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2021年山东省潍坊市中考英语真题
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2021年山东省潍坊市中考英语真题

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这是一份2021年山东省潍坊市中考英语真题,共24页。试卷主要包含了写作等内容,欢迎下载使用。

1.
Alex:Lk at that guy ver there.
Dave:What abut him?
Alex:That's Tny Smith.
Dave:Oh,Tny.That's right.He ges t ballet(芭蕾舞)classes.
Alex:Yeah,that'sweird!A by!Ding ballet!
Dave: yu want t play ftball with us?
Alex:Or are yu wrried abut yur pretty little dancing feet?
Dave:Alex,shut up!Dn't listen t him,Tny,he's stupid!
Tny:Yu knw,Alex,I like playing ftball.And,n,I'm nt wrried abut my feet.
Alex:Oh,yeah?But ding ballet...
Tny:I like ballet.It's nt my prblem if yu dn't like it!
Alex:Well,I mean,it's different,isn't it?Fr a by...
Tny:S what?
(1)The underlined wrd "weird" in Picture 2 has the similar meaning t .
A.awful
B.strange
C.fantastic
D.interesting
(2)In Alex's pinin, .
A.Dave is different
B.ballet is nly fr girls
C.ftball is nly fr bys
D.Tny is wrried abut his feet
(3)The three bys are mainly talking abut .
A.dances
B.sprts
C.hbbies
D.classes
2.(8分)The 6﹣year﹣ld girl,Ruby,lived in New Orleans, was suppsed t g t schl clse t her hme.But all the students in that schl were white.Ruby was black.Schl leaders didn't want t accept her,s they made Ruby take a hard exam and hped she wuld fail.But Ruby was s smart that she passed the test easily and was finally allwed t g t the schl.
Ruby was excited abut her new schl.But when she and her mm arrived n her first day,she saw a crwd f angry peple shuting very cruel things at the gate.They did nt want a black child t attend the schl. "I had n idea what was happening, " remembered Ruby.She thught the crwd was celebrating smething.
Each day.Ruby went t schl with fur plice fficers wh wrked fr the natinal gvernment t prtect her.The sight f this small girl with her big bdyguards mved the artist Nrman Rckwell.He created a painting f Ruby.He called it The Prblem We All Live With",It became a very famus painting.
Ruby grew up t be a civil rights activist.She wrked t prtect the rights given t all citizens by the gvernment.She even went t the White Huse t meet President Barack Obama.They lked at Mr.Rckwell's painting.It hung utside the Oval Office.
"We shuld never judge a persn by the clr f their skin, " Ruby said. " That's the lessn I learned in first grade. "
(1)Hw culd Ruby get the chance t g t the schl?
A.By meeting the president.
B.By passing a difficult exam.
C.By visiting the schl leaders.
D.By asking fr help frm the gvernment.
(2)What was the crwd prbably shuting at the schl gate?
A.N seats fr black!
B.Cngratulatins !
C.Let her in!
D.Welcme!
(3)Why did Mr.Rckwell create the painting?
A.T celebrate Ruby's success.
B.T present his painting skills.
C.T praise the fur plice fficers.
D.T shw the serius scial prblem in the US.
(4)What lessn did Ruby learn in first grade?
A.Fight fr yur rights.
B.Intelligence (智商)is valuable.
C.Treat peple f different clrs equally (平等地).
D.Get help frm the plice when in truble.
3.(8分)Everything is made f smething.Nthing is made f nthing.
Chemistry is abut the smallest things that ther bigger things are made f,and what happens when they change.The wrd chemistry cmes frm chemical,which is an example f ne type f the very small things that ther bigger things are made f.The wrds yu are reading nw are made f a dark liquid called ink (墨水),which is written n paper.The paper itself is made ut f the chemicals that wd is made ut f.Bth the ink and the paper were made by different chemical prcesses.A chemical prcess is what happens when chemicals cme tgether t make ther chemicals,and therefre ther things.
Cking makes chemical changes.Yur different ingredients are made f different chemicals,and when yu put them tgether and make them ht and ck them,the chemicals change int new chemicals and the different ingredients make smething new.That tmat sauce yu're making is made f tmates,nins,garlic,salt and pepper.Thse ingredients each have their wn chemicals and their wn flavrs,but nw with yur sauce yu've made smething different,smething that has its wn flavr,all the ingredients mixed tgether,all the chemicals mixed tgether,smething new.
Yu can smell the chemical changes,t,as they g up int yur nse,especially when yu frget abut yur sauce and it desn't just ck but bums and becmes black and has a really bad flavr.Yu can't make it better,either,because nce chemicals change,they can't be changed back again.
(1)What des the underlined wrd "they" in Paragraph 2 refer t?
A.Chemistry.
B.Chemical.
C.The smallest things.
D.The bigger things.
(2)What is a chemical prcess?
A.Ink is written n paper.
B.Paper is made ut f wd.
C.Everything is made f smething.
D.Things mixed tgether prduce smething new.
(3)What des Paragraph 3 mainly talk abut?
A.Hw t make tmat sauce.
B.What t use t frm new things.
C.Ingredients and their wn flavrs.
D.Chemical changes in cking fd.
(4)Which might be the best title fr the text?
A.What chemistry is like.
B.Chemistry changes everything.
C.Where the wrd chemistry cmes frm.
D.A chemical prcess is called chemistry.
4.(8分)Every time yu're nline,yu are bmbarded (如炮轰)by pictures,articles,links and vides trying t tell their stry.(1)
Read these tips,and dn't get fled by fake news!
1.Check the surce (来源)
(2) Des it lk real?Is the text well written?Fake news websites ften use addresses that sund like real newspapers,but dn't have many real stries abut ther tpics.
2.Watch ut fr fake phts
Many fake news stries use images (图像)that are Phtshpped r taken frm an unrelated site.Smetimes,if yu just lk clsely at an image,yu can see if it has been changed.Or use a tl like Ggle Reverse Image search.
3. (3)
Lk t see if the stry yu are reading is n ther news sites that yu knw and trust.If yu d find it n many ther sites,then it prbably isn't fake( althugh there are sme exceptins).
4.Lk fr ther signs
There are ther methds that fake news uses.These include using ALL CAPS (全大写)and lts f ads that cme ut when yu click n a link. (4) If the news stry makes yu angry,it's prbably designed t make yu angry.
If yu knw these things abut nline news,and can use them in yur everyday life,then yu have the cntrl ver what t read and what t believe.If yu find a news stry that yu knw is fake,the mst imprtant advice is:dn't share it!
根据短文内容,从下列选项中选出能填入文中空白处的最佳选项,选项中有一项为多 余选项。
二,语言知识运用(共1小题;每小题10分, 满分10分)阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的A,B,C,D四个选项中, 选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项。
5.(10分)Space suits dn't just make astrnauts lk cl.Withut these (1) suits,astrnauts wuldn't be able t leave their spaceship.That is t say,they wuldn't be able t (2) n the Mn r wrk utside the Internatinal Space Statin.
Space is a (3) place fr human beings.Firstly,there is n air t breathe.Secndly,space als has high levels f radiatin(辐射),energy that can pass thrugh ur bdies and make us(4) .Thirdly,sme parts f space are really cld (5) ther parts are very ht.S astrnauts culd die in just a few secnds if they(6) utside their spaceship withut their suits.With a space suit,thugh,astrnauts can mve arund in space fr several hurs.
Space suits keep astrnauts(7) sealed(密封的)inside.A backpack sends O2 in t let astrnauts breathe nrmally.At the same time,the CO2 (8) astrnauts breathe ut is sucked away.The suit als prtects them frm harmful radiatin and fast﹣mving space dust. (9) the space suit is anther suit that lks like a pair f tight pajamas(睡衣)with little pipes running thrugh them.Water runs thrugh these pipes t(10) astrnauts because wearing a space suit can make astrnauts very ht !
阅读下面短文, 用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空, 必要时可加助动词。
6.(10分)I knew that my father's aunt,Betsey Trtwd,lived smewhere near Dver,s I decided t lk fr her.
I had t walk there and the jurney tk six lng days.When I gt t Dver,I asked a few peple and they tld me where (1) (g).
When Miss Betsey saw me,she shuted :G away!Dn't walk n my grass! "
"Please,madam," I said bravely, " please,Aunt Betsey. . . "
"What!" she cried, (2) (lk)at me in great surprise.
"Please,Aunt Betsey,I'm yur nephew David Cpperfield.Yu came n the night I was brn and saw my dear mther.My life (3) (be)very miserable since she died.My stepfather sent me t wrk in Lndn and I hated it and ran away.Then smene stle my mney and I had t walk. . . " I felt weak and suddenly fell t the grund.
My aunt picked me up and tk me int her sitting rm.While I(4) (eat) ,my aunt asked me a lt f questins.I was tired after the lng day.Sn I fell asleep in a warm, (5) (cmfrt)bed.
Several days (6) ( late)my stepfather,Mr.Murdstne arrived. " David is a very bad by,vilent and lazy,maybe the(7) ( bad)by in the wrld, " he said (8) ( angry).
" We fund him a gd jb in Lndn but he ran away.Nw he must(9) (punish) ! "
Aunt Betsey listened t him carefully and (10) ( reply) , " I dn't believe a wrd yu say.I knw yu've been cruel t this by and his pr mther.I'll lk after David frm nw n.Nw get ut f here!"
三,翻译句子(共4小题;每小题1. 5分, 满分6.0分)用括号内所给的词或短语, 将下列句子翻译成英语。
7.(1.5分)浪费这么好吃的食物真是可惜。(waste,such)

8.(1.5分)袁隆平被誉为"杂交水稻(hybrid rice)之父"。(name)

9.(1.5分)昨天经过讨论,我们才知道如何解决这个问题。(nt. . .until. . . )

10.(1.5分)中国的祝融号火星探测器(Zhurng rver)已经成功登陆火星(Mars)。(land n)

四,阅读表达(共5小題;满分9分。其中第1小題1分, 其余每小题9分)阅读下面的短文, 根据短文后的要求答題。
11.(9分)Lng,lng ag,there lived an unhappy king.He slept badly and didn't feel like eating.One day,a dctr was called in t examine the king.But he fund nthing wrng with his bdy. "It's all in his mind.Neither medicine nr rest can help him.What he needs is the shirt f a happy persn t wear.That'll make him happy. "
The prime minister was called t the palace.But he said that _____ he had a lt f pwer,it didn't make him happy.He always wrried that many peple were trying t take his psitin.Then the banker came. "Oh,I'm afraid I'm nt happy,either, " he said, " I have a lt f wealth,but I feel nervus when I think smene tries t steal my mney every day. "
Finally,the tp general was tld t g ut and find a happy man in three days.He searched and searched but culdn't find anyne.It seemed that everyne had their wn prblems,and n ne was truly happy.Tw days passed.Just as he was abut t give up,he saw a pr man n the street eating with his hands and singing happily t himself.The general went up t him and asked, " What makes yu s happy?Yu have n pwer.mney r fame. " The pr man smiled, "I have everything I want,and I dn't want what I can't have.S I'm happy. "
"Great!Yu are the very man I'm lking fr, " the general said in great jy. "Then I need t give yur shirt t ur king.Hw much d yu want fr it?"
"Shirt?I've n shirt at all. "
(1)What was wrng with the king?(根据短文内容回答问题)
(2)Fill in the blank in Paragraph 2 with a prper wrd. (在第二段空白处填入一个恰当的词,使句意完整)

(3)Accrding t the passage,bth the prime minister and the banker felt unhappy because they always wrried abut what they had gt. (在句子空白处填入一个恰当的词,使句意完整,语法正确)
(4)Why was it hard fr the general t find a happy man?(根据短文内容回答问题)
(5)Translate the underlined sentence int Chinese. (将文中划线句子翻译成汉语)

五,写作(满分15分)
12.(15分)Teens Arund the Wrld是一个国际青少年网站,近日有人发帖,讨论"发现生活中的 小欢喜"。假设你是李华,请结合自己的生活体会,用英语跟帖。
注意:
1.不要出现考生本人信息;
2.80词左右。
____________________
Li Hua,China
一,阅读理解(共4小题;每小题6分, 满分30分)阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的A,B,C,D四个选项中选出最佳选项。
1.
Alex:Lk at that guy ver there.
Dave:What abut him?
Alex:That's Tny Smith.
Dave:Oh,Tny.That's right.He ges t ballet(芭蕾舞)classes.
Alex:Yeah,that'sweird!A by!Ding ballet!
Dave: yu want t play ftball with us?
Alex:Or are yu wrried abut yur pretty little dancing feet?
Dave:Alex,shut up!Dn't listen t him,Tny,he's stupid!
Tny:Yu knw,Alex,I like playing ftball.And,n,I'm nt wrried abut my feet.
Alex:Oh,yeah?But ding ballet...
Tny:I like ballet.It's nt my prblem if yu dn't like it!
Alex:Well,I mean,it's different,isn't it?Fr a by...
Tny:S what?
(1)The underlined wrd "weird" in Picture 2 has the similar meaning t .
A.awful
B.strange
C.fantastic
D.interesting
(2)In Alex's pinin, .
A.Dave is different
B.ballet is nly fr girls
C.ftball is nly fr bys
D.Tny is wrried abut his feet
(3)The three bys are mainly talking abut C .
A.dances
B.sprts
C.hbbies
D.classes
【分析】文章讲了三个男孩主要在谈论爱好。
【解答】(1)B.词义猜测题。根据Alex:Yeah,that's weird!A by!Ding ballet!可知,亚历克斯:是啊,真奇怪!一个男孩!跳芭蕾!所以图2中带下划线的单词"weird"的意思与strange奇怪相似。故选B.
(2)B.细节理解题。根据Alex:Yeah,that's weird!A by!Ding ballet!可知,亚历克斯:是啊,真奇怪!一个男孩!跳芭蕾!所以在亚历克斯看来芭蕾舞只适合女孩。故选D.
(3)C.细节推理题。根据Alex:Yeah,that's weird!A by!Ding ballet!Dave: yu want t play ftball with us?Alex:Or are yu wrried abut yur pretty little dancing feet?Dave:Alex,shut up!Dn't listen t him,Tny,he's stupid!Tny:Yu knw,Alex,I like playing ftball.And,n,I'm nt wrried abut my feet.Alex:Oh,yeah?But ding ballet...可知 亚历克斯:是啊,真奇怪!一个男孩!跳芭蕾!戴夫:嘿,托尼。你想和我们一起踢足球吗?亚历克斯:还是你担心你那可爱的舞步。戴夫:亚历克斯,闭嘴!别听他的,托尼,他很蠢!托尼:你知道,亚历克斯,我喜欢踢足球。而且,不,我不担心我的脚。亚历克斯:哦,是吗?但是跳芭蕾。。所以这三个男孩主要在谈论爱好。故选C.
【点评】做阅读题,先浏览文章把握大意,然后根据选项中提供的关键词去文中寻找答案。
2.(8分)The 6﹣year﹣ld girl,Ruby,lived in New Orleans, was suppsed t g t schl clse t her hme.But all the students in that schl were white.Ruby was black.Schl leaders didn't want t accept her,s they made Ruby take a hard exam and hped she wuld fail.But Ruby was s smart that she passed the test easily and was finally allwed t g t the schl.
Ruby was excited abut her new schl.But when she and her mm arrived n her first day,she saw a crwd f angry peple shuting very cruel things at the gate.They did nt want a black child t attend the schl. "I had n idea what was happening, " remembered Ruby.She thught the crwd was celebrating smething.
Each day.Ruby went t schl with fur plice fficers wh wrked fr the natinal gvernment t prtect her.The sight f this small girl with her big bdyguards mved the artist Nrman Rckwell.He created a painting f Ruby.He called it The Prblem We All Live With",It became a very famus painting.
Ruby grew up t be a civil rights activist.She wrked t prtect the rights given t all citizens by the gvernment.She even went t the White Huse t meet President Barack Obama.They lked at Mr.Rckwell's painting.It hung utside the Oval Office.
"We shuld never judge a persn by the clr f their skin, " Ruby said. " That's the lessn I learned in first grade. "
(1)Hw culd Ruby get the chance t g t the schl?
A.By meeting the president.
B.By passing a difficult exam.
C.By visiting the schl leaders.
D.By asking fr help frm the gvernment.
(2)What was the crwd prbably shuting at the schl gate? A
A.N seats fr black!
B.Cngratulatins !
C.Let her in!
D.Welcme!
(3)Why did Mr.Rckwell create the painting? D
A.T celebrate Ruby's success.
B.T present his painting skills.
C.T praise the fur plice fficers.
D.T shw the serius scial prblem in the US.
(4)What lessn did Ruby learn in first grade? C
A.Fight fr yur rights.
B.Intelligence (智商)is valuable.
C.Treat peple f different clrs equally (平等地).
D.Get help frm the plice when in truble.
【分析】文章讲了美国严重的社会问题﹣﹣﹣﹣﹣种族歧视问题。
【解答】(1)B.细节理解题。根据Ruby was black.Schl leaders didn't want t accept her,s they made Ruby take a hard exam and hped she wuld fail.可知,鲁比是黑人。学校领导不想接受她,所以他们让鲁比参加了一次艰苦的考试,希望她能不及格。所以鲁比通过一次困难的考试才能有机会去上学。故选B.
(2)A.细节推理题。根据Ruby was excited abut her new schl.But when she and her mm arrived n her first day,she saw a crwd f angry peple shuting very cruel things at the gate.They did nt want a black child t attend the schl.可知,鲁比对自己的新学校很兴奋。但当她和妈妈第一天到学校时,她看到一群愤怒的人在门口喊着非常残忍的话。他们不想让一个黑人孩子上学。所以可推测人群在学校门口可能在喊黑人没有座位!故选A.
(3)D.推理判断题。根据Each day.Ruby went t schl with fur plice fficers wh wrked fr the natinal gvernment t prtect her.The sight f this small girl with her big bdyguards mved the artist Nrman Rckwell.He created a painting f Ruby.He called it The Prblem We All Live With",It became a very famus painting.可知,每天,鲁比都和四名为国家政府工作的警察一起上学,他们保护她。看到这个小女孩和她的大保镖,艺术家诺曼·罗克韦尔感动了她。他创作了一幅鲁比的画。他称之为"我们共同生活的问题",这幅画成了一幅非常有名的画。所以罗克韦尔先生要创作这幅画是为了显示美国严重的社会问题。故选D.
(4)C.细节推理题。根据 "We shuld never judge a persn by the clr f their skin, " Ruby said. " That's the lessn I learned in first grade. "可知 鲁比说:"我们决不能以肤色来判断一个人。"这是我一年级学到的一课。"所以鲁比在一年级上的课是平等地对待不同肤色的人。故选C.
【点评】做阅读题,先浏览文章把握大意,然后根据选项中提供的关键词去文中寻找答案。
3.(8分)Everything is made f smething.Nthing is made f nthing.
Chemistry is abut the smallest things that ther bigger things are made f,and what happens when they change.The wrd chemistry cmes frm chemical,which is an example f ne type f the very small things that ther bigger things are made f.The wrds yu are reading nw are made f a dark liquid called ink (墨水),which is written n paper.The paper itself is made ut f the chemicals that wd is made ut f.Bth the ink and the paper were made by different chemical prcesses.A chemical prcess is what happens when chemicals cme tgether t make ther chemicals,and therefre ther things.
Cking makes chemical changes.Yur different ingredients are made f different chemicals,and when yu put them tgether and make them ht and ck them,the chemicals change int new chemicals and the different ingredients make smething new.That tmat sauce yu're making is made f tmates,nins,garlic,salt and pepper.Thse ingredients each have their wn chemicals and their wn flavrs,but nw with yur sauce yu've made smething different,smething that has its wn flavr,all the ingredients mixed tgether,all the chemicals mixed tgether,smething new.
Yu can smell the chemical changes,t,as they g up int yur nse,especially when yu frget abut yur sauce and it desn't just ck but bums and becmes black and has a really bad flavr.Yu can't make it better,either,because nce chemicals change,they can't be changed back again.
(1)What des the underlined wrd "they" in Paragraph 2 refer t? C
A.Chemistry.
B.Chemical.
C.The smallest things.
D.The bigger things.
(2)What is a chemical prcess?
A.Ink is written n paper.
B.Paper is made ut f wd.
C.Everything is made f smething.
D.Things mixed tgether prduce smething new.
(3)What des Paragraph 3 mainly talk abut? D
A.Hw t make tmat sauce.
B.What t use t frm new things.
C.Ingredients and their wn flavrs.
D.Chemical changes in cking fd.
(4)Which might be the best title fr the text? D
A.What chemistry is like.
B.Chemistry changes everything.
C.Where the wrd chemistry cmes frm.
D.A chemical prcess is called chemistry.
【分析】本文主要介绍了发生化学变化的过程叫做化学。
【解答】(1)C.词义猜测题。根据Chemistry is abut the smallest things that ther bigger things are made f,and what happens when they change.可知化学是关于其他更大的东西所组成的最小的东西,以及当它们改变时会发生什么。根据前后文含义以及结合选项可知,此处they指的是"最小的事物",故选D.
(2)B.细节理解题。根据The paper itself is made ut f the chemicals that wd is made ut f.可知纸张本身是由木材所用的化学物质制成的。故选B.
(3)D.段落大意题。根据 Cking makes chemical changes.Yur different ingredients are made f different chemicals,and when yu put them tgether and make them ht and ck them,the chemicals change int new chemicals and the different ingredients make smething new.可知烹调会产生化学变化。你的不同配料是由不同的化学物质组成的,当你把它们放在一起加热烹调时,化学物质会变成新的化学物质,不同的配料会产生新的东西。因此可知第三段主要介绍了烹饪食物中的化学变化。故选D.
(4)D.标题归纳题。通读全文,尤其是根据Chemistry is abut the smallest things that ther bigger things are made f,and what happens when they change.The wrd chemistry cmes frm chemical,which is an example f ne type f the very small things that ther bigger things are made f.化学是关于其他更大的东西组成的最小的东西,以及当它们改变时会发生什么。化学这个词来自化学,它是其他更大的东西组成的一种非常小的东西的一个例子。以及A chemical prcess is what happens when chemicals cme tgether t make ther chemicals,and therefre ther things.化学过程是指化学物质结合在一起形成其他化学物质,从而形成其他东西的过程。可知本文主要介绍了发生化学变化的过程叫做化学。所以标题为"A chemical prcess is called chemistry."最为适合。故选D.
【点评】做题时首先对原文材料迅速浏览,掌握全文的主旨大意.其次,细读题材,各个击破。掌握全文的大意之后,细细阅读材料后的问题,弄清每题要求后,带着问题,再回到原文中去寻找,捕获有关信息。
4.(8分)Every time yu're nline,yu are bmbarded (如炮轰)by pictures,articles,links and vides trying t tell their stry.(1)
Read these tips,and dn't get fled by fake news!
1.Check the surce (来源)
(2) E Des it lk real?Is the text well written?Fake news websites ften use addresses that sund like real newspapers,but dn't have many real stries abut ther tpics.
2.Watch ut fr fake phts
Many fake news stries use images (图像)that are Phtshpped r taken frm an unrelated site.Smetimes,if yu just lk clsely at an image,yu can see if it has been changed.Or use a tl like Ggle Reverse Image search.
3. (3) A
Lk t see if the stry yu are reading is n ther news sites that yu knw and trust.If yu d find it n many ther sites,then it prbably isn't fake( althugh there are sme exceptins).
4.Lk fr ther signs
There are ther methds that fake news uses.These include using ALL CAPS (全大写)and lts f ads that cme ut when yu click n a link. (4) D If the news stry makes yu angry,it's prbably designed t make yu angry.
If yu knw these things abut nline news,and can use them in yur everyday life,then yu have the cntrl ver what t read and what t believe.If yu find a news stry that yu knw is fake,the mst imprtant advice is:dn't share it!
根据短文内容,从下列选项中选出能填入文中空白处的最佳选项,选项中有一项为多 余选项。
【分析】短文讲了每次你上网,你都会被试图讲述他们故事的图片,文章,链接和视频轰炸。详细地介绍了不要被假新闻愚弄的一些小提示。
【解答】细节推理题。
(1)B.根据前句"Every time yu're nline,yu are bmbarded (如炮轰)by pictures,articles,links and vide trying t tell their stry."每次你上网,你都会被试图讲述他们故事的图片,文章,链接和视频轰炸。可知说的是一些故事,结合选项,应说不幸的是,并非所有这些故事都是真的。故选B。
(2)E.根据前句"Check the surce (来源)"可知说的是查看来源,结合选项,应说看看这个故事的网站。故选E。
(3)A.根据后句"Lk t see if the stry yu are reading is n ther news sites that yu knw and trust.看看你正在读的故事是不是在其他你知道和信任的新闻网站上,"可知说的是查一查,结合选项,应说查查这个故事在其他地方。故选A。
(4)D.根据后句"If the news stry makes yu angry,it's prbably designed t make yu angry.如果新闻故事让你生气,它可能是为了让你生气。"可知说的是你的感受,结合选项,应说同时,想想这个故事给你的感觉。故选D。
【点评】做题时结合原文和题目有针对性找出相关语句进行仔细分析,结合选项选出正确答案。推理判断也是要在抓住关键句子的基础上合理地分析才能得出正确的答案。
二,语言知识运用(共1小题;每小题10分, 满分10分)阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的A,B,C,D四个选项中, 选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项。
5.(10分)Space suits dn't just make astrnauts lk cl.Withut these (1) suits,astrnauts wuldn't be able t leave their spaceship.That is t say,they wuldn't be able t (2) n the Mn r wrk utside the Internatinal Space Statin.
Space is a (3) D place fr human beings.Firstly,there is n air t breathe.Secndly,space als has high levels f radiatin(辐射),energy that can pass thrugh ur bdies and make us(4) A .Thirdly,sme parts f space are really cld (5) D ther parts are very ht.S astrnauts culd die in just a few secnds if they(6) A utside their spaceship withut their suits.With a space suit,thugh,astrnauts can mve arund in space fr several hurs.
Space suits keep astrnauts(7) A sealed(密封的)inside.A backpack sends O2 in t let astrnauts breathe nrmally.At the same time,the CO2 (8) C astrnauts breathe ut is sucked away.The suit als prtects them frm harmful radiatin and fast﹣mving space dust. (9) the space suit is anther suit that lks like a pair f tight pajamas(睡衣)with little pipes running thrugh them.Water runs thrugh these pipes t(10) C astrnauts because wearing a space suit can make astrnauts very ht !
【分析】文章介绍了宇航员太空服的重要性及功能。
【解答】(1)B 形容词辨析。A私人的,B特殊的,C塑料的,D贵的,根据常识及下文,可知宇航员的服装是特殊的,故答案是B。
(2)B 动词辨析。A跑,B走,C生活,D冲浪,根据they wuldn't be able t (2)n the Mn应该是没有这些衣服,他们不能在月球上走,故答案是B。
(3)D 形容词辨析。A有趣的,B自然的,C漂亮的,D危险的,根据下文Firstly,there is n air t breathe首先,没有空气可以呼吸,可知太空是危险的地方,故答案是D。
(4)A 形容词辨析。A生病的,B无聊的,C强壮的,D放松的,根据上文space als has high levels f radiatin(辐射),提到了辐射,穿过人类,应该是会让我们生病,故答案是A。
(5)D 连词辨析。A在...之后,B自从,C在...之前,D然而,根据sme parts f space are really cld (5)ther parts are very ht应该是太空中有些地方很冷,而另一些地方很热,故答案是D。
(6)A 动词辨析。A冲,B跳,C迈步,D逃脱,根据语境:因此,如果宇航员不穿宇航服冲出太空船,他们可能在几秒钟内死亡。rush ut冲出,故答案是A。
(7)A 副词辨析。A安全地,B快速地,C安静地,D可怕地,根据上文可知太空服保证宇航员的安全,故答案是A。
(8)C 连词辨析。A谁,B这个,C那个,D是否,根据题干,是定语从句,先行词the CO2 是物,用that,故答案是C。
(9)B 介词辨析。A在...上方,B在...下,C在...后面,D在两者之间,根据语境:在宇航服下面(里面)是另一套看起来像一件紧身睡衣的宇航服,里面有小管子,故答案是B。
(10)C 短语辨析。A冲走,B热身,C冷却,D清理,根据后面because wearing a space suit can make astrnauts very ht 因为穿宇航服会让宇航员很热,可知这些小管子是降温的,故答案是C。
【点评】考查完形填空。根据所给的短文对意思有所了解,然后根据短文的大体意思,选择每个符合题意的答案,使短文更通顺。
阅读下面短文, 用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空, 必要时可加助动词。
6.(10分)I knew that my father's aunt,Betsey Trtwd,lived smewhere near Dver,s I decided t lk fr her.
I had t walk there and the jurney tk six lng days.When I gt t Dver,I asked a few peple and they tld me where (1) t g (g).
When Miss Betsey saw me,she shuted :G away!Dn't walk n my grass! "
"Please,madam," I said bravely, " please,Aunt Betsey. . . "
"What!" she cried, (2) lking (lk)at me in great surprise.
"Please,Aunt Betsey,I'm yur nephew David Cpperfield.Yu came n the night I was brn and saw my dear mther.My life (3) has been (be)very miserable since she died.My stepfather sent me t wrk in Lndn and I hated it and ran away.Then smene stle my mney and I had t walk. . . " I felt weak and suddenly fell t the grund.
My aunt picked me up and tk me int her sitting rm.While I(4) was eating (eat) ,my aunt asked me a lt f questins.I was tired after the lng day.Sn I fell asleep in a warm, (5) cmfrtable (cmfrt)bed.
Several days (6) later ( late)my stepfather,Mr.Murdstne arrived. " David is a very bad by,vilent and lazy,maybe the(7) wrst ( bad)by in the wrld, " he said (8) angrily ( angry).
" We fund him a gd jb in Lndn but he ran away.Nw he must(9) be punished (punish) ! "
Aunt Betsey listened t him carefully and (10) replied ( reply) , " I dn't believe a wrd yu say.I knw yu've been cruel t this by and his pr mther.I'll lk after David frm nw n.Nw get ut f here!"
【分析】文章主要描述了作者因为身世悲惨,所以独自去找自己唯一的亲戚﹣﹣贝茜·特拉伍德姨妈的经历。
【解答】(1)t g.考查动词不定式。根据句意,他们告诉我去哪里。考查疑问词+不定式结构,where t g,填入不定式t g,意为去哪里。故答案为:t g。
(2)lking.考查动词。根据句意,她惊叫着看着我。参考本句结构可知,空处用lking,边看着我,作伴随状语。故答案为:lking。
(3)has been.考查动词的时态。根据句意,她死后我的生活一直很悲惨。结合空后的时间状语since,自从,可知这里应填入现在完成时结构(has/have+dne),主语为My life,第三人称单数,所以要用has been。故答案为:has been。
(4)was eating.考查动词的时态。根据句意,当我正在吃饭的时候,我姨妈问了我许多问题。提示词while,当。的时候,常用于进行时结构,这里讲的是过去发生的事情,所以用过去进行时,主语为I,填入was eating。故答案为:was eating。
(5)cmfrtable.考查形容词。根据句意,很快我就在温暖舒适的床上睡着了。这里改为形容词形式cmfrtable,舒适的,修饰空后的名词bed,表示舒适的床。故答案为:cmfrtable。
(6)later.考查副词。根据句意,几天后,空前的Several days,几天,可知应填入副词later,表示几天后,是常见的时间状语。故答案为:later。
(7)wrst.考查形容词。根据句意,也许是世界上最坏的孩子。结合空前的定冠词the,可知这里提示词要改为最高级形式wrst,表示最坏的,符合语境。故答案为:wrst。
(8)angrily.考查副词。根据句意,他生气地说。分析句子结构可知,空处填入副词形式happily,来修饰动词said,表示生气地说道。故答案为:angrily。
(9)be punished.考查动词的语态。根据句意,现在他必须受到惩罚!分析语境可知,这里应用被动语态,由空前的must可知是用情态动词的被动语态:must be dne,所以填入be punished。故答案为:be punished。
(10)replied.考查动词的时态。根据句意,贝茜姨妈仔细地听了他的话,然后回答说。由空前的谓语listened和连词and,可知空处要填入并列的谓语结构,改为提示词的过去式形式replied。故答案为:replied。
【点评】题目要求用所给词的适当形式填空,考查学生对语法知识的掌握及对词性转换能力。做题时,要根据题干中的相关提示来确定空缺处单词的词性及单词的形式,然后对所给单词进行适当的变形,从而得出正确答案。
三,翻译句子(共4小题;每小题1. 5分, 满分6.0分)用括号内所给的词或短语, 将下列句子翻译成英语。
7.(1.5分)浪费这么好吃的食物真是可惜。(waste,such)
It's a pity t waste such delicius fd.
【分析】It's a pity t waste such delicius fd.
【解答】根据题干,可知考查:It's a pity t d sth做某事很可惜;waste such delicius fd浪费这么好吃的食物。由句意可知时态是一般现在时。
故答案为It's a pity t waste such delicius fd.
【点评】做这类题型,首先根据所给汉语明确句子所要考查的单词或短语的拼写,再结合相关语法知识对单词或短语做出形式上的变化。
8.(1.5分)袁隆平被誉为"杂交水稻(hybrid rice)之父"。(name)
Yuan Lngping is named as the "father f hybrid rice"
【分析】Yuan Lngping is named as the "father f hybrid rice"
【解答】根据题干,可知考查:be named as被命名为。,由句意可知时态是一般现在时。
故答案为Yuan Lngping is named as the "father f hybrid rice"
【点评】做这类题型,首先根据所给汉语明确句子所要考查的单词或短语的拼写,再结合相关语法知识对单词或短语做出形式上的变化。
9.(1.5分)昨天经过讨论,我们才知道如何解决这个问题。(nt. . .until. . . )
We didn't knw hw t slve the prblem until the discussin yesterday.
【分析】We didn't knw hw t slve the prblem until the discussin yesterday.
【解答】根据题干,可知考查:直到。才。;hw t slve the prblem如何解决这个问题。句意可知时态是一般过去时。
故答案为We didn't knw hw t slve the prblem until the discussin yesterday.
【点评】做这类题型,首先根据所给汉语明确句子所要考查的单词或短语的拼写,再结合相关语法知识对单词或短语做出形式上的变化。
10.(1.5分)中国的祝融号火星探测器(Zhurng rver)已经成功登陆火星(Mars)。(land n)
China's Zhurng Mars rver has successfully landed n Mars.
【分析】China's Zhurng Mars rver has successfully landed n Mars.
【解答】根据题干,可知考查:land n Mars登录火星,由句意可知时态是现在完成时,主语是单数,接has+过去分词。
故答案为China's Zhurng Mars rver has successfully landed n Mars.
【点评】做这类题型,首先根据所给汉语明确句子所要考查的单词或短语的拼写,再结合相关语法知识对单词或短语做出形式上的变化。
四,阅读表达(共5小題;满分9分。其中第1小題1分, 其余每小题9分)阅读下面的短文, 根据短文后的要求答題。
11.(9分)Lng,lng ag,there lived an unhappy king.He slept badly and didn't feel like eating.One day,a dctr was called in t examine the king.But he fund nthing wrng with his bdy. "It's all in his mind.Neither medicine nr rest can help him.What he needs is the shirt f a happy persn t wear.That'll make him happy. "
The prime minister was called t the palace.But he said that _____ he had a lt f pwer,it didn't make him happy.He always wrried that many peple were trying t take his psitin.Then the banker came. "Oh,I'm afraid I'm nt happy,either, " he said, " I have a lt f wealth,but I feel nervus when I think smene tries t steal my mney every day. "
Finally,the tp general was tld t g ut and find a happy man in three days.He searched and searched but culdn't find anyne.It seemed that everyne had their wn prblems,and n ne was truly happy.Tw days passed.Just as he was abut t give up,he saw a pr man n the street eating with his hands and singing happily t himself.The general went up t him and asked, " What makes yu s happy?Yu have n pwer.mney r fame. " The pr man smiled, "I have everything I want,and I dn't want what I can't have.S I'm happy. "
"Great!Yu are the very man I'm lking fr, " the general said in great jy. "Then I need t give yur shirt t ur king.Hw much d yu want fr it?"
"Shirt?I've n shirt at all. "
(1)What was wrng with the king?(根据短文内容回答问题) He slept badly and didn't feel like eating.
(2)Fill in the blank in Paragraph 2 with a prper wrd. (在第二段空白处填入一个恰当的词,使句意完整)
althugh
(3)Accrding t the passage,bth the prime minister and the banker felt unhappy because they always wrried abut lsing what they had gt. (在句子空白处填入一个恰当的词,使句意完整,语法正确)
(4)Why was it hard fr the general t find a happy man?(根据短文内容回答问题) Because everyne had their wn prblems.
(5)Translate the underlined sentence int Chinese. (将文中划线句子翻译成汉语)
我有我想要的一切,我不想要我不能拥有的东西。
【分析】本文主要介绍了很久之前一位国王一直不开心,医生检查发现他的身体没有问题,他需要的是一件快乐的人穿的衬衫,因此将军出去给国王找快乐的人,但发现很难找到,因为每个人都有自己的烦恼,最后找到了一个快乐的人,但是这个快乐的人没有衬衫。
【解答】(1)He slept badly and didn't feel like eating.细节理解题。根据第一段Lng,lng ag,there lived an unhappy king.He slept badly and didn't feel like eating.可知,国王睡得不好,也不想吃饭。故填He slept badly and didn't feel like eating.
(2)althugh.推理判断题。根据But he said that _____ he had a lt f pwer,it didn't make him happy.但他说____他有很多权力,这并不能让他开心。可知,前后形成转折,应用althugh引导。故填althugh.
(3)lsing.推理判断题。根据第二段He always wrried that many peple were trying t take his psitin.Then the banker came. "Oh,I'm afraid I'm nt happy,either, " he said, " I have a lt f wealth,but I feel nervus when I think smene tries l steal my mney every day. "可知,首相和银行家都不开心是因为他们总担心失去已经得到的,lse"失去",abut是介词,后面加ding。故填lsing.
(4)Because everyne had their wn prblems.细节理解题。根据第三段It seemed that everyne had their wn prblems,and n ne was truly happy.可知,将军很难找到一个快乐的人是因为他们都有自己的问题。故填Because everyne had their wn prblems.
(5)我有我想要的一切,我不想要我不能拥有的东西。英译汉题。everything I want"我想要的一切",what I can't have"我不能拥有的东西"。故填我有我想要的一切,我不想要我不能拥有的东西。
【点评】这是个综合型阅读题,主要考查学生的阅读理解能力及知识运用能力。答题时细节理解题可直接根据文中细节得出答案。
五,写作(满分15分)
12.(15分)Teens Arund the Wrld是一个国际青少年网站,近日有人发帖,讨论"发现生活中的 小欢喜"。假设你是李华,请结合自己的生活体会,用英语跟帖。
注意:
1.不要出现考生本人信息;
2.80词左右。
____________________
Li Hua,China
【分析】【高分句型一】
Althugh I have been standing and very tired,but I was very happy.Because helping thers makes me happy.虽然我一直站着很累,但是我很开心。Althugh引导的让步状语从句
【高分句型二】
I believe that if everyne gives a little lve,the wrld will be better.我相信,如果每个人都给予一点爱,世界会变得更好。宾语从句
【解答】One day I went hme by bus.There were a lt f peple in the bus and the seats were full.At this time,an ld man gt n the bus,abut 70 years ld.He culd nly stand in the bus and n ne ffered his seat. (发生了什么)I was a little far away frm him,but I std up and ffered my seat t him. (做了什么)Althugh I have been standing and very tired,but I was very happy. 【高分句型一】Because helping thers makes me happy.
I believe that if everyne gives a little lve,the wrld will be better.【高分句型二】
Li Hua,China
【点评】这是一篇提纲作文,题目要求围绕提示内容写作,命题既有限制又给予学生发挥的空间。在写作中要综合运用所学知识,适当运用连词,副词等进行过渡。A.Check the stry is in ther places.
B.Unluckily,nt all f these stries are true.
C.Fake news stries ften spread much faster.
D.Als,think abut hw the stry makes yu feel.
E.Lk at the website where the stry cmes frm.
(1)A.private
B.special
C.plastic
D.expensive
(2)A.run
B.walk
C.live
D.surf
(3)A.funny
B.natural
C.beautiful
D.dangerus
(4)A.sick
B.bred
C.strng
D.relaxed
(5)A.after
B.since
C.befre
D.while
(6)A.rushed
B.jumped
C.stepped
D.escaped
(7)A.safely
B.quickly
C.quietly
D.terribly
(8)A.wh
B.this
C.that
D.whether
(9)A.Abve
B.Under
C.Behind
D.Between
(10)A.wash away
B.warm up
C.cl ff
D.clean ut
Teens Arund the Wrld
Subject:Discver the little happiness in daily life
Hey,guys!These days many teenagers say they nearly frget hw t smile.In fact,little happiness is every where in ur daily life.Try t think abut ne thing that makes yu feel happy.What happened and what did yu d at that mment?Please share yur stry with us.
Emily,England
A.Check the stry is in ther places.
B.Unluckily,nt all f these stries are true.
C.Fake news stries ften spread much faster.
D.Als,think abut hw the stry makes yu feel.
E.Lk at the website where the stry cmes frm.
(1)A.private
B.special
C.plastic
D.expensive
(2)A.run
B.walk
C.live
D.surf
(3)A.funny
B.natural
C.beautiful
D.dangerus
(4)A.sick
B.bred
C.strng
D.relaxed
(5)A.after
B.since
C.befre
D.while
(6)A.rushed
B.jumped
C.stepped
D.escaped
(7)A.safely
B.quickly
C.quietly
D.terribly
(8)A.wh
B.this
C.that
D.whether
(9)A.Abve
B.Under
C.Behind
D.Between
(10)A.wash away
B.warm up
C.cl ff
D.clean ut
Teens Arund the Wrld
Subject:Discver the little happiness in daily life
Hey,guys!These days many teenagers say they nearly frget hw t smile.In fact,little happiness is every where in ur daily life.Try t think abut ne thing that makes yu feel happy.What happened and what did yu d at that mment?Please share yur stry with us.
Emily,England
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