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专题03 阅读理解之应用文-五年(2017-2021)高考英语真题分项详解(全国通用) 解析版
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专题03 阅读理解之应用文-五年(2017-2021)高考英语真题分项详解(全国通用) 解析版

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这是一份专题03 阅读理解之应用文-五年(2017-2021)高考英语真题分项详解(全国通用) 解析版,共50页。

1.(2021年新高考I卷)A
Rme can be pricey fr travelers, which is why many chse t stay in a hstel ( 旅 社 ). The hstels in Rme ffer a bed in a drm rm fr arund $25 a night, and fr that, yu’ll ften get t stay in a central lcatin (位置) with security and cmfrt.
Yellw Hstel
If I had t make just ne recmmendatin fr where t stay in Rme, it wuld be Yellw Hstel. It’s ne f the best-rated hstels in the city, and fr gd reasn. It’s affrdable, and it’s gt a fun atmsphere withut being t nisy. As an added bnus, it’s clse t the main train statin.
Hstel Alessandr Palace
If yu lve scial hstels, this is the best hstel fr yu in Rme. Hstel Alessandr Palace is fun. Staff members hld plenty f bar events fr guests like free shts, bar crawls and karake. There’s als an area n the rftp fr hanging ut with ther travelers during the summer.
Yuth Statin Hstel
If yu’re lking fr cleanliness and a mdern hstel, lk n further than Yuth Statin. It ffers beautiful furnishings and beds. There are plenty f ther benefits, t; it desn’t charge city tax; it has bth air cnditining and a heater fr the rms; it als has free Wi-Fi in every rm.
Htel and Hstel Des Artistes
Htel and Hstel Des Artistes is lcated just a 10-minute walk frm the central city statin and it’s clse t all f the city’s main attractins. The staff is friendly and helpful, prviding yu with a map f the city when yu arrive, and ffering advice if yu require sme. Hwever, yu need t pay 2 eurs a day fr Wi-Fi.
21. What is prbably the majr cncern f travelers wh chse t stay in a hstel?
A. Cmfrt.B. Security.
C. Price.D. Lcatin.
22. Which htel best suits peple wh enjy an active scial life?
A. Yellw Hstel.B. Hstel Alessandr Palace.
C. Yuth Statin Hstel.D. Htel and Hstel Des Artistes.
23. What is the disadvantage f Htel and Hstel Des Artistes?
A. It gets nisy at night.B. Its staff is t talkative.
C. It charges fr Wi-Fi.D. It’s incnveniently lcated.
【答案】21. C 22. B 23. C
【解析】本文是一篇应用文。文章介绍了罗马的几个价格低廉,安全舒适的旅馆。
【21题】细节理解题。通过文章第一段“Rme can be pricey fr travelers, which is why many chse t stay in a hstel ( 旅 社 ).”(对旅行者来说,罗马可能很昂贵,这就是许多人选择住旅社的原因)可知选择住旅社的旅行者可能最关心的是价格。故选C。
【22题】细节理解题。根据Hstel Alessandr Palace部分“If yu lve scial hstels, this is the best hstel fr yu in Rme.”(如果你喜欢社交旅馆,这是罗马最适合你的旅馆)可知如果你喜欢社交旅馆,Hstel Alessandr Palace是罗马最适合你的旅馆。故选B。
【23题】细节理解题。根据Htel and Hstel Des Artistes部分“Hwever, yu need t pay 2 eurs a day fr Wi-Fi.”(但是,你需要支付每天2欧元的Wi-Fi)可知Htel and Hstel Des Artistes的缺点是Wi-Fi收费。故选C。
2.(2021年全国甲卷)A
A Take a view, the Landscape(风景)Phtgrapher f the Year Award, was the idea f Charlie Waite, ne f tday's mst respected landscape phtgraphers.Each year, the high standard f entries has shwn that the Awards are the perfect platfrm t shwcase the very best phtgraphy f the British landscape.Take a view is a desirable annual cmpetitin fr phtgraphers frm all cmers f the UK and beynd.
1. Wh wuld mst prbably enter fr Take a view?
A. Writers.B. Phtgraphers.C. Painters.D. Turists.
2. What d the wrks by Shepherd and Smith have in cmmn?
A. They are winter images.
B. They are in black and white.
C. They shw muntainus scenes.
D. They fcus n snw—cvered frests.
3. Where can the text be fund?
A. In a histry bk.B. In a nvel.C. In an art magazine.D. In a bigraphy.
【答案】1. B 2. A 3. C
【解析】
【分析】这是一篇应用文。文章主要介绍了摄影比赛Take a view以及获奖的相关情况。
【1题】细节理解题。根据第一段“Take a view, the Landscape(风景)Phtgrapher f the Year Award,was the idea f Charlie Waite, ne f tday's mst respected landscape phtgraphers.”( Take a view,年度风景摄影师奖是Charlie Waite的主意,他是当今最受尊敬的风景摄影师之一)可知摄影师最有可能参加Take a view。故选B。
【2题】细节理解题。根据Mike Shepherd部分“It was an extremely cld winter's evening and freezing fg hung in the air.”(那是一个极其寒冷的冬天的晚上,空气中弥漫着冰冷的雾)和Timthy Smith部分“I was back in my hme twn f Macclesfield t take sme winter images.”(我回到我的家乡Macclesfield拍摄一些冬季的照片)可知Shepherd 和 Smith的作品的共同之处是它们都是冬天的景象。故选A。
【3题】推理判断题。根据第一段“Each year, the high standard f entries has shwn that the Awards are the perfect platfrm t shwcase the very best phtgraphy f the British landscape. Take a view is a desirable annual cmpetitin fr phtgraphers frm all cmers f the UK and beynd.”(每年参赛作品的高水准表明,该奖项是展示英国风景最佳摄影作品的完美平台。 对于英国和世界各地的摄影师来说,Take a view是一项令人向往的年度竞赛 )结合下文对两位获奖者及其作品的介绍,可知这篇文章主要介绍了摄影比赛Take a view以及获奖的相关情况,最可能出现在一本艺术杂志上。故选C。
3.(2021年天津卷)Jb fr Yu!
42.Which jb requires a driver's license?
A.Delivering meals.
B.Delivering newspapers.
C.Wrking at the warehuse.
D.Wrking at the nursing hme.
43.Which f the fllwing is TRUE abut the Lancaster Design jb?
A.Applicants are expected t design furniture.
B.Wrk is arranged accrding t ne's skill set.
C.It invlves cllecting furniture frm hmes.
D.It favrs applicants wh are hmeless.
44.A middle-schl student is mst likely t be hired by.
A.Family Alliance Meal Delivery
B.Lancaster Design
C.Lancaster Weekly
D.Parkview Nursing Hme
45.Which number shuld yu call if yu want t wrk with the elderly?
A.740-6668988.
B.740-6119735.
C.740-6538360.
D.740-6968399.
【答案】
42.A
43.B
44.C
45.D
【解析】这是一篇应用文。文章刊登了四则招工广告。
42.细节理解题。该小题问哪份儿工作需要有驾照。根据第一则广告第二段“All applicants must have a driver's license and access t a car.(所有的申请人都必须有驾照并要有可使用的汽车。)”可知,第一则广告招聘外卖送餐工,并要求应聘者有驾照。故选A项。
43.细节理解题。根据Lancaster Design 广告“Candidates will be matched with a task based n skill set.(应聘者将会被安排与自己技术相匹配的任务。)可知,B项(Lancaster Design jb的工作是根据个人的技能来安排的)这一表述正确。故选B项。
44.细节理解题。根据Lancaster Weekly“Bth adults and yungsters aged 13+ are required t deliver ur newspaper.(成人和13岁以上的青少年都可以投递我们的报纸。)可知,中学生(13+)也有可能会被Lancaster Weekly雇佣。故选C项。
45.细节理解题。根据Parkview Nursing Hme广告部分“We seek peple wh are patient and caring, and wh have experience and interest in wrking with lder adults.( 我们寻找有耐心,有爱心,有经验和兴趣与老年人一起工作的人。)可知,Parkview Nursing Hme招聘照顾老人的员工,他们养老院的电话是740-6968399。故选D项。
【2020年】
1.(2020·新课标Ⅰ)A
Train Infrmatin
All custmers travelling n TransLink services must be in pssessin f a valid ticket befre barding. Fr ticket infrmatin,please ask at yur lcal statin r call 13 12 30.
While Queensland Rail makes every effrt t ensure trains run as scheduled,there can be n guarantee f cnnectins between trains r between train services and bus services.
Lst prperty(失物招领)
Call Lst Prperty n 13 16 17 during business hurs fr items lst n Queensland Rail services.
The lst prperty ffice is pen Mnday t Friday 7:30am t 5:00pm and is lcated(位于)at Rma Street statin.
Public hlidays
On public hlidays, generally a Sunday timetable perates. On certain majr event days,i.e.
Australia Day, Anzac Day, sprting and cultural days, special additinal services may perate.
Christmas Day services perate t a Christmas Day timetable,Befre travel please visit translink. cm. au r call TransLink n 13 12 30 anytime.
Custmers using mbility devices
Many statins have wheelchair access frm the car park r entrance t the statin platfrms.
Fr assistance, please Queensland Rail n 13 16 17.
Guardian trains (utbund)
21. What wuld yu d get ticker infrmatin?
A. Call 13 16 17.B. Visit translink
C. Ask at the lcal statin.D. Check the train schedule.
22. At which statin can yu find the lst prperty ffice?
A. Altandi.B. Rma Street.C. Varsity Lakes.D. Frtitude Valley.
23. Which train wuld yu take if yu g frm Central t Varsity Lakes?
A. 6:42 pm.B. 7:29 pm.C. 8:57 pm.D. 11:02 pm.
【答案】21. C 22. B 23. B
【解析】这是一篇应用文。文章主要介绍了一些火车信息,包括失物招领,公共假期安排以及列车出发时间等信息。
21.细节理解题。根据第一段中Fr ticket infrmatin, please ask yur lcal statin r call 13 12 30.可知查询车票信息,请向您当地的车站询问或拨打131230。由此可知,你可以询问当地车站或拨打131230来获得车票信息。故选C。
22.细节理解题。根据Lst prperty部分中The lst prperty ffice is pen Mnday t Friday 7:30am t 5:00pm and is lcated at Rma Street statin.可知失物招领处周一至周五早上7:30到下午5:00营业,位于罗马街车站。由此可知,在Rma Street你可以找到失物招领办公室。故选B。
23.细节理解题。根据Guardian trans部分中信息,可知从起始地Central出发,开往目的地Varsity Lakes的火车是下午7:29开车。由此可知,如果你要从Central去往Varsity Lakes,你应当乘坐下午7:29的火车。故选B。
2.(2020·新课标Ⅱ)A
The Lake District Attractins Guide
Dalemain Mansin & Histric Gardens
Histry, Culture & Landscape(景观). Discver and enjy 4 centuries f histry, 5 acres f celebrated and award-winning gardens with parkland walk. Owned by the Hasell family since 1679, hme t the Internatinal Marmalade Festival. Gifts and antiques, plant sales, museums & Mediaeval Hall Tearm.
Open:29 Mar-29 Oct,Sun t Thurs.
Tearm,Gardens & Gift Shp:10.30-17.00(16.00 in Oct).
Huse:11.15-16.00(15.00 in Oct)
Twn: Pley Bridge & Penrith
Abbt Hall art Gallery & Museum
Thse viewing the quality f Abbt Hall’s temprary exhibitins may be frgiven fr thinking they are in a city gallery. The impressive permanent cllectin includes Turners and Rmneys and the temprary exhibitin prgramme has Canalett and the artists frm St Ives.
Open: Mn t Sat and Summer Sundays. 10.30 -17.00 -16.00 Winter.
Twn:Kendal
Tullie Huse Museum & Art Gallery
Discver, explre and enjy award-winning Tullie Huse, where histric cllectins, cntemprary art and family fun are brught tgether in ne impressive museum and art gallery. There are fur fantastic galleries t visit frm fine art t interactive fun, s there’s smething fr everyne!
Open: High Seasn 1 Apr – 31 Oct: Mn t Sat 10.00 – 17.00, Sun 11.00 – 17.00.
Lw Seasn 1 Nv – 31 Mar: Mn t Sat 10.00 – 16.30, Sun 12.00 – 16.30.
Twn: Carlisle
Dve Cttage & The wrdswrth Museum
Discver William Wrdswrth’s inspiratinal hme. Take a tur f his Lakeland cttage, walk thrugh his hillside garden and explre the riches f the cllectin in the Museum. Visit the shp and relax in the café. Exhibitins, events and family activities thrughut the year.
Open: Daily, 09.30 – 17.30 (last admissin 17.00).
Twn: Grasmere
21. When is the Huse at Dalemain Mansin & Histric Gardens pen n Sundays in July?
A. 09.30-17.30.B. 10.30-16.00.C. 11.15-16.00.D. 12.00-16.30
22 What can visitrs d at Abbt Hall Art Gallery & Museum?
A. Enjy Rnney’s wrks.
B. Have sme interactive fun.
C. Attend a famus festival.
D. Learn the histry f a family
23. Where shuld visitrs g if they want t explre Wrdswrth’s life?
A. Penrith.B. Kendal.C. Carlisle.D. Grasmere.
【答案】21. C 22. A 23. D
【解析】本文是应用文。是湖区景点指南,介绍了几个主要的景点的特色,地点和参观时间。
21.细节理解题。根据题干中的Dalemain Mansin& Histric Gardens 可知定位在第一部分,根据段中的Huse:11:15-16:00可知,在7月周日的参观时间是11:15-16:00。C. 11:15-16:00.符合以上说法,故选C项。
22.细节理解题。根据题干中的Abbt Hall Art Gallery& Museum可知答案定位在第二部分,根据其中的The impressive permanent cllectin includes Turners and Rmneys and the temprary exhibitin prgramme has Canalett and the artists frm St Ives.(令人印象深刻的永久性收藏包括特纳和罗姆尼,临时展览计划有卡纳莱托和来自圣艾夫斯的艺术家)可知,在这个博物馆可以欣赏到Rmneys的作品。A. Enjy Rmney's wrks.(欣赏Rmneys的作品)符合以上说法,故选A项。
23.细节理解题。根据题干中的explre Wrdswrth's life可知答案定位在最后一部分第一句,以及最后一行Twn: Grasmere可知,如果想了解Wrdswrth's的生活,可以去Grasmere。D. Grasmere.符合以上说法,故选D项。
3.(2020·新课标Ⅲ)A
Jurney Back in Time with Schlars
Classical Prvence(13days)
Jurney thrugh the beautiful cuntryside f Prvence,France,with Prf. Ori Z. Sltes. We will visit sme f the best-preserved Rman mnuments in the wrld. Our tur als includes a chance t walk in the ftsteps f Van Ggh and Gauguin. Fields f flwers, tile-rfed(瓦屋顶)villages and tasty meals enrich this wnderful experience.
Suthern Spain(15days)
Spain has lvely white twns and the scent(芳香)f ranges,but it is als a treasury f ancient remains including the cities left by the Greeks,Rmans and Arabs. As we travel suth frm Madrid with Prf. Rnald Messier t histric Tled,Rman Merida and int Andalucia, we explre histrical mnuments and architecture.
China’s Sacred Landscapes(21days)
Discver the China f”past ages,its walled cities,temples and muntain scenery with Prf. Rbert Thrp. Highlights(精彩之处)include China’s mst sacred peaks at Munt Tai and Hangzbu’s rlling hills,waterways and peaceful temples. We will wander in traditinal small twns and end ur tur with an exceptinal museum in Shanghai.
Tunisia(17days)
Jin Prf. Pedar Fss n ur in-depth Tunisian tur. Tur highlights include the Rman city f Dugga,the undergrund Numidian capital at Bulla Regia, Rman Sbeitla and the remte areas arund Tatauine and Matmata,uique fr undergrund cities. Our jurney takes us t picturesque Berber villages and lvely beaches.
21. What can visitrs see in bth Classical Prvence and Suthern Spain?
A. Histrical mnuments.B. Fields f flwers.
C. Van Ggh’s paintings.D. Greek buildings.
22. Which cuntry is Prf. Thrp mst knwledgeable abut?
A. France.B. Spain.C. China.D. Tunisia.
23. Which f the fllwing highlight the Tunisian tur?
A. White twns.B. Undergrund cities.C. Tile-rfed villages.D. Rlling hills.
【答案】21. A 22. C 23. B
【解析】这是一篇应用文。文章主要介绍了四个国家中,那些可以让人们回顾过去的著名景点。
21.细节理解题。根据第一部分的We will visit sme f the best-preserved Rman mnuments in the wrld. (我们将参观一些世界上保存最完好的罗马建筑遗迹)和第二部分的we explre histrical mnuments and architecture.(我们探索历史遗迹和建筑)可知,在Classical Prvence 和Suthern Spain游客们可以参观历史遗迹。A. Histrical mnuments(历史遗迹)符合以上说法,故选A项。
22.推理判断题。根据第三部分的China's Sacred Landscapes (21days)(中华神山 21天)和Discver the China f ''past ages'', its walled cities, temples and muntain scenery with Prf Rbert Thrp. Highlights include China's mst sacred peaks at Munt Tai and Hangzhu's rlling hills, waterways and peaceful temples (和Rbert教授一起发现中国的过去,有墙的城市,寺庙和山景。精彩之处包括中国最神圣的泰山之巅,杭州起伏的群山,运河和宁静的寺庙)可知,去中国的神山之行总共有27天,而且Thrp对中国的名山非常了解。由此推测Thrp在这四个国家里最了解中国。C. China(中国)符合以上说法,故选C项。
23.细节理解题。根据第四部分的Tur highlights include the Rman city f Dugga, the undergrund Mumidian capital at Bulla Regia, Rman Sbeitla and the remte areas arund Taraunine and Matmata, unique fr undergrund cities.(突尼斯的旅游亮点包括罗马城市Dugga,地下城市Mumidian,它是Bulla Regia的首府,Rman Sbeitla以及在Taraunine和Matmata附近的区域,它们是独特的地下城市)可知,突尼斯的旅游亮点是地下城市。B. Undergrund cities(地下城市)符合以上说法,故选B项。
4.(2020·新课标Ⅲ)B
When “Rise f the Planet f the Apes” was first shwn t the public last mnth, a grup f excited animal activists gathered n Hllywd Bulevard. But they weren’t there t thrw red paint n fur-cat-wearing film stars. Instead, ne activist, dressed in a full-bdy mnkey suit, had arrived with a sign praising the filmmakers: “Thanks fr nt using real apes (猿)!”
The creative team behind “Apes” used mtin-capture (动作捕捉) technlgy t create digitalized animals, spending tens f millins f dllars n technlgy that I recrds an actr’s perfrmance and later prcesses it with cmputer graphics t create a final image (图像). In this case, ne f a realistic-lking ape.
Yet “Apes” is mre exceptin than the rule. In fact, Hllywd has been ht n live animals lately. One nnprfit rganizatin, which mnitrs the treatment r animals in filmed entertainment, is keeping tabs n mre than 2,000 prductins this year. Already, a number f films, including “Water fr Elephants,” “The Hangver Part Ⅱ” and “Zkeeper,” have drawn the anger f activists wh say the creatures acting in them haven’t been treated prperly.
In sme cases, it’s nt s much the treatment f the animals n set in the studi that has activists wrried; it’s the ff-set training and living cnditins that are raising cncerns. And there are questins abut the films made utside the States, which smetimes are nt mnitred as clsely as prductins filmed in the Sates.
24. Why did the animal activists gather n Hllywd Bulevard?
A. T see famus film stars.
B. T ppse wearing fur cats.
C. T raise mney fr animal prtectin.
D. T express thanks t sme filmmakers.
25. What des paragraph 2 mainly talk abut?
A. The cst f making “Apes.”
B. The creatin f digitalized apes.
C. The publicity abut “Apes.”
D. The perfrmance f real apes.
26. What des the underlined phrase “keeping tabs n” in paragraph 3 prbably mean?
A. Listing cmpletely.
B. Directing prfessinally.
C. Prmting successfully.
D. Watching carefully.
27. What can we infer frm the last paragraph abut animal actrs?
A. They may be badly treated.
B. They shuld take further training.
C. They culd be traded illegally
D. They wuld lse ppularity.
【答案】24. D 25. B 26. D 27. A
【解析】这是一篇新闻报道。短文报道了电影“猩球崛起”上个月首次与公众见面。动物爱好者聚集在好莱坞前,感谢电影制作者,在电影拍摄时,没有使用真的类人猿。现在的动物拍摄使用的是数字化人猿的创造技术,而一些电影的拍摄却存在着虐地动物的现象,这让一个非盈利的组织密切关注此事。但有些拍摄也是不能够被监测到的。
24.细节理解题。根据第一段“Instead, ne activist ,dressed in a full -bdy mnkey suit ,had arrived with a sign praising the filmmakers:“Thanks fr nt using real apes”可知,相反,一名身穿全套猴服的活动人士来到现场,手里拿着一块牌子,称赞电影制作人:“感谢你们不用真正的猿猴。所以动物保护者聚集在好莱坞大道是为了向电影制作者表示感谢。故选D项。
25.主旨大意题。根据第二段“The creative team behind "Apes" used mtin-capture (动作捕捉) technlgy t create digitalized animals, spending tens f millins f dllars n technlgy that I recrds an actr’s perfrmance and later prcesses it with cmputer graphics t create a final image (图像). ”可知,“人猿”背后的创作团队利用动作捕捉技术创造数字化的动物,在记录演员表演的技术上,花费数千万美元,然后用电脑图形处理,以产生最终的影像。由此可知,第二段主要是关于数字化人猿的创造。故选B项。
26.词句猜测题。根据第三段划线前的句子“One nnprfit rganizatin, which mnitrs the treatment r animals in filmed entertainment”(一个非营利组织,监控动物在电影娱乐中的待遇)以及下文Already, a number f films, including "Water fr Elephants," "The Hangver Part Ⅱ" and "Zkeeper," have drawn the anger f activists wh say the creatures acting in them haven’t been treated prperly.(许多电影,包括“大象的眼泪”,“宿醉Ⅱ”和“管理员”,引起了动物保护人士的愤怒,他们说影片中的动物没有遭到很好的对待。)由此可知,其中一家监控动物待遇的非营利组织,今年正密切关注着2000多部影片。由此判断出,划线词的意思是“密切关注”。故选D项。
27.推理判断题。根据最后一段In sme cases, it’s nt s much the treatment f the animals n set in the studi that has activists wrried; it’s the ff-set training and living cnditins that are raising cncerns. And there are questins abut the films made utside the States, which smetimes are nt mnitred as clsely as prductins filmed in the Sates.”(在某些情况下,让活动人士担心的并不是电影棚里对动物的待遇;让人担忧的是训练和生活条件。还有一些关于在美国以外拍摄的电影的问题,这些电影有时不像在美国拍摄的电影那样受到严密的监控。)可知,在某些情况下,让活动人士担心的并不是工作室里动物的待遇;令人担忧的是训练和生活条件。由此判断出动物演员可能受到虐待。故选A项。
5.(2020·新课标Ⅲ)C
With the yung unable t affrd t leave hme and the ld at risk f islatin(孤独), mre families are chsing t live tgether.
The drway t peace and quiet, fr Nick Bright at least, leads straight t his mther-in-law, she lives n the grund flr, while he lives upstairs with his wife and their tw daughters.
Fur years ag they all mved int a three-strey Victrian huse in Bristl - ne f a grwing number f multigeneratinal families in the UK living tgether under the same rf. They share a frnt dr and a washing machine, but Rita Whitehead has her wn kitchen, bathrm, bedrm and living rm n the grund flr.
“We flated the idea t my mum f sharing at a huse,” says Kathryn Whitehead. Rita cuts in: “We spke mre with Nick because I think it’s a big thing fr Nick t live with his mther-in-law.”
And what des Nick think? “Frm my standpint, it all seems t wrk very well. Wuld I recmmend it? Yes, I think I wuld.”
It’s hard t tell exactly hw many peple agree with him, but research indicates that the numbers have been rising fr sme time. Official reprts suggest that the number f husehlds with three generatins living tgether had risen frm 325,000 in 2002 t 419,000 in 2013.
Other varieties f multigeneratinal family are mre cmmn. Sme peple live with their elderly parents; many mre adult children are returning t the family hme, if they ever left. It is said that abut 20% f 25-34-year-lds live with their parents, cmpared with 16% in 1991.The ttal number f all multigeneratinal husehlds in Britain is thught t be abut 1.8 millin.
Stries like that are mre cmmn in parts f the wrld where multigeneratinal living is mre firmly rted. In India, particularly utside cities, yung wmen are expected t mve in with their husband’s family when they get married.
28. Wh mainly uses the grund flr in the Victrian huse in Bristl?
A. Nick.B. Rita.C. KathrynD. The daughters.
29. What is Nick’s attitude twards sharing the huse with his mther-in -law?
A. Psitive.B. Carefree.C. Tlerant.D. Unwilling.
30. What is the authr’s statement abut multigeneratinal family based n?
A. Family traditins.B. Financial reprts.C. Published statistics.D. Public pinins.
31. What is the text mainly abut?
A. Lifestyles in different cuntries.B. Cnflicts between generatins.
C. A husing prblem in Britain.D. A rising trend f living in the UK.
【答案】28. B 29. A 30. C 31. D
【解析】这是一篇新闻报道。短文报道了在英国,由于年轻人负担不起离家的费用,而老年人又面临着被孤立的风险,越来越多的家庭选择住在一起,出现了多世同堂的现象。
28.细节理解题。根据第三段“ but Rita Whitehead has her wn kitchen, bathrm, bedrm and living rm n the grund flr.”可知,但Rita在一楼有自己的厨房,浴室,卧室和客厅。由此可知,Rita 在布里斯托尔的维多利亚式住宅中使用一楼。故选B项。
29.推理判断题。根据第五段“And what des Nick think? “Frm my standpint, it all seems t wrk very well. Wuld I recmmend it? Yes, I think I wuld.”可知,尼克是怎么想的?“从我的角度来看,一切都很顺利。我推荐它吗?是的,我想我会推荐在一起居住的。”由此判断出,尼克对和和岳母合住房子的态度是积极的。故选A项。
30.细节理解题。根据第六段“ Official reprts suggest that the number f husehlds with three generatins living tgether had risen frm 325,000 in 2002 t 419,000 in 2013.”官方报告显示,三代同堂的家庭数量从2002年的32.5万户增加到2013年的41.9万户。根据第七段“It is said that abut 20% f 25-34-year-lds live with their parents, cmpared with 16% in 1991.The ttal number f all multigeneratinal husehlds in Britain is thught t be abut 1.8 millin.”可知,据说,25-34岁的年轻人中有20%和父母住在一起,而1991年这一比例为16%。据估计,英国多代同堂的家庭总数约为180万。由此可知,作者关于多世同堂家庭的论述基于发布的统计数据。故选C项。
31.主旨大意题。通读全文,尤其根据第一段“With the yung unable t affrd t leave hme and the ld at risk f islatin(孤独), mre families are chsing t live tgether.”可知,由于年轻人负担不起离家的费用,而老年人又面临着被孤立的风险,越来越多的家庭选择住在一起。所以短文主要是关于英国生活方式的一种上升趋势。故选D项。
6.(2020·山东卷)A
POETRY CHALLENGE
Write a pem abut hw curage, determinatin, and strength have helped yu face challenges in yur life.
Prizes
3 Grand Prizes:Trip t Washingtn, D.C. fr each f three winners, a parent and ne ther persn f the winner’s chice. Trip includes rund-trip air tickets, htel stay fr tw nights, and turs f the Natinal Air and Space Museum and the ffice f Natinal Gegraphic Wrld.
6 First Prizes:The bk Sky Pineer:A Phtbigraphy f Amelia Earhart signed by authr Crinne Szab and pilt Linda Finch.
50 Hnrable Mentins:Judges will chse up t 50 hnrable mentin winners, wh will each receive a T-shirt in memry f Earhart’s final flight.
Rules
Fllw all rules carefully t prevent disqualificatin.
■Write a pem using 100 wrds r fewer. Yur pem can be any frmat, any number f lines.
■Write by hand r type n a single sheet f paper. Yu may use bth the frnt and back f the paper.
■On the same sheet f paper, write r type yur name, address, telephne number, and birth date.
■Mail yur entry t us by Octber 31 this year.
1. Hw many peple can each grand prize winner take n the free trip?
A. Tw.B. Three.C. Fur.D. Six.
2. What will each f the hnrable mentin winners get?
A. A plane ticket.B. A bk by Crinne Szab.
C. A special T-shirt.D. A pht f Amelia Earhart.
3. Which f the fllwing will result in disqualificatin?
A. Typing yur pem ut.B. Writing a pem f 120 wrds.
C. Using bth sides f the paper.D. Mailing yur entry n Octber 30.
【答案】1. A 2. C 3. B
【解析】这是一篇应用文。本文是一篇诗歌大赛的征稿启事。文章就参赛作品的内容,奖项,参赛规则等做了介绍。
1.细节理解题。根据Prizes部分中第一段中的“Trip t Washingtn, D.C. fr each f three winners, a parent and ne ther persn f the winner's chice”可知,每位获奖者都可以带一名家长和另一名由获奖者选择的人员。因此,每位获奖者可以带两个人。故选A。
2.细节理解题。根据Prizes部分中第三段“50 Hnrable Mentins: Judges will chse up t 50 hnrable mentin winners, wh will each receive a T-shirt in memry f Earhart's final flight”可知,每位优秀奖获奖者都将获得一件纪念埃尔哈特最后一次飞行的T恤。故选C。
3.细节理解题。根据最后一部分中的“Fllw all rules carefully t prevent disqualificatin. Write a pem using 100 wrds r fewer”可知,所写的诗字数不能超过100字。否则,将会被取消资格。故结合选项,B选项(写一首120字的诗)是会被取消资格的。故选B。
【2019年】
1. 【2019·全国卷I,A】
Need a Jb This Summer?
The prvincial gvernment and its partners ffer many prgrams t help students find summer jbs. The deadlines and what yu need t apply depend n the prgram.
Nt a student? G t the gvernment website t learn abut prgrams and nline tls available t help peple under 30 build skills, find a jb r start businesses all year rund.
Jbs fr Yuth
If yu are a teenager living in certain parts f the prvince, yu culd be eligible(符合条件)fr this prgram. Which prvides eight weeks f paid emplyment alng with training.
Wh is eligible: Yuth 15-18 years ld in select cmmunities(社区).
Summer Cmpany
Summer Cmpany prvides students with hands-n business training and awards f up t $3,000 t start and run their wn summer businesses.
Wh is eligible: Students aged 15-29, returning t schl in the fall.
Stewardship Yuth Ranger Prgram
Yu culd apply t be a Stewardship Yuth Ranger and wrk n lcal natural resurce management prjects fr eight weeks this summer.
Wh is eligible: Students aged 16 r 17 at time f hire, but nt turning 18 befre December 31 this year.
Summer Emplyment Opprtunities(机会)
Thrugh the Summer Emplyment Opprtunities prgram, students are hired each year in a variety f summer psitins acrss the Prvincial Public Service, its related agencies and cmmunity grups.
Wh is eligible: Students aged 15 r lder. Sme psitins require students t be 15 t 24 r up t 29 fr persns with a disability.
21. What is special abut Summer Cmpany?
A. It requires n training befre emplyment.
B. It prvides awards fr running new businesses.
C. It allws ne t wrk in the natural envirnment.
D. It ffers mre summer jb pprtunities.
22. What is the age range required by Stewardship Yuth Ranger Prgram?
A. 15-18.B. 15-24.C. 15-29.D. 16-17.
23. Which prgram favrs the disabled?
A. Jbs fr Yuth.B. Summer Cmpany.
C. Stewardship Yuth Ranger Prgram.D. Summer Emplyment Opprtunities.
【语篇解读】本文为应用文。本文叙述了省政府及其合作伙伴提供了许多项目来帮助学生暑期在找到工作。
21.B 【解析】细节理解题。根据Summer Cmpany部分中的“Summer Cmpany prvides students with f up t $3,000 t start and run their wn summer businesses” 可知“Summer Cmpany为学生提供高达3000美元的奖励,来开始和经营他们自己的暑期业务”。“start and run their wn summer businesses”即“为开办新的业务”,这对应B项中的“runn new businesses”,二者是词义之间的转述关系。故选B。
22.D 【解析】细节理解题。根据Stewardship Yuth Ranger Prgram部分中的第二段“Wh is eligible: Students aged 16 r 17 at time f hire, but nt turning 18 befre December 31 this year.”可知“符合条件的学生:16岁或17岁的学生,但在今年12月31日之前未满18岁”。由此得出,这个项目要求年龄在16-17岁之间。分析选项可知D项符合题意,故选D。
23.D 【解析】细节理解题。根据Summer Emplyment Opprtunities部分中的最后一段最后一句“Wh is eligible: psitins require students t be 15t 24 r up t 29 fr persns with a disability”,可知Summer Emplyment Opprtunities有些职位是给残疾人的。分析选项可知,D项符合题意,故选D。
2. 【2019·全国卷II,A】
My Favurite Bks
J Usmar is a writer fr Csmplitan and c-authr f the This Bk Will series(系列)f lifestyle bks. Here she picks her tp reads.
Matilda
Rald Dahl
I nce wrte a paper n the influence f fairy tales n Rald Dahl's writing and it gave me a new appreciatin fr his strange and delightful wrds. Matilda's battles with her cruel me parents and the bssy headmisres,Miss Trunchbull,are equally fumy and frightening,but they're als aspiratinal.
After Dark
Haruki Murakami
It’s abut tw sisters-Eri,a mdel wh either wn’t r can’t stp sleeping,and Mari, a yung student . In trying t cnnect t her sister. Mari starts changing her life and discvers a wrld f diverse ”night peple” wh are hiding secrets.
Gne Girl
Gillian Fynn
There was a bit f me that didn't want t lve this when everyne else n the planet did but the hrrr stry is brilliant. There's tensin and anxiety frm the beginning as Nick and Amy battle fr yur trust. It's a real whdunit and the frustratin when yu realise what's ging n is hrribly enjyable
The Stand
Stephen King
This is an excellent fantasy nvel frm ne f the best strytellers arund. After a serius flu utbreak wipes ut 99.4% f the wrld's ppulatin, a battle unflds between gd and evil amng thse let. Randall Flagg is ne f the scariest characters ever.
21. Wh des "I" refer t in the text?
A. Stephen King.B. Gillian Flynn.
C. J Usmar.D. Rald Dahl
22. Which f the fllwing tells abut Mari and Eri?
A. Csmplitan.B. Matilda.
C. After Dark.D. The Stand.
23. What kind f bk is Gne Girl?)
A. A flk tale.B. A bigraphy.
C. A lve stry.D. A hrrr stry.
【语篇解读】 这是一篇应用文。短文介绍了作家J Usmar最喜欢的书籍。
21.C 【解析】细节理解题。由Matilda中的“I nce wrte a paper n the influence f fairy tales n Rald Dahl’s writing and it gave me a new appreciatin fr his strange and delightful wrds”可知,我曾经写过一篇关于童话故事对罗尔德·达尔写作有影响的论文,这篇论文让我对他奇怪而有趣的文字有了新的认识。所以J Usmar在介绍Matilda这本书,用第一人称“I”口吻来说明自己曾经写过一篇关于童话故事对罗尔德·达尔写作有影响的论文。所以“I”指的是J Usmar。故C选项正确。
22.C 【解析】细节理解题。由After Dark中的“It’s abut tw sister-Eri,a mdel wh either wn’t r can’t stp sleeping, and Mari,a yung student”可知,故事讲的是两个姐妹---Eri是一个突然一觉不醒的模特。玛丽,是一个充满青春活力的学生。所以After Dark中讲述了Eri和Mari的故事。故C选项正确。
23.C 【解析】细节理解题。由Gne Girl中的“ the hrrr stry is brilliant”可知,但是这个恐怖的故事很精彩。所以Gne Girl讲述的是一个恐怖故事。故D选项正确。
3. 【2019·全国卷III,A】
OPENINGS AND PREVIEWS
Animals Out f Paper
Yl!Prductins and the Great Griffn present the play by Rajiv Jseph,in which an rigami(折纸术)artist invites a teenage talent and his teacher int her studi. Merri Milwe directs. In previews. Opens Feb.12.(West Park Presbyterian Church,165 W.86th St.212-868-4444.)
The Audience
Helen Mirren stars in the play by Peter Mrgan,abut Queen Elizabeth II f the UK and her private meetings with twelve Prime Ministers in the curse f sixty years. Stephen Daldry directs. Als starring Dylan Baker and Judith Ivey. Previews begin Feb.14.(Schenfeld,236 W.45th St.212-239-6200.)
Hamiltn
Lin-Manuel Miranda wrte this musical abut Alexander Hamiltn,in which the birth f America is presented as an immigrant stry. Thmas Kail directs. In previews. Opens Feb.17.(Public,425 Lafayette St.212-967-7555.)
On the Twentieth Century
Kristin Chenweth and Peter Gallagher star in the musical cmedy by Betty Cmden and Adlph Green,abut a Bradway prducer wh tries t win a mvie star's lve during a crss-cuntry train jurney. Sctt Ellis directs,fr Rundabut Theatre Cmpany. Previews begin Feb.12.(American Airlines Theatre,227 W.42nd St.212-719-1300.)
21. What is the play by Rajiv Jseph prbably abut?.
A. A type f art.B. A teenager's studi.
C. A great teacher.D. A grup f animals.
22. Wh is the directr f The Audience?
A. Helen Mirren.B. Peter Mrgan.
C. Dylan Baker.D. Stephen Daldry.
23. Which play will yu g t if yu are interested in American histry?
A. Animals Out f Paper.B. The Audience.
C. Hamiltn.D. On the Twentieth Century.
【语篇解读】这是一篇应用文。这篇文章对一些话剧的开幕和新剧首映进行了介绍。
21.A 【解析】细节理解题。根据话剧Animals Out f Paper的Prductins and the Great Griffn present the play by Rajiv Jseph, in which an rigami artist invites a teenage talent and his teacher int her studi.可知,Rajiv Jseph创作的的话剧是关于折纸的一种艺术。故选A。
22.D 【解析】细节理解题。根据话剧The Audience的Stephen Daldry directs.可知,本剧是Stephen Daldry导演的。故选D。
23.C 【解析】细节理解题。根据话剧Hamiltn 的Li-Manuel Miranda wrte this musical abut Alexander Hamiltn in which the birth f America is presented as an immigrant stry.可知,话剧Hamiltn的主题是美国的诞生,由此可知,如果你对美国历史感兴趣,你可以看这部话剧。故选C。
4. 【2019·北京卷,A】
Want t explre new cultures,meet new peple and d smething wrthwhile at the same time? Yu can d all the three with Glbal Develpment Assciatin(GDA).Whatever stage f life yu're at,wherever yu g and whatever prject yu d in GDA,yu'll create psitive changes in a pr and remte cmmunity(社区).
We wrk with vlunteers f all ages and backgrunds. Mst f ur vlunteers are aged 17-24.Nw we need vlunteer managers aged 25-75.They are extremely imprtant in the safe and effective running f ur prgrammes. We have such rles as prject managers,muntain leaders,and cmmunicatin fficers.
Depending n which rle yu chse,yu culd help t increase a cmmunity's access t safe drinking water,r help t prtect valuable lcal cultures. Yu might als design an adventure challenge t train yung vlunteers.
Nt nly will yu help ur yung vlunteers t develp persnally,yu'll als learn new skills and increase yur cultural awareness. Yu may have chances t meet new peple wh'll becme yur lifelng friends.
This summer we have bth 4-week and 7-week prgrammes:
GDA ensures that vlunteers wrk with cmmunity members and lcal prject partners where ur help is needed. All ur prjects aim t prmte the develpment f pr and remte cmmunities.
There is n ther chance like a GDA prgramme. Jin us as a vlunteer manager t develp yur wn skills while bringing benefits t the cmmunities.
Find ut mre abut jining a GDA prgramme:
Website:wwwgldeve.rg
Email:humanresurces@gldeve.rg
31. What is the main respnsibility f vlunteer managers?
A. T seek lcal partnersB. T take in yung vlunteers
C. T carry ut prgrammesD. T fster cultural awareness
32. The prgramme beginning in August will perate in__________.
A. EgyptB. AlgeriaC. KenyaD. Suth Afria
33. The shared gal f GDA’s prjects t __________.
A. explre new culturesB. prtect the envirnment
C. gain crprate benefitD. help cmmunities in need
【语篇解读】这是一篇应用文,这是一篇招聘志愿者的广告。
31. C 【解析】细节理解题。题干问管理人员的主要职责是什么。根据第三段中Depending n which rle yu chse, yu culd help t increase ...,r help t might als design...可知,根据岗位不同,管理人员可以帮助增加小区的饮用水,可以规划地方文化,可以设计挑战项目培训年轻的志愿者,从这些内容上可以判断出其主要职责是执行项目计划。故选C。
32. D 【解析】细节理解题。题干问八月份开始的这个项目将在哪里开展。根据这个表格中4-week prgrammes中的最后一个,可知答案选D。
33. D 【解析】细节理解题。题干问GDA的所有项目的共同目的是什么。根据倒数第二段中All ur prjects aim t prmte the develpment f pr and remte cmmunities可知,其目标就是促进偏远贫穷区域的发展,即帮助有需要的小区。故选D。
5. 【2019·天津卷,A】
Histry Fair Cmpetitin
Understanding histry is vital t understanding urselves as a peple and as a natin.
Histry is much mre than the study f dusty ld bjects and events lng past. It is an essential part f wh we are tday and wh we will becme. Thrntn fiddle Schl Histry Fair Cmpetitin makes understanding histry exciting,engaging,and fun!
This Year's Theme
All participants must address hw cmmunicatin r transprtatin technlgy has prmted the quality f life fr Americans thrughut histry. T many peple,technlgy means cmputers,hand-held devices,r vehicles that travel t distant planets. Hwever,technlgy is als the applicatin f scientific knwledge t slve a prblem,tuching lives in cuntless ways.
Individuals r grups may enter ne f the fllwing categries:
·Perfrmance
·Dcumentary(纪实作品)
·Essay Writing
Categry Requirements
Perfrmance: A dramatic presentatin f the tpic n mre than 10 minutes lng. If special clthes are used,they shuld truly represent a given perid.
Dcumentary: A visual presentatin(such as a vide,slide shw,r cmputer prject)n mre than 10 minutes lng. A desktp cmputer,screen,prjectr,and ludspeakers will be available. Students must prvide their presentatins n CDs befre Friday,March 23.
Essay Writing: An academic paper f 2,000 t 2,500 wrds. N illustratins(图解)are allwed. Please d nt include cvers. A list f references must be included.
Imprtant Dates
January 5 Submit a tpic prpsal t yur histry teacher. The teacher may require a secnd prpsal if the first is ff-tpic r unclear.
February 5 Submit a first draft f yur essay,perfrmance script(剧本),r dcumentary highlights.
February 19 A cmmittee f teachers will evaluate materials and give pinins. Students then have an pprtunity t imprve their prducts.
March 9 Submit a final draft f yur essay.
March 15 Perfrmance and dcumentary cmmittee preview
March 24 Thrntn Middle Schl Histry Fair Cmpetitin
7:00A. M-9:00A. M Participants signing in at the gym
10:00A. M. -6:00PM. Cmpetitin and judges' review
7:00P.M. Awards ceremny and picnic
36. Accrding t Paragraph 1,what is the majr gal f understanding histry?
A. T preserve natinal traditins.
B. T prepare fr a histry cmpetitin.
C. T better knw the present and future.
D. T further explre histrical mysteries.
37. What is the theme f this year's cmpetitin?
A. Technlgy advances science.
B. Science interacts with technlgy.
C. Science has made the study f histry easy.
D. Technlgy has imprved the life f Americans.
38. Amng the items prvided by the schl fr a visual presentatin are__________
A. special clthes and a screen
B. a desktp cmputer and a CD
C. a prjectr and special clthes
D. a desktp cmputer and ludspeakers
39. What wuld a participant have t d with an essay f 1,500 wrds t meet the categry requirement?
A. Include mre infrmatin in the essay.
B. Remve the references.
C. Prvide a cver fr the essay.
D. Explain the details with illustratins.
40. What will the cmmittee f teachers d n February 19?
A. Preview perfrmances and dcumentaries.
B. Make cmments n the materials.
C. Imprve the participant's first draft.
D. Cllect a secnd prpsal frm the participant.
【语篇解读】这是一篇应用文。短文介绍了桑顿中学举办的历史展览竞赛的相关信息。
36. C 【解析】细节理解题。由第一段“It is an essential part f wh we are tday and wh we will becme”可知,历史告诉了今天我们是谁,将来我们要成为谁,它是我们重要的组成部分。所以根据第一段,了解历史的主要目地是更好地了解现在和未来。故C选项正确。
37. D 【解析】细节理解题。由This Year’s Theme中的“All participants must address hw cmmunicatin r transprtatin technlgy has prmted the quality f life fr Americans thrughut histry ”可知,所有的参与者都必须要说明通信或运输技术如何在整个历史过程中如何提高了美国人的生活质量。所以今年竞赛的主题是:技术提高了美国人的生活。故D选项正确。
38. D 【解析】细节理解题。由Dcumentary中的“A desktp cmputer, screen, prjectr, and ludspeaker will be available”可知,将提供台式电脑,屏幕,投影仪和扬声器。所以学校提供的视觉展示设备包括台式电脑和扩音器。故D选项正确。
39. A【解析】细节理解题。本题采用排除法。由Essay Writing 中的“An academic paper f 2,000 t 2,5000 wrds ”N illustratin are allwed。Please d nt include cvers. A list f references must be included”可知,要求一份2000至25000字的学术论文。不允许有插图。请不要包括封面。必须包括一份参考文献列表。所以通过排除法,可以看出B,C,D选项都被排除,故一个参与者需要在文章中列入更多的信息才能使一篇1500字的论文满足类别要求。故A选项正确。
40. B 【解析】细节理解题。由Imprtant Dates中的“February 19 A cmmittee f teachers will evaluate materials and give pinins ”可知,2月19日,教师委员会将对材料进行评估并发表意见。所以在2月19日。教师委员会将对材料做出评论。故B选项正确。
6. 【2019·江苏卷,A】
56. If yu want t take an undergrund jurney, which place is the best chice?
A. Ple's Caven.B. Pavilin Gardens.
C. Buxtn Museum.D. Green Man Gallery.
57. Buxtn Open Huse & Pavilin Arts Centre is special because it ffers ________.
A. rides in small trainsB. curses in mdern arts
C. artistic and cultural activitiesD. basic curses in hrse riding
【语篇解读】这是一篇说应用文。短文向游客介绍了去布克斯顿旅游可以去的一些景点的相关信息。
56.A 【解析】细节理解题。由High energy中的“ jurney beneath the earth at Ple's Cavern”可知,在 Ple's Cavern,可以在地下旅行,也就是乘坐地铁旅行。所以如果你想乘地铁旅行,Ple's Cavern是你最好的选择。故A选项正确。
57.C 【解析】细节理解题。由High minded中的“Buxtn is justifiably prud f it’s cultural life and yu will find much t suit all tastes with art ,music,pera,and the perfrming arts at Buxtn Opera Huse&Pavilin Arts Center and Green Man Gallery”可知,Buxtn 以其丰富的文化生活而自豪,在Buxtn Opera Huse&Pavilin Arts Center and Green Man Gallery,您将发现许多适合各种品味的艺术,音乐,歌剧和表演艺术。所以Buxtn Opera Huse&Pavilin Arts Center特别是因为它提供艺术和文化活动。故C选项正确。
【2018年】
1. 【2018·全国卷I,A】
Washingtn, D.C. Bicycle Turs
Cherry Blssm Bike Tur in Washingtn, D.C.
Duratin: 3 hurs
This small grup bike tur is a fantastic way t see the wrld-famus cherry trees with beautiful flwers f Washingtn, D.C. Yur guide will prvide a histry lessn abut the trees and the famus mnuments where they blssm. Reserve yur spt befre availability – and the cherry blssms – disappear!
Washingtn Capital Mnuments Bicycle Tur
Duratin: 3 hurs (4 miles)
Jin a guided bike tur and view sme f the mst ppular mnuments in Washingtn, D.C. Explre the mnuments and memrials n the Natinal Mall as yur guide shares unique facts and histry at each stp. Guided tur includes bike, helmet, ckies and bttled water.
Capital City Bike Tur in Washingtn, D.C.
Duratin: 3 hurs
Mrning r Afternn, this bike tur is the perfect tur fr D.C. newcmers and lcals lking t experience Washingtn, D.C. in a healthy way with minimum effrt. Knwledgeable guides will entertain yu with the mst interesting stries abut Presidents, Cngress, memrials, and parks. Cmfrtable bikes and a smth tur rute (路线) make cycling between the sites fun and relaxing.
Washingtn Capital Sites at Night Bicycle Tur
Duratin: 3 hurs (7 miles)
Jin a small grup bike tur fr an evening f explratin in the heart f Washingtn, D.C. Get up clse t the mnuments and memrials as yu bike the sites f Capitl Hill and the Natinal Mall. Frequent stps are made fr pht taking as yur guide ffers unique facts and histry. Tur includes bike, helmet, and bttled water. All riders are equipped with reflective vests and safety lights.
21. Which tur d yu need t bk in advance?
A. Cherry Blssm Bike Tur in Washingtn, D.C.
B. Washingtn Capital Mnuments Bicycle Tur.
C. Capital City Bike Tur in Washingtn, D.C.
D. Washingtn Capital Sites at Night Bicycle Tur.
22. What will yu d n the Capital City Bike Tur?
A. Meet famus peple.B. G t a natinal park.
C. Visit well-knwn museums.D. Enjy interesting stries.
23. Which f the fllwing des the bicycle tur at night prvide?
A. City maps.B. Cameras.
C. Meals.D. Safety lights.
【文章大意】本文是一篇广告应用文。文章介绍了骑自行车到Washingtn, D.C.旅游的四种路线的相关行程及注意事项。
21. A 【解析】细节理解题。根据文章Cherry Blssm Bike Tur in Washingtn, D.C.中的Reserve yur spt befre availability可知,这个骑行项目需要提前预约。故选A。
22.D 【解析】细节理解题。根据文章Capital City Bike Tur in Washingtn, D.C.中的Knwledgeable guides will entertain yu with the mst interesting stries abut Presidents, Cngress, memrials, and parks.可知,在这个活动中,你可以享受有趣的故事。故选D。
23.D 【解析】细节理解题。根据文章Washingtn Capital Sites at Night Bicycle Tur中的All riders are equipped with reflective vests and safety lights.可知,所有骑行者都要装备反光背心和安全手电筒。故选D。
2. 【2018·全国卷II,A】
Summer Activities
Students shuld read the list with their parents/careers, and select tw activities they wuld like t d. Frms will be available in schl and nline fr them t indicate their chices and return t schl. Befre chices are finalised, parents/careers will be asked t sign t cnfirm their child’s chices.
21. Which activity will yu chse if yu want t g camping?
A. OUT. B. WBP. C. CRF. D. POT.
22. What will the students d n Tuesday with Mrs. Wilsn?
A. Travel t Lndn.
B. See a parade and firewrks.
C. Tur central Paris.
D. Visit the WWI battlefields.
23. Hw lng des Ptty abut Ptter last?
A. Tw days. B. Fur days.
C. Five days. D. One week.
【语篇解读】本文是一篇广告布告类说明文。文中讲述了家长和孩子一起挑选可以参加的活动。文中分别对这些活动的名称,活动内容,活动特色和活动组织工作人员还有活动的价格进行了详细的描述。
21.A 【解析】细节理解题。根据题干中的g camping,我们可以迅速浏览到第一个活动当中的wild camping (野外露营)这个关键信息。故选A。
22.D 【解析】细节理解题。 根据题干中的with Wilsn,我们锁定在第二个活动;根据On Mnday we travel t Lndn. After staying vernight in Lndn, we travel n Day 2 t nrthern France t visit the Wrld War I battlefields.可知,星期一是去伦敦并在伦敦住一夜,第二天也就是星期二到法国北部参观一站战场。故选D 。
23.A 【解析】细节理解题。根据题干中的信息Ptty abut Ptter last我们从最后一种活动来寻找答案。关键信息vernight意为“一夜的逗留”。故这个活动是持续两天。故选A。
3. 【2018·全国卷III,A】
Welcme t Hlker Hall & Gardens
Visitr Infrmatin
Hw t Get t Hlker
By Car: Fllw brwn signs n A590 frm J36, M6. Apprximate travel times: Windermere-20 minutes, Kendal-25 minutes, Lancaster-45 minutes, Manchester-1 hur 30 minutes.
By Rail: The nearest statin is Cark-in-Cartmel with trains t Carnfrth, Lancaster and Prestn fr cnnectins t majr cities & airprts.
Opening Times
Sunday-Friday (clsed n Saturday)11:00 am-4:00pm, 30th March-2nd Nvember.
Admissin Charges
Hall & GardensGardens
Adults:£12.00£8.00
Grups:£9.00£5.50
Special Events
Prducers’ Market 13th April
Jin us t taste a variety f fresh lcal fd and drinks. Meet the prducers and get sme excellent recipe ideas.
Hlker Garden Festival 30th May
The event celebrates its 22nd anniversary with a great shw f the very best f gardening, making it ne f the mst ppular events in gardening.
Natinal Garden Day 28th August
Hlker nce again pens its gardens in aid f the disadvantaged. Fr just a small dnatin yu can take a tur with ur garden guide.
Winter Market 8th Nvember
This is an event fr all the family. Wander amng a variety f shps selling gifs while enjying a live music shw and nice street entertainment.
21. Hw lng des it prbably take a turist t drive t Hlker frm Manchester?
A.20 minutes.B.25 minutes.C.45 minutes.D.90 minutes.
22.Hw much shuld a member f a tur grup pay t visit t Hall & Gardens?
A.£l2.00.B. £9.00.C. £8.00.D. £5.50.
23.Which event will yu g t if yu want t see a live music shw?
A. Prducers’ Market.B. Hlker Garden Festival.
C. Natinal Garden Day.D. Winter Market.
【文章大意】文章为旅游指南。文章主要介绍了去Hlker Hall& Garden 旅游的相关信息,如:出行方式,开放时间,旅行费用以及主要活动等。
21.D 【解析】细节理解题。根据第一段Hw t Get t Hlker中By car里Apprximate travel times后面内容可知,从Manchester到Hlker要用1 hur and 30 minutes,即90分钟,故选D。
22.B 【解析】细节理解题。根据Admissin Charges可知,团体中的一员去Hall & Gardens 需要支付9英镑。故选B。
23.D 【解析】细节理解题。根据文章最后一段Winter Market中最后一句Wander amng a variety f shps selling gifts while enjying a live music shw and nice street entertainment.可知,如果想去看现场表演需要去Winter Market。故选D。
4. 【2018·天津卷,A】
Fire Preventin Infrmatin
The University f Adelaide emplys a full-time staff f fire preventin prfessinals. They inspect all campus buildings and test and maintain all sprinkler(喷水灭火装置) systems, fire alarms, and fire extinguishers (灭火器). They als prvide educatinal prgrams n fire safety in the residence halls. Whenever yu mve t a new area, yu shuld lcate the fire alarm pull statins and the tw exits nearest yur rm.
Fire Alarms
The flrs f all campus buildings are equipped with manual(手动的) fire alarm systems which include fire alarm pull statins and pipes. Mst are als equipped with autmatic fire alarm systems cnsisting f heat detectrs, smke detectrs and sprinklers. Fr yur safety, never tamper with(胡乱摆弄) these systems. False fire alarms are illegal and may lead t imprisnment.
Fire Drills
A fire drill will be cnducted in yur residence hall every semester. During a fire drill, please d the fllwing:
·Take yur rm key and ID, clse and lck the dr t yur rm.
·Exit immediately frm the nearest emergency exit; d nt use a lift.
·Meet utside f yur residence hall and wait fr further instructins.
Fire Extinguishers
Fire extinguishers are lcated n each flr and in each apartment. Use a fire extinguisher nly if yu have been trained t d s. Irrespnsible use f a fire extinguisher can create a dangerus situatin fr ther residents and culd result in damage t persnal prperty. Misuse f a fire extinguisher will result in fines.
Smke Detectrs
A smke detectr is n the ceiling in yur rm. Sme buildings als have heat detectrs n the ceilings. D the fllwing t ensure the safe peratin f yur smke detectr:
●If yur smke detectr is wrking prperly, the red light shuld be n. If the red light is nt blinking(闪动), cntact residence hall staff immediately.
●D nt cver r blck yur smke detectr in any way.
●If a smke detectr sets ff an alarm and there is n fire r smke, infrm yur hall staff.
36. What is the main duty f the fire preventin prfessinals?
A. T prvide part-time jbs fr students.
B. T lead the students t the nearest exits.
C. T check and maintain fire preventin equipment.
D. T train teachers t be fire preventin prfessinals.
37. What d the autmatic fire alarm systems include?
A. Pipes and smke detectrs.
B. Smke detectrs and sprinklers.
C. Fire alarm pull statins and pipes.
D. Sprinklers and fire alarm pull statins.
38. In a fire drill, the students shuld ___________.
A. rush quickly t a lift
B. gather at the nearest exit
C. shut the dr and leave at nce
D. wait fr instructins in the hall
39. What d we knw abut the use f fire extinguishers?
A. Using them wrngly results in punishment.
B. Irrespnsible use f them can damage them.
C. Imprper use f them can destry the apartment.
D. Using them withut a trainer present is frbidden.
40. T ensure the safe peratin f the smke detectr, ne shuld_________.
A. cntact the hall staff regularly
B. cver the things that burn easily
C. start the smke detectr in a fire
D. make certain the red light is wrking
【答案】36. C 37. B 38. C 39. A 40. D
【文章大意】本文是一篇说明文。文章主要从火警,消防训练,灭火器和烟雾探测器的使用等方面介绍了一些防火信息。
36.C 【解析】细节理解题。根据文章第一段They inspect all campus buildings and test and maintain all sprinkler(喷水灭火装置)systems fire alarms and fire extinguishers (灭火器).可知,专职消防人员主要职责是检查,测试和维护所有的校园建筑物防火装备。故选C。
37.B 【解析】细节理解题。根据文章Fire Alarms中的句子Mst are als equipped with autmatic fire alarm systems cnsisting heat detectrs, smke detectrs and sprinklers.可知,火灾自动报警系统由热探测器,烟雾探测器和喷头组成。故选B。
38.C 【解析】细节理解题。根据文章Fire Drills中的句子Take yur rm key and ID, clse and lck the dr t yur rm.和Exit immediately frm the nearest emergency exit d nt use a lift.可知,在消防演习中,学生锁好门并立即从最近的紧急出口离开。故选C。
39.A 【解析】细节理解题。根据文章Fire Extinguishers中的句子Misuse f a fire extinguisher will result in fines.可知,误用灭火器会导致罚款。故选A。
40.D 【解析】细节理解题。根据文章Smke Detectr中的句子If yur smke detectr is wrking prperly, the red light shuld be n. If the red light is nt blinking(闪动),cntact residence hall staff immediately.可知,烟雾探测器是否安全运行,看红灯是否闪动。故选D。
5. 【2018·江苏卷,A】
The Metrplitan Museum f Art
1000 Fifth Avenue New Yrk, NY 10028
211-535-7710
Entrances
Fifth Avenue at 82nd Street
Hurs
Open 7 days a week.
Sunday-Thursday 10:00-17:30
Friday and Saturday 10:00-21:00
Clsed Thanksgiving Day, December 25, January 1, and the first Mnday in May.
Admissin
$25.00 recmmended fr adults, $12.00 recmmended fr students, includes the Main Building and The Clisters(回廊)n the same day; free fr children under 12 with an adult.
Free with Admissin
All special exhibitins, as well as films, lectures, guided turs, cncerts, gallery talks, and family/children's prgrams are free with admissin.
Ask abut tday's activities at the Great Hall Infrmatin Desk.
The Clisters Museum and Gardens
The Clisters museum and gardens is a branch f The Metrplitan Museum f Art devted t the art and architecture f Eurpe in the Middle Ages. The extensive cllectin cnsists f masterwrks in sculpture, clred glass, and precius bjects frm Eurpe dating frm abut the 9th t the 15th century.
Hurs: Open 7 days a week.
March-Octber 10:00-17:15
Nvember-February 10:00-16:45
Clsed Thanksgiving Day, December 25, and January 1.
56. Hw much may they pay if an 11-year-ld girl and her wrking parents visit the museum?
A. $12. B. $37.C. $ 50. D. $ 62
57. The attractin f the Clisters museum and gardens lies in the fact that ________.
A. it pens all the year rund
B. its cllectins date frm the Middle Ages
C. it has a mdern Eurpean-style garden
D. it sells excellent Eurpean glass cllectins
【文章大意】本文为旅游指南。文章主要介绍了The Metrplitan Museum f Art 的地理位置,开放时间,门票收取,展出内容以及分馆The Clisters Museum and Gardens的相关情况。
56.C 【解析】数字计算题。根据admissin 部分$25 recmmended fr adults,$12recmmended fr students,free fr children under 12 with an adult 可知11岁的女孩和她父母去参观博物馆只需付两个成人的票价即25×2=50,故答案为C。
57. B 【解析】细节理解题。根据文章The Clisters Museum and Gardens 部分the extensive cllectin cnsists f masterwrks in sculpture, clred glass, and precius bjects frm Eurpe dating frm abut the 9th t the 15th century.可以得知,The Clisters Museum and Gardens的吸引人的地方在于它的中古时期的收藏品,故选B。
6. 【2018·北京卷,B】
Find Yur Adventure at the Space and Aviatin(航空) Center
If yu’re lking fr a unique adventure, the Space and Aviatin Center (SAC) is the place t be. The Center ffers prgrams designed t challenge and inspire with hands-n tasks and lts f fun.
Mre than 750,000 have graduated frm SAC, with many seeking emplyment in engineering, aviatin, educatin, medicine and a wide variety f ther prfessins. They cme t camp, wanting t knw what it is like t be an astrnaut r a pilt, and they leave with real-wrld applicatins fr what they’re studying in the classrm.
Fr the trainees, the prgrams als ffer a great way t earn merit badges(荣誉徽章). At Space Camp, trainees can earn their Space Explratin badge as they build and fire mdel rckets, learn abut space tasks and try simulated(模拟) flying t space with the crew frm all ver the wrld. The Aviatin Challenge prgram gives trainees the chance t earn their Aviatin badge. They learn the principles f flight and test their perating skills in the cckpit(驾驶舱) f a variety f flight simulatrs. Trainees als get a gd start n their Wilderness Survival badge as they learn abut water- and land-survival thrugh designed tasks and their search and rescue f "dwned" pilt.
With all the prgrams, teamwrk is key as trainees learn the imprtance f leadership and being part f a bigger task.
All this fun is available fr ages 9 t 18. Families can enjy the experience tgether, t, with Family Camp prgrams fr families with children as yung as 7.
Stay an hur r stay a week — there is smething here fr everyne!
Fr mre details, please visit us nline at www. ursac. cm.
40. Why d peple cme t SAC?
A. T experience adventures.
B. T lk fr jbs in aviatin.
C. T get a degree in engineering.
D. T learn mre abut medicine.
41. T earn a Space Explratin badge, a trainee needs t .
A. fly t space
B. get an Aviatin badge first
C. study the principles f flight
D. build and fire mdel rckets
42. What is the mst imprtant fr trainees?
A. Leadership. B. Team spirit.
C. Task planning. D. Survival skills.
【文章大意】本文为说明文。文章主要介绍了宇航中心培训项目简介,命题时从读者的真实需求出发,着重考查培训项目的相关内容和特点。激发考生的航天梦想,探险精神和团队合作精神。。
40.A 【解析】细节理解题。根据文章第一段第一句If yu’re lking fr a unique adventure, the Space and Aviatin Center (SAC) is the place t be. 可知,人们来SAC是为了寻找与众不同的冒险体验,故选A。
41.D 【解析】细节理解题。根据文章第三段At Space Camp, trainees can earn their Space Explratin badge as they build and fire mdel rckets, learn abut space tasks and try simulated(模拟) flying t space with the crew frm all ver the wrld. 可知,要想获得太空探险徽章需要建造和发射火箭模型,学习空间任务,尝试与飞行员模拟太空飞行等,故选D。
42.B 【解析】细节理解题。根据文章第四段With all the prgrams, teamwrk is key as trainees learn the imprtance f leadership and being part f a bigger task. 可知,对于受训者来说,团队合作是关键,故团队精神是最重要的,故选B。
【2017年】
1. 【2017·全国卷I,A】
Pacific Science Center Guide
◆Visit Pacific Science Center’s Stre
Dn’t frget t stp by Pacific Science Center’s Stre while yu are here t pick up a wnderful science activity r suvenir t remember yur visit. The stre is lcated(位于) upstairs in Building 3 right next t the Laser Dme.
◆Hungry?
Our exhibits will feed yur mind, but what abut yur bdy? Our café ffers a cmplete menu f lunch and snack ptins, in additin t seasnal specials. The café is lcated upstairs in Building 1 and is pen daily until ne hur Pacific Science Center clses.
◆Rental Infrmatin
Lckers are available t stre any belngings during yur visit. The lckers are lcated in Building 1 near the Infrmatin Desk and in Building 3. Pushchairs and wheelchairs are available t rent at the Infrmatin Desk and Denny Way entrance. ID required.
◆Supprt Pacific Science Center
Since 1962, Pacific Science Center has been inspiring a passin(热情) fr discvery and lifelng learning in science, math and technlgy. Tday, Pacific Science Center serves mre than 1.3 millin peple a year and brings inquiry-based science educatin t classrms and cmmunity events all ver Washingtn State. It’s an amazing accmplishment and ne we cannt achieve withut generus supprt frm individuals, crpratins, and ther scial rganizatins. Visit pacificsciencecenter.rg t find varius ways yu can supprt Pacific Science Center.
21. Where can yu buy a suvenir at Pacific Science Center?
A. In Building 1.
B. In Building 3.
C. At the Laser Dme.
D. At the Denny Way entrance.
22. What des Pacific Science Center d fr schls?
A. Train science teachers.
B. Distribute science bks.
C. Inspire scientific research.
D. Take science t the classrm.
23. What is the purpse f the last part f the text?
A. T encurage dnatins.
B. T advertise cming events.
C. T intrduce special exhibits.
D. T tell abut the Center’s histry.
【文章大意】本文主要从购物点,就餐点,租借服务三方面介绍了Pacific Science Center,并展示了Pacific Science Center为人们做的贡献,呼吁人们的支持。
21. B 细节理解题。根据第一段中的The stre is lcated(位于) upstairs in Building 3 right next t the Laser Dme.可知Pacific Science Center的购物点在Laser Dme旁边的3号楼的楼上。故选B。
22. D 细节理解题。根据第四段中的Tday, Pacific Science Center serves mre than 1.3 millin peple a year and brings inquiry-based science educatin t classrms and cmmunity events all ver Washingtn State可知现在Pacific Science Center每年向130多万人提供服务,并开始把科学教育带到教室。故选D。
23. A 目的意图题。根据文章最后一段中的Visit pacificsciencecenter.rg t find varius ways yu can supprt Pacific Science Center.可知作者呼吁读者支持Pacific Science Center,也就是鼓励人们为之提供帮助,做贡献。故选A。
2. 【2017·全国卷II,A】
In the cming mnths, we are bringing tgether artists frm all ver the glbe, t enjy speaking Shakespeare’s plays in their wn language, in ur Glbe, within the architecture Shakespeare wrte fr. Please cme and jin us.
Natinal Theatre f China Beijing | Chinese
This great ccasin(盛会)will be the Natinal Theatre f China’s first visit t the UK. The cmpany’s prductins shw the new face f 21st century Chinese theatre. This prductin f Shakespeare’s Richard Ⅲ will be directed by the Natinal’s Assciate Directr, Wang Xiaying.
Date & Time: Saturday 28 April, 2.30pm & Sunday 29 April, 1.30pm & 6.30pm
Marjanishvili Theatre Tbilisi | Gergian
One f the mst famus theatres in Gergia,the Marjanishvili,funded in 1928, appears regularly at theatre festivals all ver the wrld. This new prductin f As Yu Like It is helmed(指导) by the cmpany’s Artistic Directr Levan Tsuladze.
Date & Time: Friday 18 May, 2.30pm & Saturday 19 May, 7.30pm
Deafinitely Theatre Lndn | British Sign Language(BSL)
By translating the rich and humurus text f Lve’s Labur’s Lst int the physical language f BSL, Deafinitely Theatre creates a new interpretatin f Shakespeare’s cmedy and aims t build a bridge between deaf and hearing wrlds by perfrming t bth grups as ne audience.
Date & Time: Tuesday 22 May, 2.30pm & Wednesday 23 May,7.30pm
Habima Natinal Theatre Tel Aviv | Hebrew
The Habima is the centre f Hebrew-language theatre wrldwide. Funded in Mscw after the 1905 revlutin, the cmpany eventually settled in Tel Aviv in the late 1920s. Since 1958, they have been recgnised as the natinal theatre f Israel. This prductin f Shakespeare’s The Merchant f Venice marks their first visit t the UK.
Date & Time: Mnday 28 May, 7.30pm & Tuesday 29 May, 7.30pm
21. Which play will be perfrmed by the Natinal Theatre f China?
A. Richard Ⅲ.B. Lve’s Labur’s Lst.
C. As Yu Like It.D. The Merchant f Venice.
22. What is special abut Deafinitely Theatre?
A. It has tw grups f actrs.
B. It is the leading theatre in Lndn.
C. It perfrms plays in BSL.
D. It is gd at prducing cmedies.
23. When can yu see a play in Hebrew?
A. On Saturday 28 April.
B. On Sunday 29 April.
C. On Tuesday 22 May.
D. On Tuesday 29 May.
【语篇解读】本文是一篇应用文,主要介绍了全球的艺术家将聚集到一起用他们自己的语言表演莎士比亚的戏剧的相关内容。对于细节理解题主要是采用定位的方法,找到题干的关键词,并与原文的内容相对应,就可准确地选出答案。
21. A【解析】考查细节理解。根据题干中的"the Natinal Theatre f China"可将答案定位于Natinal Theatre f China部分中的"Shakespeare’s Richard Ⅲ",故选A项。
22. C【解析】考查推理判断。根据Deafinitely Theatre部分中的"By translating the rich and humrus text f Lve’s Labur’s Lst int the physical language f BSL, Deafinitely Theatre creates a new interpretatin f Shakespeare’scmedy"可知,Deafinitely Theatre的特别之处就是使用BSL表演戏剧,创造出了一种对莎士比亚喜剧的新的诠释。故选C项。
23. D【解析】考查细节理解。根据题干中的"Hebrew"可将该题答案定位在最后一部分中。根据最后一部分中的"Date & Time: Mnday 28 May, 7.30pm & Tuesday 29 May, 7.30 pm"可知,该题应选D项。
3. 【2017·全国卷III,A】
San Francisc Fire Engine Turs
San Francisc Winery Tur
Running: February 1st thrugh April 30th
This delicius tur ges thrugh the city n its way t Treasure Island where we will stp at the famus Winery SF. Here yu can enjy 4 purs f sme f the best wine San Francisc has t ffer.(Included in tickets price)
Departing frm the Cannery: Tur times upn request.
Duratin(时长): 2 hurs
Price: $90
Back t the Fifties Tur
Running: August 16th thrugh August 31st
This tur transprts yu back in time t ne f San Francisc’s mst fantastic perids, the 1950s! Enjy fun histry as we take yu thrugh San Francisc fr a free taste f ice cream.
Departing frm the Cannery: 5:00 pm and 7:30 pm
Duratin: 2 hurs
Price: $90
Spky Hallween Tur
Running: Octber 10th thrugh Octber 31st
Jin us fr a ride thrugh the histrical Presidi district. Authentic fire gear(服装) is prvided fr yur warmth as ur entertainers take yu t sme f the mst thrilling parts f San Francisc.
Departing frm the Cannery: 6:30 pm and 8:30 pm
Duratin: 1 hur and 30 minutes
Price: Available upn request
Hliday Lights Tur
Running: December 6th thrugh December 23rd
This attractive tur takes yu t sme f San Francisc’s mst cheerful hliday scenes. Authentic fire gear is prvided fr yur warmth as yu get int the hliday spirit.
Departing frm the Cannery: 7:00 pm and 9:00 pm
Duratin: 1 hur and 30 minutes
Advance reservatins required.
21. Which f the turs is available in March?
A. San Francisc Winery Tur.
B. Back t the Fifties Tur.
C. Spky Hallwen Tur.
D. Hliday Lights Tur.
22. What can turists d n Back t the Fifties Turs?
A. G t Treasure Island.
B. Enjy the hliday scenes.
C. Have free ice cream.
D. Visit the Presidi district.
23. What are turists required t d t g n Hliday Lights Tur?
A. Take sme drinks.
B. Set ff early in the mrning.
C. Wear warm clthes.
D. Make reservatins in advance.
【文章大意】本文是一篇应用文,主要介绍了美国旧金山的四个旅游活动和路线。
21. A 【解析】细节理解题。根据第一则广告中的"Running: February 1st thrugh April 30th"可知,这个旅游活动是从2月份持续到4月份。
22. C 【解析】细节理解题。根据第二则广告中的"Enjy fun histry as we take yu thrugh San Francisc fr a free taste f ice cream" 可知,在活动中人们可以享受到免费的冰激凌。
23. D 【解析】细节理解题。根据最后一个活动中的"Advance reservatins required"可知,参加Hliday Lights Tur需要人们提前预约。
4. 【2017·北京卷,B】
Inspiring yung minds!
TOKNOW Magazine is a big hit in the wrld f children’s publishing, bringing a unique cmbinatin f challenging ideas and gd fun t yung fans every mnth.
What’s inside?
Every mnth the magazine intrduces a
fresh new tpic with articles, experiments
and creative things t make — the magazine
als explres philsphy and wellbeing t make sure yung readers have a balanced take n life.
What is s special abut TOKNOW magazine?
Well, it has n ads r prmtins inside—
instead it is jam-packed with serius ideas.
TOKNOW makes cmplex ideas attractive and
accessible t children, wh can becme invlved in advanced cncepts and even philsphy(哲学)—and they will sn discver that TOKNOW feels mre like a club than just a magazine.
Sunds t gd t be true?
Take a lk nline—evidence shws that thusands f teachers and parents knw a gd thing when they see it and recmmend TOKNOW t their friends.
Happy Birthday All Year!
What culd be mre fun than a gift that keeps cming thrugh the letterbx every mnth? The first magazine with yur gift message will arrive in time fr the special day.
SUBSCRIBE NOW
□Annual Subscriptin
Eurpe £55 Rest f Wrld £65
□Annual Subscriptin with Gift Pack
Includes a Mammth Map, a Passprt Puzzle Bklet, and Subscriptin
Eurpe £60 Rest f Wrld £70
Refund Plicy—the subscriptin can be cancelled within 28 days and yu can get yur mney back.
59. Why is TOKNOW a special magazine?
A. It entertains yung parents.
B. It prvides serius advertisements.
C. It publishes ppular science fictins.
D. It cmbines fun with cmplex cncepts.
60. What des TOKNOW ffer its readers?
A. Online curses.
B. Articles n new tpics.
C. Lectures n a balanced life.
D. Reprts n scientific discveries.
61. Hw much shuld yu pay if yu make a 12-muth subscriptin t TOKNOW with gift pack frm China?
A. £55. B. £60. C. £65. D. £70.
62. Subscribers f TOKNOW wuld get .
A. free birthday presents
B. full refund within 28 days
C. membership f the TOKNOW club
D. chances t meet the experts in persn
【文章大意】文章介绍了一本杂志TOKNOW Magazine。
59.D 【解析】细节理解题。根据第一个方框内TOKNOW makes cmplex ideas attractive and accessible t children可知TOKNOW杂志让那些复杂的观点变得非常的有吸引力并且孩子们可以接受,有吸引力的东西肯定有趣,故可知答案为D。
60.B 【解析】细节理解题。根据第二个方框内Every mnth the magazine intrduces a fresh new tpic with articles, experiments and creative things t make可知杂志每个月都会引入一个新观点,并配有文章,实验等,所以答案为B。
61.D 【解析】数字计算题。根据Annual Subscriptin with Gift Pack中的Includes a Mammth Map, a passprt Puzzle Bklet, and Subscriptin Eurpe £60 Rest f Wrld £70,中国属于Rest f Wrld,故答案为D。
62.B 【解析】细节理解题。根据最后一句话Refund Plicy—the subscriptin can be cancelled within 28 days and yu can get yur mney back.可知订阅可在28天内取消,且全额退款,故答案为B。
5. 【2017·天津卷,A】
Suppse yu’re in a rush, feeling tired, nt paying attentin t yur screen, and yu send an email that culd get yu in truble.
Realisatin will prbably set in secnds after yu’ve clicked “send”. Yu freeze in hrrr and burn with shame.
What t d? Here are fur cmmn email accidents, and hw t recver.
Clicking “send” t sn
Dn’t waste yur time trying t find ut if the receiver has read it yet. Write anther email as swiftly as yu can and send it with a brief title explaining that this is the crrect versin and the previus versin shuld be ignred.
Writing the wrng time
The sner yu ntice, the better. Respnd quickly and briefly, aplgising fr yur mistake. Keep the tne measured: dn’t handle it t lightly, as peple can be ffended, especially if yur errr suggests a misunderstanding f their culture(i.e. incrrect rdering f Chinese names).
Clicking “reply all” unintentinally
Yu accidentally reveal(透露)t the entire cmpany what menu chices yu wuld prefer at the staff Christmas dinner, r what hliday yu’d like t take. In this instance, the best slutin is t send a quick, light-hearted aplgy t explain yur awkwardness. But it can quickly rise t smething wrse, when everyne starts hitting “reply all” t jin in a lng and unpleasant cnversatin. In this instance, step away frm yur keybard t allw everyne t calm dwn.
Sending an ffensive message t its subject
The mst awkward email mistake is usually cmmitted in anger. Yu write an unkind message abut smene, intending t send it t a friend, but accidentally send it t the persn yu’re discussing. In that case, ask t speak in persn as sn as pssible and say srry. Explain yur frustratins calmly and sensibly — see it as an pprtunity t clear up any difficulties yu may have with this persn.
36. After realising an email accident, yu are likely t feel ____________.
A. curius B. tired C. awful D. funny
37. If yu have written the wrng name in an email, it is best t ____________.
A. aplgise in a serius manner
B. tell the receiver t ignre the errr
C. learn t write the name crrectly
D. send a shrt ntice t everyne
38. What shuld yu d when an unpleasant cnversatin is started by yur “reply all” email?
A. Try ffering ther chices.
B. Avid further invlvement.
C. Meet ther staff members.
D. Make a light-hearted aplgy.
39. Hw shuld yu deal with the prblem caused by an ffensive email?
A. By prmising nt t ffend the receiver again.
B. By seeking supprt frm the receiver’s friends.
C. By asking the receiver t cntrl his anger.
D. By talking t the receiver face t face.
40. What is the passage mainly abut?
A. Defining email errrs.
B. Reducing email mistakes.
C. Handling email accidents.
D. Imprving email writing.
【语篇解读】这是一篇说明文,介绍了因为失误而发错信息的补救方法。
36.C【解析】考查推理判断。根据第二段第二句Yu freeze in hrrr and burn with shame.可知选C。
37.A 【解析】考查细节理解。根据第二个标题句Writing the wrng time后面的内容Respnd quickly and briefly, aplgising fr yur mistake. Keep the tne measured: dn’t handle it t lightly, as peple can be ffended, especially if yur errr suggests a misunderstanding f their culture (i.e. incrrect rdering f Chinese names). 可知选A。
38.B 【解析】考查推理判断。根据In this instance, step away frm yur keybard t allw everyne t calm dwn可知选B。
39.D 【解析】考查细节理解。根据最后一段中的In that case, ask t speak in persn as sn as pssible and say srry可知选D。
40.C 【解析】考查主旨大意。前三段内容通过问问题和说明情况,并介绍处理邮件问题的具体方法,由此可以判断出本文主要讲的是处理邮件问题。故选C。
6. 【2017·江苏卷,A】
56. What is CHRONOLOGICA accrding t the next?
A. A bigraphy. B. A travel guide.
C. A histry bk. D. A science fictin.
57. Hw des the writer recmmend CHRONOLOGICA t readers?
A. By giving details f its cllectin.
B. By intrducing sme f its cntents.
C. By telling stries at the beginning.
D. By cmparing it with ther bks.
【解析】文章大意:文章介绍了一本关于历史的书籍,这本书记录了不同时代,世界各地的历史事件和史实。作者提到了很多书里面的内容来向读者推荐本书。
56. C 【解析】细节理解题。根据第三段中的"CHRONOLOGICA is an infrmative and entertaining tur int histry, ... this bk als gives an accunt f the lives f lesser-knwn individuals"可知,CHRONOLOGICA是一本有关历史的书籍。
57. B【解析】细节理解题。作者在文中以提问的方式提到很多与历史有关的人物或事件,像"frm the fundatin f Rme t the creatin f the Internet. f kings and queens, ht air ballns…and mnkeys in being a Rman Emperr wasn’t always as gd as it sunds, hw the Hundred Years’ War didn’t actually last fr 100 years and why Spencer Perceval hlds a rather unfrtunate recrd"说明作者是在引用书中的内容。
7. 【2017·浙江卷,C】
FLORENCE, Italy — Svetlana Cjchru feels hurt. The Mldvan has lived here seven years as a caregiver t Italian kids and the elderly, but in rder t stay she’s had t prve her language skills by taking a test which requires her t write a pstcard t an imaginary friend and answer a fictinal jb ad.
Italy is the latest Western Eurpean cuntry trying t cntrl a grwing immigrant(移民)ppulatin by demanding language skills in exchange fr wrk permits, r in sme cases, citizenship.
Sme immigrant advcates wrry that as hard financial times make it mre difficult fr natives t keep jbs, such measures will becme mre a vehicle fr intlerance than integratin(融合).Others say it’s nly natural that newcmers learn the language f their hst natin, seeing it as a cnditin t ensure they can cntribute t sciety.
Other Eurpean cuntries laid dwn a similar requirement fr immigrants, and sme terms are even tugher. The gvernments argue that this will help freigners better jin the sciety and prmte understanding acrss cultures.
Italy, which has a much weaker traditin f immigratin, has witnessed a sharp increase in immigratin in recent years. In 1990, immigrants numbered sme 1.14 millin ut f Italy’s then 56.7 millin peple, r abut 2 percent. At the start f this year, freigners living in Italy amunted t 4.56 millin f a ttal ppulatin f 60.6 millin, r 7.5 percent, with immigrants’ children accunting fr an ever larger percentage f births in Italy.
Cjchru, the Mldvan caregiver, hped btaining permanent residence (居住权) wuld help her bring her tw children t Italy; they live with her sister in Mldva, where salaries are amng the lwest in Eurpe. She was skeptical that the language requirement wuld encurage integratin.
Italians always "see me as a freigner," an utsider, even thugh she’s stayed in the cuntry fr years and can speak the lcal language fluently, she said.
28.Why des Cjchru have t take a language test?
A. T cntinue t stay in Italy.B. T teach her children Italian.
C. T find a better jb in Italy.D. T better mix with the Italians.
29.Sme peple wrry that the new language requirement may .
A. reduce Italy’s ppulatin quicklyB. cause cnflicts amng peple
C. lead t financial difficultiesD. put pressure n schls
30.What d we knw abut Cjchru?
A. She lives with her sister nw in Italy.
B. She enjys learning the Italian language.
C. She speaks Italian well enugh fr her jb.
D. She wishes t g back t her hme cuntry.
【解析】本文是一篇新闻报道,首先叙述了一个叫Svetlana Cjchru的摩尔多瓦人移民到意大利,但为了能够继续留在意大利,她必须进行语言测试;接着向我们阐述对外来人进行语言测试的原因以及对此的不同声音,然后介绍了意大利的移民史,最后告诉我们Cjchru的居住现状:工资水平很低,而且虽然在意大利生活多年,但意大利本地居民仍会把她当作外国人来看。
28. A 【解析】细节理解题。根据第一段中的"but in rder t stay she’s had t prve her language skills by taking a test…"可知,Cjchru是为了能够继续留在意大利才要参加语言考试的,故选A。
29. B 【解析】推理判断题。根据第三段中的"such measures will becme mre a vehicle fr intlerance than integratin"可知一些人担心对语言水平的要求可能会引起人与人之间的不包容,即冲突,故选B。
30. C 【解析】细节理解题。根据最后一段中的"even thugh she’s stayed in the cuntry fr years and can speak the lcal language fluently"可知Cjchru的意大利语已经说的得很流利了,故选C。
8. 【2017·北京卷,C】
Measles(麻疹), which nce killed 450 children each year and disabled even mre, was nearly wiped ut in the United States 14 years ag by the universal use f the MMR vaccine(疫苗). But the disease is making a cmeback, caused by a grwing anti-vaccine mvement and misinfrmatin that is spreading quickly. Already this year, 115 measles cases have been reprted in the USA, cmpared with 189 fr all f last year.
The numbers might sund small, but they are the leading edge f a dangerus trend. When vaccinatin rates are very high, as they still are in the natin as a whle, everyne is prtected. This is called "herd immunity", which prtects the peple wh get hurt easily, including thse wh can’t be vaccinated fr medical reasns, babies t yung t get vaccinated and peple n whm the vaccine desn’t wrk.
But herd immunity wrks nly when nearly the whle herd jins in. When sme refuse vaccinatin and seek a free ride, immunity breaks dwn and everyne is in even bigger danger.
That’s exactly what is happening in small neighbrhds arund the cuntry frm Orange Cunty, Califrnia, where 22 measles cases were reprted this mnth, t Brklyn, N.Y., where a 17-year-ld caused an utbreak last year.
The resistance t vaccine has cntinued fr decades, and it is driven by a real but very small risk. Thse wh refuse t take that risk selfishly make thers suffer.
Making things wrse are state laws that make it t easy t pt ut(决定不参加) f what are suppsed t be required vaccines fr all children entering kindergarten. Seventeen states allw parents t get an exemptin(豁免), smetimes just by signing a paper saying they persnally bject t a vaccine.
Nw, several states are mving t tighten laws by adding new regulatins fr pting ut. But n ne des enugh t limit exemptins.
Parents ught t be able t pt ut nly fr limited medical r religius reasns. But persnal pinins? Nt gd enugh. Everyne enjys the life-saving benefits vaccines prvide, but they’ll exist nly as lng as everyne shares in the risks.
63. The first tw paragraphs suggest that ____________.
A. a small number f measles cases can start a dangerus trend
B. the utbreak f measles attracts the public attentin
C. anti-vaccine mvement has its medical reasns
D. infrmatin abut measles spreads quickly
64. Herd immunity wrks well when ____________.
A. exemptins are allwed
B. several vaccines are used tgether
C. the whle neighbrhd is invlved in
D. new regulatins are added t the state laws
65. What is the main reasn fr the cmeback f measles?
A. The veruse f vaccine.
B. The lack f medical care.
C. The features f measles itself.
D. The vaccine pt-uts f sme peple.
66. What is the purpse f the passage?
A. T intrduce the idea f exemptin.
B. T discuss methds t cure measles.
C. T stress the imprtance f vaccinatin.
D. T appeal fr equal rights in medical treatment.
【文章大意】本文主要是介绍了麻疹在历史上带来的危害,以及为什么会发生这样的情况。
63.A 【解析】文章第二段的首句既是对第一段的总结,又是第二段的中心句,由此可知答案为A。
64.C 【解析】根据第三段But herd immunity wrks nly when nearly the whle herd jins in.可知只有所有人都参与了才会有用,故选C。
65.D 【解析】根据第一段But the disease is making a cmeback, caused by a grwing anti-vaccine mvement and misinfrmatin that is spreading quickly.可知,那些反对疫苗的人导致的麻疹的复发,故选D。
66.C 【解析】本文主要是介绍了麻疹在历史上带来的危害,以及为什么会有这样的情况,最根本原因还是那些不注射疫苗的人导致的,故本文的目的是强调疫苗的作用,故选C。
Mike Shepherd(2011)
Skiddaw in Winter
Cumbria, England
It was an extremely cld winter's evening and freezing fg hung in the air. I climbed t the tp f a small rise and realised that the mist was little mre than a few feet deep, and thugh it was nly a shrt climb, I fund myself cmpletely abve it and lking at a wnderfully clear view f Skiddaw with the sum setting in the west. I used classical techniques, translated frm my cllege days spent in the darkrm int Phtshp, t achieve the black—and—white image(图像).
Timthy Smith(2014)
Macclesfield Frest
Cheshire, England
I was back in my hme twn f Macclesfield t take sme winter images. Walking up a path thrugh the frest twards Shutlingsle. a lcal high pint, I came acrss a small clearing and immediately nticed the dead yellw grasses set against the fresh snw. The small pine added t the interest and I placed it centrally t take the view frm the fregrund right thrugh int the frest.
Family Alliance Meal Delivery
Family Alliance is lking fr peple wh can deliver ht Chinese meals ne t tw times a week fr peple with disabilities in nrth suburban Fairfield Cunty.
All applicants must have a driver's license and access t a car. Gas will be cvered fr each delivery.
Wrking hurs: 10 a.m. t 1 p.m. Tuesdays and Fridays
Fr mre infrmatin, cntact Charles Chen
at cchen@famd.cm
Or call 740-6668988
Lancaster Design
We prvide full furnishings, like dnated kitchen equipment and furniture items, fr the new hmes f peple wh were ncehmeless.
We need peple wh can wrk at ur warehuse (仓库)srting and packing items t be delivered t families, repair dnated furniture and mre. Candidates will be matched with a task based n skill set.
Interested? Submit yur applicatin t
Or call 740-6119735
Lancaster Weekly
Wuld yu like the pprtunity t earn extra cash clse t hme? If s we have a vacancy in ur team which wuld suit yu.
Bth adults and yungsters aged 13+ are required t deliver ur newspaper. Yu may I have t cver sme distance. Bicycles are available if needed.
Wrking hurs: 8 a.m. t 10 a.m. Saturdays
Fr mre infrmatin
Call 740-6538360
Parkview Nursing Hme
Caregivers are wanted. We seek peple wh are patient and caring, and wh have experience and interest in wrking with lder adults.
As part f the package, initial and fllw-up training sessins are prvided and accmmdatin is available if required.
Fr mre details, visit us at Unit 3 Park View Lane
Or cntact Ellen White at 740-6968399
Depart
Origin
Destinatin
Arrive
6:42pm
Altandi
Varsity Lakes
7:37pm
7:29pm
Central
Varsity Lakes
8:52pm
8:57pm
Frtitude Valley
Varsity Lakes
9:52pm
11:02pm
Rma Street
Varsity Lakes
12:22am
Cuntry
Schedule
4-week prgrammes
7-week prgrammes
Algeria
5 Jul.- 1Aug.
20Jun. -7Aug.
Egypt
24 Jul-20 Aug.
19Jun.-6 Aug.
Kenya
20 Jul.-16Aug.
18 Jun.-5 Aug.
Suth Africa
2Aug.-29 Aug.
15 Jun.-2Aug.
Whatever yur age r interests, Buxtn has smething t see r d t make yur visit truly memrable.
High energy
If yu desire physical activities, yu can chse activities frm swimming t hrse riding. Explre the heights with G Ape, the high wire frest adventure curse, r jurney beneath the earth at Ple's Cavern. And dn't frget: we are surrunded by a natural playgrund just perfect fr walking, caving, climbing and cycling.
High minded
Buxtn is justifiably prud f its cultural life and yu' ll find much t suit all tastes with art, music, pera and the perfrming arts at Buxtn Opera Huse & Pavilin Arts Centre and Green Man Gallery. There are plenty f pprtunities fr the creative persn t becme invlved, including wrkshps and events.
Keeping the kids happy
Children lve the small train and playgrunds in the Pavilin Gardens and there’s plenty mre t explre at the Buxtn Museum. There's a new indr play centre, plus the special events and wrkshps, and thers during schl hliday perids
Activity
Descriptin
Member f staff
Cst
Outdr Adventure (OUT)
Take yurself ut f yur cmfrt zne fr a week, discver new persnal qualities, and learn new skills. Yu will be able t take part in a number f activities frm caneing t wild camping n Dartmr. Learn rck climbing and wrk as a team, and enjy the great utdr envirnment.
Mr. Clemens
£140
WWI Battlefields
and Paris
(WBP)
On Mnday we travel t Lndn. After staying vernight in Lndn, we travel n Day 2 t nrthern France t visit the Wrld War I battlefields. On Day 3 we crss int Belgium. Thursday sees us make the shrt jurney t Paris where we will visit Disneyland Paris park, staying until late t see the parade and the firewrks. Our final day, Friday, sees us visit central Paris and tur the main sights.
Mrs. Milsn
£425
Crafty
Fxes
(CRF)
Fur days f prduct design centred arund textiles. Making lvely bjects using recycled and made materials. Bags, cushins and skills and leave with mdern and unusual textiles.
Mrs. Gde
£30
Ptty abut Ptter
(POT)
Visit Warner Brs Studi, shp stp t buy picnic, stay vernight in an apprved Yuth Hstel in Streatley-n -Thames, guided tur f Oxfrd t see the film lcatins, picnic lunch utside Oxfrd’s Christchurch, bating n the River Cherwell thrugh the University Parks, befre heading back t Exeter.
Miss Drake
£150
CHRONOLOGICA
——The Unbelievable Years that Defined Histry
DID YOU KNOW…
In 105 AD paper was invented in China?
When Clumbus discvered the New Wrld?
The British Museum pened in 1759?
CHRONOLOGICA is a fascinating jurney thrugh time, frm the fundatin f Rme t the creatin f the Internet. Alng the way are tales f kings and queens, ht air ballns…and mnkeys in space.
Travel thrugh 100 f the mst unbelievable years in wrld histry and learn why being a Rman Emperr wasn’t always as gd as it sunds, hw the Hundred Years’ War didn’t actually last fr 100 years and why Spencer Perceval hlds a rather unfrtunate recrd.
CHRONOLOGICA is an infrmative and entertaining tur int histry, beautifully illustrated and full f unbelievable facts. While CHRONOLOGICA tells the stries f famus peple in histry such as Thmas Edisn and Alexander the Great, this bk als gives an accunt f the lives f lesser-knwn individuals including the explrer Mung Park and sculptr Gutzn Brglum.
This cmplete but brief histrical cllectin is certain t entertain readers yung and ld, and guaranteed t present even the biggest histry lver with smething new!
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