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辽宁省阜新市2020年中考英语试题及参考答案

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这是一份辽宁省阜新市2020年中考英语试题及参考答案,共36页。


1.Miss Ga ften advises we shuld search fr sme ________ n the Internet abut science.
A.instructinB.intrductinC.infrmatinD.inventin
2.In the fllwing wrds, which underlined letter f the wrd has a different sund frm the thers?
A.factB.addressC.aliveD.asleep
3.Lucy and Claire are sisters. ften help their mther d the husewrk.
A.We B.Yu C.They D.She
4.Tday many freigners enjy wrking r studying ________ China.
A.tB.byC.nD.in
5.一__I use yur dictinary?
一Sure, here yu are.
A.MustB.MayC.NeedD.Shuld
6.If we walk ________ in snwy weather, maybe we'll fall ver.
A.quicklyB.friendlyC.happilyD.slwly
7.Daming is ging t be an lder brther. His parents are planning t have their ________ child.
A.neB.twC.firstD.secnd
8.With 5G netwrk, driverless cars will run ________ than befre.
A.safeB.saferC.safelyD.mre safely
9.My Chinese teacher always ________ us t read mre bks.
A.tellB.tellsC.will tellD.tld
10.Sme new airprts ________ in the west f ur cuntry. It will save ur time t g there.
A.buildB.will buildC.will be builtD.were built
11.Cking is an interesting lessn and we can make different dishes ________ we like.
A.ifB.afterC.thughD.s
12.—This is a pht f ur family. Wuld yu like t see it?
—Ww! ________ happy family!
A.HwB.Hw aC.WhatD.What a
13.Is this the museum ________ yu visited last year?
A.whB.thatC.whmD.in which
14.—I've just received a Wechat message —"ttyl". D yu knw ________?
—It means "talk t yu later".
A.what des it meanB.what it meansC.hw it meansD.hw des it mean
15.一It’s raining hard. Wuld yu please lend me yur umbrella?
一________ . I’ve lent it t Peter.
A.I dn’t think sB.I can’t agree mre
C.I’m afraid I can’tD.I haven’t decided yet
A: Hi, Jasn. Wuld yu like t cme ver t my hme this weekend?
B: 16.What are we ging t d tgether?
A: We’re ging t play chess n Saturday mrning and I am ging t ck ndles fr yu.
B: Are yu jking? 17.
A: Of curse I can. I’ve learned cking n TV.
B: 18.
A: Fr tw days. My parents have been away n business s I ck by myself.
B: When will they cme back?
A: 19. During these days, I have t d a lt f things alne.
B: I’m sure yu will have a special experience.
A: Yes. 20.I like trying new things.
B: Yu bet! See yu then.
A: See yu.
A.Hw lng have yu learned it?
B.Srry, I can't.
C.Yes, I'd like t. .
D.That's the main thing.
E.In a week.
F.Can yu ck ndles?
G.That's wrng.
Mary: Lisa, are yu OK?
Lisa: I have a headache and I can't mve my neck. What shuld I d? Shuld I21.?
Mary: N, it desn't sund like yu have a fever.22.n the weekend?
Lisa: I played cmputer games all weekend.
Mary: That's prbably why. Yu need t23.breaks away frm the cmputer.
Lisa: Yeah, I think I sat in the same way fr t lng withut mving.
Mary: 24.yu shuld lie dwn and rest. If yur head and neck still hurt tmrrw, then g t a dctr.
Lisa: OK.25., Mary.
26.I have sme__________(pht) that I tk in Australia last year.
27.It's dangerus t tell yur__________ (persn) infrmatin t thers nline.
28.She culd read by__________ (she) at the age f five.
29.We all like t make friends with__________ (dishnest) peple.
30.Yu need t think very__________ (careful) abut which curse yu want t take.
31.我为我们国家的成就感到自豪。
I__________ur cuntry's achievements.
32.钟南山是我心目中的英雄,因为他是世界上最优秀的医生之一。
Zhng Nanshan is my her because he__________the best dctrs in the wrld.
33.我们必须按时到校。
____________________
34.不要把任何食物带到实验室来。
____________________
Everyne feels nervus and wrried frm time t time. Here are 3 ways t help deal with them.
☆ Spend time with friends r family. Well-planned activities are great. 1. Ding things with yur friends r family can make yu feel cmfrtable. If yu feel wrried r nervus abut smething, talk abut it with smene. Yu'll be reminded that everyne has bad feelings smetimes. Yu're nt alne.
☆ Get clse t nature. Taking a walk in a park r ging n a hike in a frest can make yu relaxed. Invite yur friends r family members t enjy the peace f nature.
☆ Think actively. 2. A gd way t frget bad things is t pay mre attentin t things that are gd and active. Allw yurself t dream, wish and imagine the best things that culd happen ne day.
35.____________________
36.____________________
The New Hp
Marc lked at the basketball hp and threw the ball up. "Scre!" Marc shuted as the 37 went thrugh the basketball hp. "Yu wn this time, but next time I'll 38 yu, Marc!" said Kim, as the tw friends walked hme, "I wish we culd play at the park t, instead f nly at schl." But the basketball hp in their neighbrhd park had been ruined (毁坏) by a fallen tree. "I feel s 39 ," said Kim, "I guess there's nthing we can d."
Marc and Kim walked 40 the city's recycling center. They saw Mr. Mrse was cllecting plastic, paper and metal things. Marc lked at all the ld stuff (物品) fr a lng time. "That gives me an idea!" he said, "Mr. Mrse, d yu have anything we culd 41 t make a basketball hp?"
Mr. Mrse picked up a plastic basket. "We are ging t recycle this basket, but I think yu can take it."
"It lks useless, ld and brken. I want a new basketball hp!" said Kim.
"Why?" wndered Marc, "reusing things is a great way t 42 waste. And dn't yu think that will be meaningful t make smething n ur wn?"
"That sunds interesting! I guess we can try," said Kim, "but I still dn't 43 it will be as gd as a new ne."
They tk the basket t Marc's huse and fund sme wd in 44 ld garden. Tgether they tinkered (焊) with the ld things and made a pst (柱) and a backbard. When all the parts were ready, they tk everything t the 45 and managed t set up the hp.
"It lks better than I thught it wuld!" said Kim, "Here's the real test!" He sht (投) a perfect basket. He was 46 .
"Ww, I was wrng." Kim said. "This basketball hp is really great. Nw we can play whenever we want!" The tw friends played until dinner time. The hp std the real test and the bys had the true jys.
提示词:hp 篮圈; metal 金属; reuse 重复利用
37.A.bagB.ballC.cardD.bk
38.A.hitB.helpC.beatD.teach
39.A.excitedB.tiredC.satisfiedD.disappinted
40.A.nB.underC.pastD.abve
41.A.winB.thrwC.sellD.reuse
42.A.stpB.makeC.increaseD.cllect
43.A.hpeB.believeC.rememberD.decide
44.A.aB.anC.theD./
45.A.parkB.gardenC.schlD.huse
46.A.regretfulB.painfulC.cheerfulD.peaceful
it, deep, but, what, d, bright, run, after, smething, be, swim, rabbit
Frm the start f Alice's Adventures in Wnderland
Alice was sitting with her sister by the river and her sister was reading a bk. Alice had nthing t47.. Once r twice she lked int her sister's bk. "And48. is a bk fr," thught Alice, "withut pictures r cnversatins?" Suddenly a white rabbit with pink eyes49. by.
There was nthing strange abut that. She heard the 50. say, "Oh dear! Oh dear! I'll51. late!" and she did nt think it was strange.
Then the rabbit tk a watch ut f 52. pcket and lked at it. A rabbit with a pcket and a watch? Alice gt up and ran acrss the field53. it. She saw it g dwn a large rabbit hle in the grund.
Then Alice went dwn after it, 54. never thught abut hw she was ging t get ut again. She fund that she was falling dwn a very, very 55. hle. It was t dark fr her t see56.. She was falling fr a lng time. While she was falling, she was thinking abut her cat, Dinah. Suddenly she landed n sme dry leaves…
提示词:adventure 奇遇; pcket 口袋
Stryline (故事情节): A grup f clever dgs drive cars t wrk, play and party.
Dates: July 20 ~ July 26
Mn. ~ Fri.: 11:30 a.m. 3:00 p.m. 7:30 p.m.
Sat. ~ Sun.: 9:00 a.m. 4:00 p.m. 8:30 p.m.
Place: Children's Theater f Charltte
Duratin (持续时间): 70 minutes
Ticket Prices: Sectin A: 170 ~ 190 yuan
Sectin B: 120 ~ 130 yuan
Sectin C: 80 yuan
Family packages (家庭套票): 220 yuan fr fur Sectin C tickets (11:00 a.m. 3:00 p.m. shws)
Ntice: Enjyed by ages 4 and up
57.Frm the pster (海报), we can knw the dgs are________.
A.stupidB.dangerusC.smartD.valuable
58.Hw many days can peple enjy "G. Dg. G!"?
A.Six.B.Seven.C.Eight.D.Nine.
59.When can peple enjy "G. Dg. G!"?
A.At 1:00 p.m. n Wednesday.B.At 7:30 a.m. n Saturday.
C.At 3:00 p.m. n Tuesday.D.At 5:00 p.m. n Thursday.
60.Yur parents shuld pay at least ________if they take yu and yur sister t the shw.
A.75 yuanB.220 yuanC.380 yuanD.480 yuan
61.Which is TRUE accrding t the passage?
A.A grup f clever dgs drive buses t wrk, play and party.
B.Kids under 4 enjyed the shw very much.
C.Yu must jin a family if yu watch the play.
D.The shw will g n fr 70 minutes.
Huang Shengen tied a small blackbard t his mtrbike, tgether with all his teaching things and an alarm clck arund his neck, and then started his ride.
53-year-ld Huang has wrked as a primary schl teacher fr 35 years in Yichun, Jiangxi Prvince. As the nly teacher in Shaniping Primary Schl, which was clsed because f COVID-19, Huang went t 7-year-ld Zeng Yufen's hme. In the schl, the girl is the nly student living with her grandmther in a muntain village.
All primary schl students were having nline classes at hme. Hwever, Huang fund that the netwrk signal was pr at Zeng's hme when he tk bks t the girl at the end f February.
In rder nt t disappint her, Huang thught f the idea f a mbile classrm. He shwed up at Zeng's hme the next day with a blackbard, a ruler and a bx f chalks.
Every mrning, Huang rde abut 15 kilmeters up the muntain rad t Zeng's hme. After class, he played games with his student, and he als taught the student t draw flwers and the beautiful muntain village.
"I'm a teacher frm a village, and my jb is t teach her s that she might leave the muntain and live a better life in the future," Huang said.
62.Huang was ________years ld when he started teaching at the schl.
A.17B.18C.35D.53
63.Huang fund ________when he tk bks t Zeng Yufen.
A.it was hard fr the girl t take nline classes
B.it was hard fr the girl t get enugh bks
C.the girl was happy because she culdn't g t schl
D.the girl lived with her grandfather in a muntain village
64.The underlined wrd "signal" means ________in Chinese.
A.信号B.暗号C.标志D.迹象
65.Which f the fllwing is TRUE in the reading?
A.Huang can ck nice fd fr Zeng Yufen.
B.There were many teachers in Shaniping Primary Schl.
C.All primary schl students were having nline classes at schl.
D.Huang thught f the idea f a mbile classrm fr Zeng Yufen.
66.What's the best title (标题) f the passage?
A.An art nline class.B.A great teacher frm a village.
C.A muntain village.D.A hard-wrking girl.
There lived a family with eight children in a small village. Tw f the children lved painting very much, but the family was s pr that it was impssible t send bth f them t study at the art cllege at the same time. After many discussins, the tw bys finally thught ut a plan. They had a bet. The lser wuld g dwn int the mines (煤矿) and with the mney he made, supprt his brther studying at the cllege. Then, when the brther wh wn finished his studies, he wuld supprt the ther brther studying at the cllege.
Fred wn and Mark went dwn int the mines. Fred wrked with all his heart and his paintings were much better than thse f mst f his teachers, and by the time he finished schl, he was beginning t make a lt f mney frm his paintings.
When Fred returned, the family held a big dinner fr his great success. Sn after the meal began, Fred std up frm his seat and said t his dear brther, "Mark, nw yu can g t the art cllege and yur dream will cme true. I will take care f yu."
But Mark said sftly, "Brther, the three years in the mines has dne t much t my hands, s it's t late. Nw I can't even hld a glass."
T shw his great lve and respect (尊敬), Fred drew his brther's hands with fingers twards the sky.
He called his drawing "The Praying Hands", which became very famus years later.
提示词:bet 打赌; supprt 支持
67.Did Fred and Mark study at the art cllege at the same time?
__________________________________
68.Whse mney did Fred study in the art cllege with?
__________________________________
69.Hw lng did Fred study painting in the art cllege?
__________________________________
70.Why did Fred draw "The Praying Hands"?
__________________________________
71.What's the best title f the passage?
__________________________________
What Wuld Yu D? is a TV prgram n American ABC.The prgram which is hsted (主持) by the news reprter Jhn Quinnes is ppular with many peple. It tests what peple will d when they see smene is in truble t remind us t stand up fr the peple in need. Here is last week's prgram.
In a cake shp, tw actrs acted as a blind wman named Pamela and a man clerk wh lked dwn upn the blind. Hidden cameras were recrding what wuld happen. The blind wman came int the shp and bught a bx f twelve cupcakes. The clerk treated the wman badly at first. Then he cheated her. He nly gave her 6 dllars instead f 34 dllars.
Wuld smene be brave enugh t stand up fr the blind wman? Yes! A custmer in the cake shp stpped the clerk frm cheating the blind and treating her badly. And ther custmers jined in sn. Jhn appeared in the end and interviewed the first custmer wh helped Pamela ut. She said it was necessary t give a hand t the peple in need. "A psychlgy prfessr (心理学教授) nce said," she said, "it's difficult t take the first step t stand up. It needs curage."
提示词:cheat 欺骗; clerk 职 员
77. 健康是成长的基石。假如你是张利,在疫情返校后,你由于不好的习惯导致了困倦,焦虑等问题。在即将到来的暑假中,你打算如何养成良好习惯,塑造健康体魄呢?请以"Gd Habits, Strng Bdies"为题写一篇英语短文。
提示:1. 至少写出 3 个影响你健康的问题,可适度添加;
2. 至少写出 4 个有利于健康的好习惯,可适度添加;
3. 号召更多的同学养成好习惯,塑造健康体魄。
要求:1. 紧扣主题,语言连贯,书写规范;
2. 文中不得出现真实的校名与人名,词数在 60 — 80 词左右。
参考词汇:exercise mre, have a balanced diet (平衡饮食), sleep early, keep happy
Gd Habits, Strng Bdies
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
The name f the ppular TV prgram
72.?
73.the TV prgram
T remind us t stand up fr the peple in need.
The place that last week's prgram was recrded in
In a cake shp.
The things that happened t the blind wman
The clerk treated the blind wman badly at first.
Then he cheated her by nly74.instead f 34 dllars.
The first persn wh was brave enugh t stand up fr75.
A custmer in the cake shp.
Smething that's difficult t 76.t stand up
Curage.
参考答案
1.C
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:高老师经常建议我们应该在网上搜索一些关于科学的信息。
考查名词辨析。instructin指导;指示;intrductin介绍;infrmatin信息;inventin发明。根据句意可知,这里表示“在网上搜索信息”,故选C。
2.A
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:在下面的单词中,哪一个单词的划线部分和其他的发音不同?
考查元音字母的发音。fact中划线的a发音是[?];address中划线的a发音是[?];alive中划线的a发音是[?];asleep中划线的a发音是[?]。fact划线部分的发音不相同。故选A。
3.C
【解析】句意:露西和克莱尔是姐妹,他们经常帮助妈妈做家务。考查代词辨析题。本句缺主语,Lucy and Claire是复数第三人称,可用they代替。根据句意语境,可知选C。
4.D
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:现在很多外国人喜欢在中国享受工作或学习。
考查介词。t在某范围之外;by靠近;n在某地的一端或一边;in在某范围之内。根据China可知此处表示的是“在中国”,表示在范围之内,用介词in。故选D。
5.B
【解析】
【详解】
句意:——我能用你的字典吗?—— 当然可以,给你。
考查情态动词。A. Must(必须,表义务); B. May(可以,表允许);C. Need(需要,表必要性);D. Shuld(应该,表义务,征询意见);根据答语“Sure, here yu are. 当然可以,给你。”判断上文是征求许可的问句,故选B。
6.A
【解析】
【详解】
句意:如果我们在雪天里走得快,也许我们会摔倒。
考查副词辨析。quickly快速地;friendly友好地;happily开心地;slwly慢地。由生活常识可知,雪天走得快,可能会摔倒。故选A。
7.D
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:大明将做哥哥,他的父母计划生二胎。
考查序数词。ne一个;tw二个;first第一;secnd第二。根据单数名词“child”可知此处用序数词表示顺序,根据“is ging t be an lder brther”可知此处表示“第二个小孩”,用序数词secnd。故选D。
8.D
【解析】
【详解】
句意:有了5G网络,无人驾驶汽车将比以前更安全地驾驶。
考查副词用法及比较级。由句中than可知,本句为比较级句式,故排除A,C两选项;结合“driverless cars will run…”可知,此处应用副词safely的比较级mre safely修饰动词run。故选D。
9.B
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:我的语文老师总是叫我们多读书。
考查动词时态。A. tell一般现在时;B. tells一般现在时,三单形式;C. will tell一般将来时;D. tld一般过去时。根据频度副词always可知此句时态是一般现在时,主语My Chinese teacher第三人称单数,可知谓语动词使用单数;故选B。
10.C
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:在我国的西部将会建设一些新的机场,去那里将会节省我们很多时间。
考查动词的时态和语态。build动词原形;will build动词的一般将来时;will be built动词的一般将来时的被动;were built动词的一般过去时态的被动。根据“It will save”可知此处讲述的是将来的动作,用一般将来时态will d;主语airprts与动词build之间是被动关系,表示“将被建”用will be built。故选C。
11.A
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:烹饪是有趣的课程,如果我们喜欢,我们可以做很多不同的菜。
考查连词。if如果;after在。之后;thugh尽管;s因此。“we like”表达的是条件,用连词if引导条件状语从句。故选A。
12.D
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:——这是一张我家人的照片。你想看看吗?——哇!多么幸福的一个家庭啊!
考查感叹句。根据句子结构可知,这里考查感叹句,常用What和Hw引导,它们的句型是What a/an+形容词+可数名词单数+主语+谓语或What+形容词+可数名词复数或不可数名词+主语+谓语;Hw+形容词或副词+主语+谓语或Hw+形容词+a/an+可数名词单数+主语+谓语。这句话中family是可数名词单数,故选D。
13.B
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:这是去年你参观过的博物馆么?
考查定语从句。wh替代人,从句中做主语或者宾语;that替代人或物,从句中做主语或者宾语;whm替代人,从句中做宾语;in which是介词加上关系代词which的用法。museum是先行词,表达的是物,从句“yu visited last year”缺宾语,用which或者that来替代物并在从句中作宾语。故选B。
14.B
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:——我刚收到一条微信信息“ttyl”,你知道它是什么意思么?——它的意思是“待会聊”。
考查宾语从句。动词knw后是宾语从句,用陈述句的语序(引导词+主语+谓语动词)。A和D选项的语序错误,排除A和D。根据回答可知此处表达的是“是什么含义”,此句用what来引导,故选B。
15.C
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:——雨下得很大。你可以借给我你的雨伞吗?——恐怕不能,我已经把它借给Peter了。
考查交际应用。I dn’t think s我不这样认为;I can’t agree mre我再同意不过了;I’m afraid I can’t恐怕不能;I haven’t decided yet我还没决定,根据问句Wuld yu please lend me yur umbrella?和所给空后面的句子I’ve lent it t Peter可知,I’m afraid I can’t最符合语境,故选C。
16.C
17.F
18.A
19.E
20.D
【解析】
【分析】
16.句意:是的,我想。考查情景交际。邀请句型Wuld yu like t d sth?,肯定答语应用Yes, I’d lve/like t.根据上文Wuld yu like t cme ver t my hme this weekend?可知选C。
17.句意:你会做面条吗?考查情景交际。句型Can yu …? 肯定答案是Of curse I can/Yes, I can.。根据下句Of curse I can. I’ve learned cking n TV.(当然我能。我在电视上学过烹饪。)结合句意和语境可知选F。
18.句意:你学了多长时间了?考查情景交际。答案是Fr tw days,问句应该是对一段时间提问,应用hw lng。根据下文Fr tw days.结合句意和语境可知选A。
19.句意:一周以后。回答一般将来时的“什么时候。?”,应用将来的时间,用in + 一段时间段:过这段时间以后,用于将来时态。根据上句When will they cme back?(他们什么时候回来?)可知询问时间,下句应该回答"一周后",结合句意可知选E.
20.句意:这是最主要的东西。考查细节理解。根据上句I'm sure yu will have a special experience.我相信你一定会有特别的经历.及下句I like trying new things.我喜欢尝试新事物.结合句意和语境可知,中间应该是"那是最主要的事情!"选D。
点睛:补全对话是考查交际会话能力的主要题型。在一段对话中留出若干空白,要求学生从所给的选项中选出恰当的句子或填写合适的单词,使补全后的对话完整,通顺,意义正确。它要求学生根据上下文的逻辑关系,在整体把握对话的基础上,去分析,判断与综合,初步考查学生口语运用的能力。有利于考察学生理解和应用英语知识的能力。做此题时。要注意一下几点:1.通读对话全文,摸清对话发生的地点,时间,人物的身份,对话的内容。2.理清上下句的逻辑关系,使你填入的话和整篇对话文理通顺,融为一体。答题时, 依据语言环境补全对话,逐句推敲。3.符合说英语国家人的习惯。答题时,语言要得体,表达要地道。要注意口语交际中的一些习惯用语,特别是汉语和英语表达方式的不同,要认真通读对话。
4.应将一些常见情景下经常运用的句型,词组背熟。比如:看病, 问路, 邀请等常规用语。 5.注意空白处的标点。是问号,就应填问句;是句号,就应填陈述句。
21.take my temperature
22.What did yu d
23.take
24.I think
25.Thanks/ Thank yu
【解析】
【分析】
文章大意:Lisa觉得头痛,脖子也不能动。Mary问她周末都干啥了?她说整个周末都在玩电脑游戏。Mary让她远离电脑,好好休息。Lisa也觉得是自己久坐不动导致的。Mary让她躺下休息,如果明天还疼就去看医生。
21.
根据上文I have a headache and I can't mve my neck以及下文N, it desn't sund like yu have a fever,可知,想通过测体温的方式确定是否发烧了,take ne's temperature“测量某人的体温”,根据题意“测量我的体温”,此处要用I的形容词性物主代词my,故填take my temperature。
22.
根据下文答语I played cmputer games all weekend,可知,此空询问对方周末做什么了,本句时态为一般过去时,因此行为动词用d,助动词用did,故填What did yu d?
23.
根据上文Lisa的回答,她整个周末都在玩电脑游戏。Mary找到了原因,结合后面的关键词breaks,可知是Mary建议Lisa需要远离电脑,休息一下,take breaks“休息”,need t d sth.“需要做某事”,所以这里用动词原形,故填take。
24.
根据yu shuld lie dwn and rest,可知,Mary认为Lisa应该躺下休息,此空表示“我认为”,故填I think。
25.
根据上文If yur head and neck still hurt tmrrw, then g t a dctr,可知,这是Mary给Lisa的建议,所以Lisa应表示感谢,故填Thanks/ Thank yu。
26.phts
【解析】
【详解】
句意:我有一些去年在澳大利亚拍的照片。分析句子结构可知,此处缺少动词have的宾语,故空格处应为名词形式pht“照片”,可数,句中sme修饰可数名词复数,要用其复数形式。故填phts。
27.persnal
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:在网上把你的私人信息告诉给其他人是很危险的。persn人,个人,是一个名词。根据句子结构可知,空后infrmatin是名词,这里应用形容词作定语,修饰名词。故答案为persnal。
28.herself
【解析】
【详解】
句意:她五岁就可以独自读书了。by neself独自,靠自己,此处应用所给单词的反身代词。故填herself。
29.hnest
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:我们都喜欢和诚实的人交朋友。dishnest形容词,不诚实的。名词peple前用形容词修饰,根据“like t make friends”可知此处表达的是和诚实的人交朋友,用dishnest的反义词hnest做定语。故填hnest。
30.carefully
【解析】
【详解】
句意:你需要仔细考虑你想选哪门课程。此处应用所给单词的副词形式carefully“仔细地”,修饰动词think。故填carefully。
31.am prud f / take pride in
【解析】
【详解】
根据语意可知,be prud f/take pride in为。感到自豪,固定短语;本句为一般现在时,主语I为第一人称,故应用be动词is,take用其原形。故填am prud f / take pride in。
32.is ne f
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
根据句意可知,这里考查“最。的之一”这个句型,应该是ne f the +形容词最高级+名词复数。主语he是单数,该句使用的是一般现在时,be动词用is。故答案为is ne f。
33.We must get t schl n time.
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
分析句子可知是陈述句,主语是we,谓语是“必须到校”用情态动词must加上动词原形get t schl,主语状语是“按时”用短语n time。故填We must get t schl n time.
34.Dn't bring any fd int / t the lab.
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
分析句子可知是祈使句的否定形式。用“dn’t d”的结构。“把某物带到某地来”用动词短语“bring sth. t/int…”,bring的宾语是“任何食物”,否定句中用any表示“任何”,食物用不可数名词fd。t后面的宾语是“实验室”,用名词lab。故填Dn't bring any fd int / t the lab.
35.和你的朋友或者家人做事情能使你感到舒适。
36.一个忘记坏事情的好方法是多关注好的积极的事情。
【解析】
【分析】
这是一篇说明文,文章讲述每个人时不时都会感到紧张和担心,介绍了应付紧张和担忧的三条建议。
35.
划线的句子“Ding things with yur friends r family can make yu feel cmfrtable”分析可知是陈述句,主语是动名词“Ding things with yur friends r family” 和你的朋友或者家人做事情;谓语动词是can make能使;宾语是yu你;宾补是feel cmfrtable表示“感到舒适”。故填“和你的朋友或者家人做事情能使你感到舒适”。
36.
划线的句子“A gd way t frget bad things is t pay mre attentin t things that are gd and active”分析可知是陈述句,主语是A gd way t frget bad things一个忘记坏事情的好方法;谓语is是;表语是动词不定式t pay mre attentin t表示“多关注”;宾语是things 事情;“that are gd and active”是定语从句,解释说明things,表示“好的积极的事情”。故填“一个忘记坏事情的好方法是多关注好的积极的事情”。
37.B
38.C
39.D
40.C
41.D
42.A
43.B
44.B
45.A
46.C
【解析】
【分析】
这是一篇记叙文,文章讲述公园的篮球筐坏了,马克和金用旧废物做了一个新的篮球筐。
37.
句意:当球穿过篮球筐时,Marc大喊“得分”。
bag包,ball球,card卡片,bk书。根据“Marc lked at the basketball hp and threw the ball up”和“went thrugh the basketball hp”可知是球穿过篮球筐。故选B。
38.
句意:但是下次我要打败你。
hit撞击,help帮助,beat打败,teach教。根据“Yu wn this time ,but next time这次你赢了,但是下次”,可知此处表达 “我要打败你”,用beat yu。故选C。
39.
句意:我感觉如此的灰心。
excited激动的,tired劳累的,satisfied满意的,disappinted失望的。根据“I guess there’s nthing we can d”我猜我们什么也做不了,所以是失望的,用形容词disappinted。故选D。
40.
句意:马克和金走过城市的废物回收中心。
n在上面;under在下面;past经过;abve在上方。此处用动词短语walk past表示“路过,走过”。故选C。
41.
句意:你有我们能再次使用做一个篮球筐的东西吗?
win赢,thrw扔,sell卖,reuse再利用。根据“the city's recycling center”及“t make a basketball hp”做一个篮球筐,可知是使用回收废品做一个,用动词reuse表示“再利用”。故选D。
42.
句意:废物利用是杜绝浪费的好方法。
stp停止,make制造,increase增长,cllect收集。根据“reusing things废物利用”可知此处表达杜绝浪费,用动词stp。故选A。
43.
句意:但是我仍然不能相信它能和新的一样好。
hpe希望,believe相信,remember记住,decide决定。根据“it will be as gd as a new ne”和新的一样好,前文讲述是用废物回收品做的,所以不相信和新的一样好,用动词believe。故选B。
44.
句意:他们带着篮子到马克的房子里,发现在一个老的花园里有一些木头。
a用在辅音音素开始的单词前,表示泛指;an用在元音音素开始的单词前,表示泛指;the表示确指。“ld garden”此处第一次提及,用不定冠词,ld是元音音素开始的单词,用an。故选B。
45.
句意:当各部分都备好,他们拿着每样东西去公园安装篮球筐。
park公园,garden花园,schl学校,huse房子。“But the basketball hp in their neighbrhd park had been ruined by a fallen tree”可知是公园的篮球筐坏了,所以去公园安装篮球筐。故选A。
46.
句意:他高兴地说“哇,我错了,这个篮球筐真好。”
regretful后悔,painful 痛苦,cheerful高兴,peaceful平静的。根据 “This basketball hp is really great. Nw we can play whenever we want”这个篮球筐真棒,我们能随时玩了;可知此处表达的是高兴。故选C。
47.d
48.what
49.ran
50.rabbit
51.be
52.its
53.after
54.but
55.deep
56.anything
【解析】
【分析】
本文是一篇童话故事,节选于《爱丽丝梦游仙境》,讲故事开头爱丽丝跟随一直兔子跳进了很深的一个洞。
47.
句意:爱丽丝没什么事可做。分析句子结构可知,此处应用动词不定式t d作nthing的后置定语。故填d。
48.
句意:“那这本书是用来干什么的,”爱丽丝想,“没有图画和对话?”由“And…is a bk fr”可知,本句为疑问句语序,故应用what引导特殊疑问句。故填what。
49.
句意:突然一只粉红色眼睛的白兔跑了过来。此处应填动词作谓语,结合句意及备选词汇可知run“奔跑”符合语境,本句为一般过去时,故应用其过去式。故填ran。
50.
句意:她听到兔子说:“哦,天哪!哦,天哪!我要迟到了!”此处应填名词作动词heard的宾语,由上文“Suddenly a white rabbit with pink eyes ran by”可知,此处应为她听见那只跑过来的兔子说话,应用其单数形式。故填rabbit。
51.
句意:我要迟到了。由“I'll…late!”可知,此处应为我要迟到了,本句为一般将来时,故应用be动词原形,be late迟到。故填be。
52.
句意:然后兔子从口袋里拿出一块手表看着它。由“Then the rabbit tk a watch ut f…pcket”可知,兔子从它的口袋拿出一块手表,故应用备选词汇it的形容词性物主代词形式its,作定语修饰名词pcket。故填its。
53.
句意:爱丽丝站起来,追着它跑过田野。由“Alice gt up and ran acrss the field…it…Then Alice went dwn after it”可知,爱丽丝站起来去追赶兔子,ran after追赶。故填after。
54.
句意:接着爱丽丝就下去了,但从来没有想过她要怎么出去。上文“爱丽丝跟在兔子后面进入了一个洞”和下文“她从来没有想过要怎么出去”之间是转折关系,应用连词but连接。故填but。
55.
句意:她发现自己掉进了一个非常非常深的洞里。此处应填一个形容词修饰名词hle,结合语境及备选词汇可知deep“深的”符合语境。故填deep。
56.
句意:天太黑了,她什么也看不见。由“It was t dark”可知,洞里太黑了,所以她什么也看不见,句中t…t…表“太。而不能。”,所以此处表否定,故应用不定代词anything作动词see的宾语。故填anything。
57.C
58.B
59.C
60.B
61.D
【解析】
【分析】
这是一篇应用文,文章讲述了关于一群聪明的狗的演出,介绍了演出时间,持续时间,票价及注意事项。
57.
细节理解题。根据“A grup f clever dgs drive cars t wrk, play and party”可知狗很聪明。故选C。
58.
细节理解题。根据“Dates: July 20 ~ July 26”从七月20日到26日,可知共有七天。故选B。
59.
细节理解题。根据“Mn. ~ Fri.: 11:30 a.m. 3:00 p.m. 7:30 p.m. Sat. ~ Sun.: 9:00 a.m. 4:00 p.m. 8:30 p.m.”可知周一到周五上午11点半,下午三点,晚上七点;周六到周日上午九点,下午四点,晚上八点半。故选C。
60.
细节理解题。根据“Family packages (家庭套票): 220 yuan fr fur Sectin C tickets (11:00 a.m. 3:00 p.m. shws)”可知你的父母带着你和你的妹妹去展览,至少需要付款220元。故选B。
61.
推理判断题。根据“Duratin (持续时间): 70 minutes”可知展览持续70分钟。D选项表述正确,故选D。
62.B
63.A
64.A
65.D
66.B
【解析】
【分析】
这是一篇记叙文,文章主要讲述来自农村的黄老师在新型冠状病毒期间发现沙坪坝学校的曾同学家里网络信号差不能正常上网课,于是想出了移动教室的方法,亲自去她家里授课。
62.
推理判断题。根据“53-year-ld Huang has wrked as a primary schl teacher fr 35 years in Yichun, Jiangxi Prvince”,可知,53岁的黄老师教了35年,那么他开始教书的时候是18岁,故选B。
63.
推理判断题。根据第三段“Huang fund that the netwrk signal was pr at Zeng's hme”,可知,黄老师发现曾的家里的网络信号很弱,所以对于她来说网上上课很难。故选A。
64.
词义猜测题。根据“the girl is the nly student living with her grandmther in a muntain village及having nline ”,可知,网上上课是需要网络信号的,而这位学生住在山村里,所以网络信号不好,故signal指的是网络信号,故选A。
65.
细节理解题。根据倒数第三段“Huang thught f the idea f a mbile classrm”可知,黄老师为曾同学想出了移动教室的主意。D表述正确。故选D。
66.
标题概括题。文章主要讲述来自农村的黄老师在新型冠状病毒期间发现沙坪坝学校的曾同学家里网络信号差不能正常上网课,于是想出了移动教室的方法,亲自去她家里授课。标题可概括为“A great teacher frm a village来自农村的伟大教师”。故选B。
67.N, they didn't.
68.Mark's (mney).
69.Fr three years. / Three years.
70.T shw his great lve and respect. / Because he wanted t shw his great lve and respect.
71.The Praying Hands.
【解析】
【分析】
本文是一篇记叙文,主要讲述了马克用自己的双手,在矿井辛苦工作三年,全力支持兄弟弗雷德的事业和梦想,后来学业有成的弗雷德为马克绘制了画作《祈祷之手》。
67.
根据文中Fred wn and Mark went dwn int the mines可知,弗雷德赢了,马克下了矿井,所以兄弟俩没有同时去艺术学院学习。故填N, they didn't.
68.
根据文中The lser wuld g dwn int the mines and with the mney he made, supprt his brther studying at the cllege…Fred wn and Mark went dwn int the mines可知,马克打赌输了,最终下了矿井,用自己挣得的钱供自己的兄弟弗雷德学习,所以弗雷德用的马克的钱来学习。故填Mark's (mney).
69.
根据文中Brther, the three years in the mines has dne t much t my hands可知,兄弟俩打赌约定输的人下矿井来供赢的人读书,马克输了并在矿井工作了三年,所以可知弗雷德在艺术学院学了三年绘画。故填Fr three years. / Three years.
70.
根据文中T shw his great lve and respect…He called his drawing "The Praying Hands"可知,弗雷德为了表示对马克的爱与尊敬,于是画了“祈祷之手”。故填T shw his great lve and respect. / Because he wanted t shw his great lve and respect.
71.
根据全文内容可知,本文主要介绍了马克用自己的双手,在矿井之中辛苦工作三年,换来了兄弟弗雷德的功成名就,弗雷德为马克画了一幅画,名为“祈祷之手”,这就是文章所要表达的主旨,故“祈祷之手”可作为本文标题。故填The Praying Hands.
72.What Wuld Yu D
73.The purpse f
74.giving her 6 dllars
75.the blind wman
76.take the first step
【解析】
【分析】
这篇短文给我们介绍了一个电视节目《你会怎么做》,它测试当人们看到有人有麻烦需要帮助时,人们会怎么做。短文中介绍了上周这个节目的内容。
72.
根据短文开头“What Wuld Yu D? is a TV prgram n American ABC.”可知,美国广播公司的这个节目叫《你会怎么做》。故答案为What Wuld Yu D?
73.
根据短文第一段“It tests what peple will d when they see smene is in truble t remind us t stand up fr the peple in need.”可知,提醒我们为需要的人站出来,这是这个节目的目的,故答案为The purpse f。
74.
根据短文第二段“He nly gave her 6 dllars instead f 34 dllars.”可知,蛋糕店的服务员只给了那位女士6美元,而不是34美元。故答案为giving her 6 dllars。
75.
根据短文第三段“Wuld smene be brave enugh t stand up fr the blind wman? Yes! A custmer in the cake shp stpped the clerk frm cheating the blind and treating her badly.”可知,蛋糕店里的这个顾客为那位盲人女士站了出来。故答案为the blind wman。
76.
根据短文最后“it's difficult t take the first step t stand up”可知,迈出第一步站起来是很困难的。故答案为take the first step。
77.One pssible versin:
Gd Habits, Strng Bdies
Hell, I am Zhang Li. In the past, I used t feel unhealthy because f my bad habits. I als felt wrried because f s many exams. Smetimes I stayed up s late that I was sleepy in class. And I didn't have much free time t take much exercise, as a result, I was very heavy.
T slve these prblems, during the cming summer hliday, I will get int the habit f getting up early. Sleeping early is als necessary. I will exercise mre and have a balanced diet. It's gd t eat mre vegetables and fruit instead f t much junk fd. What's mre, whatever happens, I will try t keep happy. If I keep ding these, I will certainly keep healthy every day.
S cme n, everyne. Frm yur wn healthy habits, and act quickly! Gd habits must bring yu strng bdies.
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
1,题干解读:这篇作文要求学生们以Gd Habits, Strng Bdies为题,介绍一下如何养成良好习惯,塑造健康体魄。题干中给出了提示,主要从以下几个方面介绍:写出至少3个影响你健康的问题;写出至少 4 个有利于健康的好习惯;号召更多的同学养成好习惯,塑造健康体魄。
2,写作指导:这篇短文应用一般现在时和一般过去时,人称是第一人称。写作时注意英语句式的结构,简单句,复合句穿插使用,同时注意上下文语句的衔接。使用一些高级词汇和句型,使文意连贯,表达流畅。
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