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湖北省黄石市2020年中考英语试题及参考答案
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湖北省黄石市2020年中考英语试题及参考答案

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这是一份湖北省黄石市2020年中考英语试题及参考答案,共37页。


1.There is a famus Chinese saying: ne is nt _______true man unless he climbs up _______Great Wall.
A.a; /B.the; /C.a; theD./; the
2.—Jenny, is this ________ cat?
—N. ________is white.
A.yu; MyB.yur; MineC.yur; MyD.yurs; Mine
3.Mre and mre peple in Huangshi chse t g t wrk ________bike.
A.inB.withC.nD.by
4.—The last satellite f BeiDu Satellite Navigatin System(北斗卫星导航系统)was successfully launched n June 23th, 2020.
—________exciting news it is!
A.WhatB.What anC.HwD.Hw an
5.—________will the first tramcar(有轨电车) line be finished in Huangshi?
—In tw r three years.
A.Hw lngB.Hw snC.Hw ftenD.Hw far
6.I think Jay Chu’s “Mjit” is ________than his last sng.
A.mre betterB.the bestC.much betterD.mre gd
7.He spent tw hurs ________ his mther with husewrk last Sunday.
A.helpingB.helpedC.t helpD.help
8.I ________ur English teacher in the supermarket yesterday.
A.meetB.metC.have metD.has met
9.—Mm, ________I watch TV tnight?
—Sure, but yu ________finish yur hmewrk first.
A.can, mustn'tB.may; culdC.may; can'tD.can; must
10.—Angela, I want t make Russian sup .Wuld yu please tell me hw?
—I’m glad t. First, yu need t________the vegetables and beef.
A.cut upB.cut dwnC.cut ffD.cut ut
11.—I'm planning a trip t the Natinal Mining Park(国家矿山公园) tmrrw, but still can't decide ________.
—Hw abut driving?
A.hw I'm gingB.where I'm gingC.when I'm gingD.wh I'm ging with
12.—I hate sweeping the flr.
—Why nt buy a sweeping rbt? It ________ widely nwadays.
A.useB.is usedC.was usedD.used
13.There are abut eight hundred students in the schl. ________f them are bys.
A.Three fifthB.Third fifthC.Third fiveD.Three fifths
14.—I heard a yung fireman lst his life in the big fire.
—What a pity! ________I dn't knw wh he is, I knw wh he is fr. He is ur her frever.
A.ButB.SC.AlthughD.Because
15.She runs arund the Ci Lake every mrning, ________?
A.des sheB.desn't sheC.did sheD.didn't she
Lng lng ag, there lived a teacher in a small village. He ften 16 his students in special ways. One day he sent fur f his students t g t a small farm t see apple trees in 17 seasns. The first student went in winter, the secnd in spring, the third in summer, and the last in autumn.
After the fur students 18 back, the teacher called them tgether. They pictured (描述)their 19 t the teacher. The first student said that there were n leaves n the trees. It made him feel very 20 . The secnd student 21 , “What are yu talking abut? My eyes were full f light green. It made me feel hpeful.” The third ne culdn’t wait t say excitedly, “Hw pretty the trees were! I felt s relaxed. The sweet smell f the 22 spread here and there attracting(吸引)many bees and butterflies.” Hearing these wrds, the last ne shk his head. He said he gt a strng feeling f satisfactin when he saw a lt f apples n the beautiful trees.
The teacher smiled and tld his students 23 f them were wrng, but each just 24 ne seasn. He cntinued, “The trees are nt the same in different seasns. Yu can’t judge(判断)a tree by seeing nly ne seasn.”
Everything has different sides in ur life. Dn't try t make a cnclusin(结论) 25 befre yu see the whle f it.
16.A.tldB.taughtC.askedD.warned
17.A.naturalB.strangeC.differentD.beautiful
18.A.stdB.arrivedC.fundD.came
19.A.feelingsB.interviewsC.tripsD.surveys
20.A.tiredB.amazedC.disappintedD.excited
21.A.explainedB.nddedC.thughtD.disagreed
22.A.flwersB.treesC.applesD.leaves
23.A.allB.bthC.nneD.sme
24.A.knewB.sawC.tldD.learned
25.A.in a hurryB.in persnC.in publicD.in a way
The giant panda is an animal ppular with peple all ver the wrld. With their black and white fur and sft rund bdies, they are lved by the ld and yung. D yu lve them? If yu d, why nt jin in a panda vlunteer prgram? Here are sme tips fr yu if yu want t be a vlunteer f the prgrams.
Bk(预定) Early
If yu dn't bk early, the prgrams may becme fully bked. Sme vlunteer prgrams limit(限制) the number f the vlunteers. We suggest bking at least ne week in advance(提前).
Fllw the instructins
Giant pandas lead a very different life. Smetimes, it is very hard fr them t stand utside influences. We'd better nt disturb(打扰)their peaceful life, s sme f the activities might be changed r canceled.
?Please d nt make any nise r mvements that might disturb the pandas.
?Please d nt get clse t the pandas r thrw fd t them, unless the panda keeper tells yu t d s. It might disturb the pandas' eating habits and cause them t becme sick.
?Fr yur safety d nt get int the cage. Tuch the adult pandas r let them tuch yu, unless the panda keeper tells yu t d s.
?D nt take phts r vides unless it's allwed.
Dress Cde
T prtect yurself when carrying bamb, please d nt wear shrts r slippery(滑的)shes. Als, pandas have a very keen(敏锐的)sense f smell. As yu will get very clse t them, pleased d nt wear perfume(香水)r nail plish.
26.If yu dn’t bk the prgram early, it may ________.
A.be changedB.be canceled
C.be put ffD.becme fully bked
27.The writer suggests bking at least ________in advance.
A.ne weekB.tw weeksC.three weeksD.fur weeks
28.Which f the fllwing is NOT TRUE, accrding t the passage?
A.D nt make any nise that might disturb the pandas.
B.Yu can thrw fd t the pandas freely if yu like.
C.D nt get int the cage withut being tld t d s.
D.D nt take phts r vides unless it's allwed.
29.Why are yu advised nt t wear shrts r slippery shes when carrying bamb?
A.T prtect pandas.B.T prtect bamb.
C.T prtect yurself.D.T prtect thers
30.Wh may be interested in this passage?
A.A peace lver.B.A panda lverC.A music lverD.A panda keeper.
In the last passage we've already talked abut sme dangerus plants, but we dn’t want t give anyne the wrng idea. The truth is that sme plants can hurt yu, but mst are cmpletely harmless. In fact, there are plenty f plants that are actually very useful t humans.
That is why plants are s ppular in Chinese medicine. Chinese medicine has been using plants fr at least 4, 800 years. One f the mst ppular plants in Chinese medicine is ginseng(人参). Dctrs f Chinese medicine believe that ginseng can help yur lungs(肺), clean yur bld and d many ther thing. Ginseng als prvides energy fr peple. In fact, many mdern energy drinks that yu see in stres have ginseng.
In sme parts f U.S., there is a plant called lady fern(蹄盖蕨). This is the plant yu need if yu’ve been stung by a bee, r if yu’ve gt a small burn r a cut. Lady ferns are great fr making yur skin feel better. All yu have t d is rll ne f its leaves and make it int pieces in yur hands. The juice inside the leaf will help yur skin feel better.
If yu’re hiking in Eurpe, lk fr a flwer called tansy(艾菊). This yellw flwer is a natural insects' enemy. Yu just rub it n yur skin, and insects will leave yu alne.
Sage(鼠尾草)is ne f the mst useful plants in the wrld. Because it has s many uses it's als quite valuable. Human beings have been using sage fr a very lng time. In Eurpe befre fridges appeared, peple used sage t keep fd. Over the years, peple have used sage t fight all kinds f health prblems. Sage has been used t treat clds, stp muscle(肌肉)prblems and reduce(减少) swelling. In fact, sage cmes frm the Latin wrd “salvere”, which means “t be saved”.
31.Hw many kinds f useful plants are mentined in the passage?
A.2B.3C.4D.5
32.Which f the fllwing abut ginseng is NOT TRUE?
A.It's still being used in Chinese medicine.
B.It can make peple feel sleepy.
C.It can be fund in many mdern energy drinks.
D.It is helpful t ur lungs and bld.
33.Lady ferns can make yur ________feel better.
A.SkinB.muscleC.burnD.cut
34.What des the passage say abut sage?
A.It's the mst useful plant in the wrld.B.It hasn’t been used by peple fr lng.
C.It was nce used t keep fd in Eurpe.D.Its name cmes frm a German wrd.
35.What can be the best title fr this passage?
A.Hw t prtect plantsB.Sme harmful plants
C.Hw t grw plantsD.Sme useful plants
There are cuntless myths(神话)t explain hw the wrld came t have a mn t bring light t the night time. But nw there is a plan fr a man-made mn. It will give us far mre light than the natural Mn.
China is preparing t put a man-made mn in the sky abve Chengdu by 2020. It will reflect sunlight back n t the Earth. If it succeeds, three mre such bjects will be sent ut in 2022, accrding t Wu Chunfeng, a space scientist. Wu said it wuld be similar t hw we get mnlight, but he predicted that the man-made mn wuld have eight times the brightness f the real ne. “This is because the bject will be abut 500 kilmeters abve the Earth. That will make it a lt clser t us than the Mn, which is ver 380,000 kilmeters away,” Wu added.
If the plan wrks, the man-made mn will save a lt f pwer. Scientists predict that Chengdu culd save arund 1.2 billin yuan in electricity every year if a new mn lit up 50 square kilmeters f the city. And in 2022, fur man-made mns can take turns t wrk as they will nt always be in the best psitin(位置)relative t the Sun. Tgether, they can give light t an area f up t 6, 400 square kilmeters n the Earth fr 24hurs. That means its brightness will be seen in mst areas in China, reducing the need fr streetlights.
36.Abve which city is China preparing t put a man-made mn in the sky by 2020?
A.BeijingB.ShanghaiC.ChengduD.Wuhan
37.The underlined wrd “reflect” in Paragraph2 means“________”.
A.吸收B.反射C.照耀D.覆盖
38.The man-made mn will be abut ________abve the Earth.
A.500 kilmetersB.380,000 kilmetersC.50 kilmetersD.6,400 kilmeters
39.What can we learn frm the passage?
A.The man-made mn will be as bright as the natural ne.
B.The man-made mn will wrk similarly t the natural ne.
C.The man-made mn has already lit up the city f Chengdu.
D.The man-made mnlight will cver the whle china.
40.Which part f a newspaper may this passage be frm?
A.CultureB.SprtsC.EducatinD.Science
Once upn a time, there was a farmer living in the State f Sng. He grew crps(庄稼)in a big field very hard every day. There std a big tree stump(树桩)in the field. One day, he was wrking in the field when he saw a rabbit run int the stump, break its neck and die accidentally(意外地).
41.That night he thught: “There is n need fr me t wrk s hard every day. All I have t d is wait by the tree stump and pick up the rabbit that runs int it.” S frm then n he stpped farming, and just sat by the tree stump waiting fr anther rabbit t cme and run int it. 42.Crps died and his field became waste gradually(逐渐地). But never did he see anther rabbit run int the tree stump.
43.They thught he tk the accident fr the inevitable(必然的).
In the stry, this farmer wanted t live a better life by hping fr having unexpected gd luck, but he was t lazy and flish.44.N ne can gain anything if he desn’t wrk hard.
Nwadays, peple use the phrase “waiting fr rabbits by a tree stump” t describe thse wh just wait and dream f reaping(收获)withut swing. 45.We shuld als keep in mind that it is a waste f time waiting fr smething that nly happens accidentally in ur life. Just cme dwn t earth.
A.Day in and day ut, he waited and waited.
B.We shuld stp daydreaming and get t smething practical.
C.Peple in the village laughed at him fr his flish behavir.
D.Happily, the farmer tk the rabbit hme and cked a delicius meal fr himself.
E.As the English saying ges, “n pains, n gains.”
In rder t get away frm the busy life in the big city, tw yung men decided t spend a hliday in the cuntryside. They enjyed the beautiful scenery and fresh air there. One day, while taking a walk tgether, they crssed a large field.
“Lk ut!” ne f the yung men shuted, because a bull(公牛) appeared and began t chase(追赶)them. The bull lked like a mnster and made a terrible rar(咆哮), rlling its big eyes. They were very scared. They ran as fast as they culd, but the bull kept running after them.
Finally, ne f the men climbed up a tree. The ther jumped int a hle, but sn he came ut f it. And then the bull chased him back int the hle.
“Stay there!” his friend shuted, but sn the man came ut again, and again the bull chased him right back.
The same thing went n anther three times.
At last, the man in the tree gt angry and shuted t his friend, “Hw flish yu are! I have tld yu t stay in the hle fr a while! Why are yu always cming ut?”
“It's easy fr yu t say,” the ther man said mre angrily. “But there is a bear in the hle!”
S yu see, smetimes things are nt what they appear t be. We shuld always try t stand in thers' shes and lk frm there.
46.Where did the tw yung men spend a hliday?
_________________________________________________________
47.What animal appeared and began t chase them?
__________________________________________________________
48.Hw many times in ttal did the man in the hle cme ut f it?
__________________________________________________________
49.What did the man in the tree think f the man in the hle?
__________________________________________________________
50.Why was the man in the hle always cming ut?
___________________________________________________________
从方框中选择适当的单词并用其正确形式填空。(每空一词)
kind as stand abut lse remember it when near treat
Nrman was a teacher f a middle schl. He enjyed running fr exercise arund the park when he was free.
One Sunday afternn, after running51.usual, Nrman decided t g hme and have a rest. Just then he nticed an ld lady52.by the rad. The ld lady lked arund wrriedly. Nrman went ver and asked what he culd d fr her. After a shrt talk, Nrman came t knw that she frgt her way hme and gt53.. Nrman called the ld lady's sn and then tk her t the54.restaurant.
In the restaurant, Nrman rdered fd fr her plitely. While eating, smetimes she carelessly sprinkled(撒)fd and drink n the table and n her cat. Other custmers(顾客)felt disgusted(厌恶)at the sight. But Nrman didn't care55.it. He cleaned the table frm time t time in silence and56.tk the ld lady sme time t finish eating. After that, Nrman paid the bill. They were ready t leave57.the ld lady's sn arrived. He held Nrmans hand and said, “Thanks t yur help, my mther was58.well.”
“Yu're welcme. She makes me59.my mm wh lives in the cuntryside. I just did what a sn shuld d.” said Nrman with a smile. All the custmers arund were mved b his60.and shwed respect t him.
根据对话内容,从A-G七个选项中,选出五个能补全对话的最佳选项(有两项多余)。
Mary: Jhn, what's wrng with yu? Are yu OK?
Jhn: 61.
Mary: I’m srry t hear that. Is it serius?
Jhn: Yes, a little. 62.
Mary: N, it desn’t sund like yu have a fever. 63.
Jhn: I played cmputer games all weekend.
Mary: 64.Yu need t take breaks away frm the cmputer.
Jhn: Yeah, I sat in the same way fr t lng withut mving.
Mary: 65.If yur neck still hurts tmrrw, then g t a dctr.
Jhn: OK. Thanks, Mary
A.That’s prbably why.
B.I have a headache.
C.What did yu d n the weekend?
D.What shuld I d?
E.I think yu shuld lie dwn and rest.
F.I can’t mve my neck and it hurts.
G.Shuld I take my temperature?
66.The pr by hasn’t eaten anything fr a whle day. He is very h_________.
67.There aren’t enugh bks fr each student. Sme f them have t s________ with ne anther.
68.What were yu ding when the heavy rain________(突然地)came?
69.It is very nisy utside and we________(想知道)what has happened.
70.The mre careful yu are, the fewer________(错误)yu'll make.
71.这对双胞胎兄弟有一个共同点:面临困难时他们从不轻易放弃。
The twin brthers have ne thing _________ _________: they never _________ __________ easily when they face difficulties.
72.你房间的灯还亮着。你离开之前不要忘记把它们关掉。
The lights in yur rm are still n. Dn’t frget _________ _________ __________ _________ befre yu leave.
73.与在湖里游泳相比,我更喜欢乘船游览仙岛湖。我认为在湖里游泳不安全。
I ________ taking a bat trip n the Xianda Lake ________ swimming in it. I dn’t think ________ ________ safe t swim in a lake.
74.电视节目《最强大脑》不仅励志而且有趣,非常值得观看。
The TV prgram Super Brain is ________ _________ encuraging but als interesting. It is well_______ ________.
75.他为父母感到自豪。不久前他们志愿参加了抗击新冠病毒的战役。
He is ________ ________ his parents. Bth f them vlunteered t ________ ________ in the battle against COVID-19 nt lng ag.
76. 我市某英文杂志社正面向九年级毕业生征文,请从以下要点中选择两到三点,写一篇题为“Hw t keep healthy”的短文,参加此次活动。
要点:
1.运动有益身心健康。多锻炼,如跑步,爬山,骑车等;
2.养成健康的饮食习惯, 如多喝水和牛奶,多吃蔬菜和水果,少吃垃圾食品和快餐;
3.学习有计划,早睡早起不熬夜,劳逸结合;
4.乐观,积极,友好,与同学和睦相处。
要求:
1.可结合自身事例,适当发挥;语言通顺,意思连贯
2.80词左右。(无须写标题,文章开头已给出,不计入总词数)
参考词汇:keep healthy physically and mentally保持身心健康
regularly有规律地 ptimistic乐观的
Keeping healthy plays an imprtant rle in ur daily life.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
参考答案
1.C
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:中国有句著名的谚语:不到长城非好汉。
考查冠词用法。a不定冠词,表示泛指;/表示不填;the定冠词,表示特指。true man表示泛指“一个真男人”,用不定冠词a;Great Wall是专有名词,前面用定冠词the。故选C。
2.B
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:——珍妮,这是你的猫吗?——不,我的是白色的。
考查形容词性和名词性物主代词用法。yu你,你们,主格或宾格;My我的,形容词性物主代词;yur你的,你们的,形容词性物主代词;Mine我的,名词性物主代词;yurs你的,你们的,名词性物主代词。第一空根据问句可知,问的是对方,横线后有名词cat,所以填形容词性物主代词yur;第二空答语横线后无名词,所以此空需填名词性物主代词。故选B。
3.D
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:在黄石越来越多的人选择骑自行车上班。
考查介词辨析。in在。里面;with和。一起;n在。上面;by通过。方式。根据句意可知,这里表示乘坐交通工具,in和n后跟交通工具时,都应有冠词或限定词;by后不用,故选D。
4.A
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:——北斗卫星导航系统最新一颗卫星在2020年6月23号成功发射了。——多么令人激动的消息啊!
考查感叹句。What多么;What an多么一则;Hw多么;Hw an多么一则。感叹句结构为what+(a/an)+形容词+名词+(主谓),或者hw+形容词/副词+(主谓);本句有名词news,不可数,不用an修饰。故选A。
5.B
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:——黄石第一辆有轨电车线路多快会完工?——在两到三年内。
考查疑问短语。Hw lng多长,多久,回答常用(fr+)一段时间或者长度;Hw sn多快,一般用一般将来时;Hw ften多久一次,问频率;Hw far多远,问距离。根据回答可知问的是时间,根据will以及in+一段时间可知,这是将来的时间。故选B。
6.C
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:我认为周杰伦的《莫吉托(Mjit)》比他上一首歌要好听。
考查形容词比较级。mre better更好;the best最好,最高级;much better好多了,比较级;mre gd更好,无此表达。此句有than,二者之间的比较,用比较级,不用最高级;gd的比较级是better,不能再用mre,可用much来修饰其程度。故选C。
7.A
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:上星期天他花了两个小时时间帮妈妈做家务。
考查非谓语动词。A. helping动名词或现在分词;B. helped过去式;C. t help动词不定式;D. help动词原形。根据英语表达习惯,spend time (in) ding sth.为固定搭配,意为“花费时间做某事”,故help应用动名词形式,故选A。
8.B
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:昨天我在超市遇见了我们的英语老师。
考查动词时态。meet遇见,动词原形;met是meet的过去式;have met现在完成时;has met现在完成时,主语为单数。根据句中的时间状语yesterday可知,这里说的是过去的事情,应用一般过去时态。故选B。
9.D
【解析】
【详解】
句意:——妈妈,我今晚能看电视吗?——当然,但是你必须先完成作业。
考查情态动词辨析。can可以,may可以,两者都可以引导一般疑问句表示请求。mustn't表禁止;culd能够;can't不能;must必须。根据语境可知,妈妈表示必须先完成作业才能看电视,故第二空格处应用情态动词must表必须。综上所述,D选项两空均正确。故选D。
10.A
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:——安吉拉,我想做罗宋汤,你能告诉我怎样做么?——我很愿意。首先你需要切碎蔬菜和牛肉。
考查动词短语。cut up切碎;cut dwn砍倒;cut ff切除;cut ut 切断。根据“make Russian sup”及“the vegetables and beef”可知,此处用动词短语cut up表示“把蔬菜和牛肉切碎”。故选A。
11.A
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:——我打算明天去国家矿山公园游玩,但是仍然不能决定怎么去。——开车去怎么样?
考查宾语从句。hw I'm ging如何去;where I'm ging去哪里;when I'm ging什么时候去;wh I'm ging with和谁去。根据答语driving可知,这是表示一种出行方式,所以用hw。故选A。
12.B
【解析】
【详解】
句意:——我讨厌扫地。——为什么不买个扫地机器人?它现在被广泛使用。
考查动词时态和被动语态。use一般现在时的主动语态;is used一般现在时的被动语态;was used一般过去时的被动语态;used一般过去时的主动语态。根据答语中nwadays可知,本句为一般现在时,且“扫地机器人”是“使用”动作的承受者,即机器人被使用,应为被动语态,故此处为一般现在时的被动语态。故选B。
13.D
【解析】
【详解】
句意:这所学校大约有800名学生。他们中五分之三是男孩。
考查分数表达。根据语境可知,他们中五分之三是男孩。英语中分数的表达适合“子基母序”原则,即分子为基数词,分母为序数词。若分子大于一,则分母用其复数形式。故五分之三应表示为three fifths。故选D。
14.C
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:——我听说一位年轻的消防员在大火中牺牲了。——好遗憾!尽管我不知道是谁,但是我知道他为了谁。他永远是我们的英雄。
考查连词。but但是;s因此;althugh尽管;because因为。“I dn't knw wh he is”是让步状语,用连词althugh表示“虽然,尽管”,故选C。
15.B
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:她每天早上都绕着慈湖跑步,是吗?
考查反意疑问句。des she是吗?desn’t she不是吗?did she一般过去时态;didn’t she一般过去时。陈述句部分是肯定句,反意疑问句用否定形式,先排除A和C。句中使用了一般现在时,排除D。故选B。
16.B
17.C
18.D
19.A
20.C
21.D
22.A
23.C
24.B
25.A
【解析】
【分析】
本文是一篇记叙文。文章讲述了从前有位老师以一种特殊的方式去教授学生,她曾经派他的四个学生分别去农场观察不同季节的苹果树,结果得到的答案各不相同。该故事告诉我们看事情要全面。
16.
句意:他经常用特殊的方法教学生。
tld告诉;taught教;asked问;warned警告。根据上下文“there lived a teacher in a small village. He ften ____ his students in special ways”可知,老师用特殊的方法教学生。故选B。
17.
句意:一天,他派四个学生去一个小农场观察不同季节的苹果树。
natural自然的;strange奇怪的;different不同的;beautiful美丽的。根据下文“The first student went in winter, the secnd in spring, the third in summer, and the last in autumn”可知,老师让他们观察不同季节的苹果树。故选C。
18.
句意:四个学生回来后,老师把他们叫到一起。
std站立;arrived到达;fund找到;came回来。根据“After the fur students ____ back, the teacher called them tgether”可知,学生们从农场回来后,老师把他们叫到一起,故此处应为came back。故选D。
19.
句意:他们向老师描述了自己的感受。
feelings感受;interviews采访;trips旅行; surveys调查。根据下文“It made me feel hpeful…I felt s relaxed”可知,学生们向老师描述自己观察苹果树的感受。故选A。
20.
句意:这使他感到非常失望。
tired劳累的;amazed惊讶的;disappinted失望的;excited兴奋的。根据上文“The first student said that there were n leaves n the trees”可知,第一个学生看到的苹果树上没有叶子,这使他非常失望。故选C。
21.
句意:第二个学生不同意。
explained解释;ndded点头;thught认为;disagreed不同意。根据下文“My eyes were full f light green”可知,第二个人看到树上都是叶子,因此不同意第一个人说树上没有叶子。故选D。
22.
句意:花香四溢,吸引了许多蜜蜂和蝴蝶。
flwers花;trees树;apples苹果;leaves树叶。根据“The sweet smell f the ____ spread here and there attracting(吸引)many bees and butterflies”可知,花香四溢,吸引了蜜蜂和蝴蝶。故选A。
23.
句意:老师微笑着告诉他的学生们都没有错,但每个人都只看到了一个季节。
all全部,三者或以上;bth两者都;nne一个也没有;sme一些。根据“The teacher smiled and tld his students ____ f them were wrng, but each just ______ ne seasn”可知,老师说因为学生只是看到了一个季节,并没有看到全部的季节,所以感受是不同的,故没有一个学生的感受是错误的。故选C。
24.
句意:老师微笑着告诉他的学生们没有错,但每个人都只看到了一个季节。
knew知道;saw看见;tld告诉;learned学习。根据下文“…by seeing nly ne seasn”可知,每个学生都只看到了一个季节,应用动词saw。故选B。
25.
句意:在你还没看清事情的全部情况之前,不要急于下结论。
in a hurry急忙地;in persn亲自;in public当众;in a way在某种程度上。根据“Dn't try t make a cnclusin(结论)_____ befre yu see the whle f it”可知,每件事都有不同面,在看清事物的全部之前,不要急着下结论。故选A。
26.D
27.A
28.B
29.C
30.B
【解析】
【分析】
这是一篇说明文,文章主要是给想参加熊猫志愿者项目的人的一些建议,要提前预订,要遵循一些规则以及穿着的注意事项。
26.
细节理解题。根据第二段“If yu dn't bk early, the prgrams may becme fully bked”如果你不早点预订的话,项目可能被预订满了。故选D。
27.
细节理解题。根据“We suggest bking at least ne week in advance”建议至少提前一周预订。故选A。
28.
推理判断题。根据“d nt make any nise r mvements that might disturb the pandas” 可知A选项表述正确。根据“Please d nt get clse t the pandas r thrw fd t them” 可知B选项表述错误。 根据“Fr yur safety d nt get int the cage. Tuch the adult pandas r let them tuch yu, unless the panda keeper tells yu t d s.” 可知C选项表述正确。根据“D nt take phts r vides unless it's allwed”可知D选项表述正确。故选B。
29.
细节理解题。根据最后一段“T prtect yurself when carrying bamb, please d nt wear shrts r slippery shes”可知是为了保护你自己。故选C。
30.
推理判断题。A peace lver和平爱好者。A panda lver熊猫爱好者。A music lver音乐爱好者。A panda keeper熊猫管理员。根据第一段“D yu lve them? If yu d, why nt jin in a panda vlunteer prgram? Here are sme tips fr yu if yu want t be a vlunteer f the prgrams”文章主要是写给喜欢熊猫想参加熊猫志愿者项目的人。故选B。
31.C
32.B
33.A
34.C
35.D
【解析】
【分析】
这是一篇说明文,文章介绍了四种对人有作用的植物。
31.
推理判断题。根据“ginseng” “lady fern” “tansy”及“Sage”可知共有四种植物。故选C。
32.
推理判断题。根据第二段“Chinese medicine has been using plants fr at least 4, 800 years. One f the mst ppular plants in Chinese medicine is ginseng ”可知A选项表述正确。 “Ginseng als prvides energy fr peple”可知B选项表述错误。根据“In fact, many mdern energy drinks that yu see in stres have ginseng”可知C选项表述正确。根据“Dctrs f Chinese medicine believe that ginseng can help yur lungs, clean yur bld and d many ther thing”可知D选项表述正确。故选B。
33.
细节理解题。根据第三段“Lady ferns are great fr making yur skin feel better… The juice inside the leaf will help yur skin feel better”可知蹄盖蕨可让你的皮肤变好。故选A。
34.
推理判断题。根据最后一段“ne f the mst useful plants in the wrld”可知A选项表述错误。根据“Human beings have been using sage fr a very lng time”可知B选项表述错误。根据“In Eurpe befre fridges appeared, peple used sage t keep fd”可知C选项表述正确。根据“In fact, sage cmes frm the Latin wrd ‘salvere’, which means ‘t be saved’ ”可知D选项表述错误。故选C。
35.
标题概括题。文章介绍了四种对人有作用的植物,标题可概括为Sme useful plants。故选D。
36.C
37.B
38.A
39.B
40.D
【解析】
【分析】
这是一篇说明文,文章主要介绍了人造月亮计划的基本情况。
36.
细节理解题。根据第二段“China is preparing t put a man-made mn in the sky abve Chengdu by 2020”可知是在成都。故选C。
37.
词义猜测题。根据“sunlight back n t the Earth”可知reflect表示“反射”。故选B。
38.
细节理解题。根据第二段“the bject will be abut 500 kilmeters abve the Earth”人造月亮在地球上空500千米。故选A。
39.
推理判断题。根据“Wu said it wuld be similar t hw we get mnlight, but he predicted that the man-made mn wuld have eight times the brightness f the real ne”可知A选项“as bright as the natural ne”表述错误。B选项“The man-made mn will wrk similarly t the natural ne.”人造月亮和月亮的工作相同,表述正确。根据“China is preparing t put a man-made mn in the sky abve Chengdu by 2020”可知C选项“has already lit up the city f Chengdu”表述错误。根据“they can give light t an area f up t 6, 400 square kilmeters n the Earth fr 24hurs. That means its brightness will be seen in mst areas in China, reducing the need fr streetlights”可知D选项“the whle china”表述错误。故选B。
40.
推理判断题。culture文化;sprts运动;educatin教育;science科学。文章主要介绍的是人造月亮,可推知来自于报纸的科学版面。故选D。
41.D
42.A
43.C
44.E
45.B
【解析】
【分析】
本文是一篇记叙文。文章主要讲述《守株待兔》的故事,这个故事告诉我们:没有付出就没有收获,也不要把偶然当成必然。
41.
根据上文“One day, he was wrking… and die accidentally”以及下文“There is n need fr me t wrk s hard every day”可知,农夫看到兔子撞到树桩并且意外地死了,这是个没有付出任何劳动的意外之喜,于是觉得没有必要每天那么辛苦工作,与之搭配的是:很高兴地,农夫把兔子拿回家,给自己做了一顿可口的饭。故选D。
42.
根据上文“just sat by the … cme and run int it.”以及下文“Crps died and his field became waste gradually”可知,农夫一直坐在树桩旁等兔子自己撞上去,稻田庄稼渐渐变得荒芜,与之搭配的是:一天又一天,他等啊等啊。故选A。
43.
根据上文发生的事以及下文“They thught he tk the accident fr the inevitable”,他们都认为农夫把一个意外当成是必然,与之搭配的是:村里人都笑话他这种愚蠢的行为。故选C。
44.
根据下文“N ne can gain anything if he desn’t wrk hard.”可知,没有人可以通过不努力工作得到任何东西,与之搭配的是:正如英语谚语讲的:没有付出,没有收获。故选E。
45.
根据上文“peple use the phrase…withut swing”可知,《守株待兔》是形容那些不去播种,只靠等待和做梦来收获的人,与之搭配的是:我们应该停止做白日梦,应该采取一些实际行动。故选B。
46.In the cuntryside.
47.A bull.
48.Five times.
49.The man in the hle was flish.
50.Because there was a bear in the hle.
【解析】
【分析】
这是一篇记叙文,文章讲述两个年轻人去度假碰到一头公牛追赶,他们想办法躲起来的故事。作者由此启发读者事物的表面不是真实的情况,要站在别人的立场来看问题。
46.
根据第一段“tw yung men decided t spend a hliday in the cuntryside”可知两个年轻人去乡下度假。故答案为In the cuntryside.
47.
根据第二段“a bull(公牛) appeared and began t chase(追赶)them”可知一头公牛出现开始追赶他们。故答案为A bull.
48.
根据“The ther jumped int a hle, but sn he came ut f it. And then the bull chased him back int the hle”,“sn the man came ut again, and again the bull chased him right back”及“The same thing went n anther three times”可知一个年轻人从洞里出来了五次。故答案为Five times.
49.
根据倒数第三段“Hw flish yu are”可知树上的人觉得洞里的人很愚蠢。故答案为The man in the hle was flish.
50.
根据倒数第二段“there is a bear in the hle”可知洞里的人出来的原因是洞里有一只熊。故答案为Because there was a bear in the hle.
51.as
52.standing
53.lst
54.nearest
55.abut
56.it
57.when
58.treated
59.remember
60.kindness
【解析】
【分析】
文章大意:Nrman是一所中学的教师, 一个星期天的下午,他像往常一样跑完步,决定回家休息时,遇到了一位迷路的老太太。Nrman给老太太的儿子打了电话,并把老太太带到了最近的餐馆,还给她点了饭菜招待她。老太太的儿子赶到后,对Nrman表示感谢。Nrman说他这样做是因为老太太使他想起了自己住在乡下的母亲,他只是做了一个儿子应该做的。周围的顾客都被他的善良所感动,并对他表示尊敬。
51.
句意:一个星期天的下午,像往常一样跑完步后,诺曼决定回家休息。
根据after running __1__usual,由后面的关键词usual,结合备选词汇,可知此处表达的应是“像往常一样”as usual,固定搭配,故答案为as。
52.
句意:就在这时,他注意到一位老太太站在路边。
根据Just then he nticed an ld lady__2__by the rad.结合备选词汇,以及上文语境,可知在作者打算回家时,他注意到一位老太太正站在路边,stand站立,动词;ntice sb ding sth.注意到某人正在做某事,故答案为standing。
53.
句意:经过短暂的交谈,Nrman知道她忘记了回家的路,迷路了。
根据Nrman came t knw that she frgt her way hme,结合gt__3__.及备选词汇,可知她忘记了回家的路,应该是“迷路”了,get lst迷路,故答案为lst。
54.
句意:Nrman打电话给老太太的儿子,然后把她带到最近的餐馆。
根据Nrman called the ld lady's sn and then tk her t the___4___restaurant.结合上下文语境,及备选词汇,可知是Nrman给老太太的儿子打了电话后,把她带到了附近的餐馆,near附近的,形容词,设空处前面有定冠词the修饰,可知这里应用其最高级形式nearest,故答案为nearest。
55.
句意:但Nrman并不在乎。
根据上文Other custmers felt disgusted at the sight. 其他顾客对这一景象感到厌恶。结合But Nrman didn't care__5__it.及备选词汇,可知是Nrman并不在乎,care abut担心,在乎,故答案为abut。
56.
句意:他不时地默默地打扫桌子,老太太花了一段时间才把饭吃完。
根据__6__tk the ld lady sme time t finish eating.结合备选词汇,可知此处考查固定句型it takes/tk sb sme time t d sth.花费某人多长时间去做某事,故答案为it。
57.
句意:当老太太的儿子到达时,他们正准备离开。
根据They were ready t leave__7__the ld lady's sn arrived. 结合备选词汇,可知是当老太太的儿子到达时,Nrman和老太太正准备离开,故答案为when。
58.
句意:多亏你的帮助,我母亲才受到很好的款待。
根据Thanks t yur help, my mther was__8__well. 结合备选词汇,可知多亏你的帮助,我母亲才受到很好的款待。treat对待,款待,由题干可知主语my mther和谓语动词之间是被动关系,所以应用被动语态,即be+动词的过去分词,故答案为treated。
59.
句意:她让我想起了我住在乡下的母亲。
根据She makes me___9___my mm wh lives in the cuntryside.结合备选词汇,可知是她让我想起了我住在乡下的母亲。remember记得,想起,make sb d sth.使/让某人做某事,故答案为remember。
60.
句意:周围的顾客都被他的善良所感动,并对他表示尊敬。
根据and shwed respect t him.结合All the custmers arund were mved by his__10__,及备选词汇,可知是周围的顾客都被他的善良所感动。kind善良的,形容词,设空处前面有形容词性的物主代词his修饰,所以这里应填入一个名词,与kind所对应的名词是kindness,意为“善良,好意”,故答案为kindness。
61.F
62.G
63.C
64.A
65.E
【解析】
【分析】
这个对话是在Mary和Jhn之间进行的,Jhn感觉不舒服,Mary询问了他一些情况,了解了造成他不舒服的原因,并给他提出了建议。
61.
句意:——Jhn,你怎么了?你还好吗?——我的脖子不能动,而且很疼。
根据上文“what's wrng with yu? Are yu OK?”可知,Mary看到Jhn有点不舒服,所以关心地问他。Jhn应该回答自己哪里不舒服,再结合下文“If yur neck still hurts tmrrw, then g t a dctr.”可知,Jhn的脖子很疼。故选F。
62.
句意:——严重吗?——有点儿。我应该量一下体温吗?——不,听起来你不像是发烧了。
根据下面的回答“N, it desn’t sund like yu have a fever.”可知,Jhn觉得自己发烧了,想问是否该测量体温。故选G。
63.
句意:——你周末做什么了?——我整个周末都在玩电脑。
根据下面的回答“I played cmputer games all weekend.”可知,Mary问Jhn周末的活动,C选项符合语境,故选C。
64.
句意:——那可能就是原因,你需要离开电脑休息一下。
根据语境可知,Mary知道Jhn是整个周末都在玩电脑,她觉得这可能就是造成Jhn不舒服的原因,A选项符合语境,故选A。
65.
句意:——我认为你应该躺下来休息一下。如果明天你的脖子还疼,就去看医生。
根据语境可知,Mary知道了造成Jhn不舒服的原因,这里是给他提建议,告诉他该怎么办。E选项符合语境。故选E。
66.hungry
【解析】
【详解】
句意:这个可怜的男孩已经一整天没吃东西了。他非常饥饿。
根据语境可知,这个男孩一整天没有吃东西,所以他很饿。hungry饥饿的,形容词,在句中作表语。故答案为hungry。
67.share
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:这里没有足够的书给每一个学生。他们中的一些人不得不互相分享。
空格处所给首字母为s。根据上文There aren’t enugh bks fr each student可知,书的数量不够,不能人手一本,所以一部分人只能互相分享。share with为固定搭配,意为“与。分享”,且位于have t d结构中,故动词share应用原形。故答案为share。
68.suddenly
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:当暴雨突然来临的时候,你正在做什么?
突然地:suddenly,副词词性,修饰后面动词came。故答案为suddenly。
69.wnder
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:外面很吵,我们想知道发生了什么。
根据it is可知句子是一般现在时。此处缺谓语动词,后面是what引导的宾语从句,主语是we,此处表示“想知道”用动词原形wnder。故答案为wnder。
70.mistakes
【解析】
【详解】
句意:你越仔细,你犯得错误就越少。
“mistake”错误,可数名词,句中fewer修饰可数名词复数,故此处应用其复数形式mistakes。故答案为mistakes。
71.in cmmn give up
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
根据句意可知,第一句话中考查短语“和。有共同之处”have smething in cmmn;第二句话考查短语give up,意为“放弃”,该句使用的是一般现在时态,动词用原形。故答案为in cmmn;give up。
72.t turn them ff
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
表示“忘记做某事”用frget t d ,此处用动词不定式;表示“把它们关掉”用动词短语turn ff,宾语用them替代the lights,them放在turn ff中间。故答案为t turn them ff。
73.prefer t it is
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
第一句话考查句型prefer ding sth. t ding sth.“比起。更喜欢做。”,主语为I,该句用的是一般现在时态,动词用原形;第二句话考查it作形式主语的句型,it is+形容词+t d sth.“做某事是。的”。故答案为prefer, t, it, is。
74.nt nly wrth watching
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
不仅。而且。:nt nly…but als…,固定搭配;值得:wrth,短语be wrth ding sth.,后面用动词的-ing形式,观看:watch。故答案为nt;nly;wrth;watching。
75.prud f take part
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
根据中英文对比可知,空格处应填入意为“为。感到自豪”和“参加”的短语。be prud f意为“以。为豪”,take part in意为“参加,参与”,第三,四空位于vlunteer t d sth.结构,故动词take应用原形。故答案为(1). prud (2). f (3). take (4). part。
76.[例文]
Keeping healthy plays an imprtant rle in ur daily life. What shuld we d t keep healthy?
First, exercise is gd fr keeping healthy physically and mentally. We can participate in regular exercise, such as cycling, muntain climbing, running and s n. Secnd, it’s very imprtant fr us t frm healthy eating habits. We shuld drink mre water and milk, and eat mre vegetables and fruits. And we shuld avid eating t much junk fd and fast fd. Third, we shuld be ptimistic, psitive and friendly. We shuld als get alng well with classmates.
If we try t d that, we’ll be a healthier persn.
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
1.题干解读:本题为材料作文,要求就“Hw t keep healthy”为主题写一篇短文。时态用现在时,人称用第一人称或第二人称。
2.例文点评:例文分三段,首段用于引出文章主题,第二段则详细叙述了应该如何健康生活,第三段做结尾,倡议人们按照上面的建议去做,去健康生活。例文层次分明,思路清晰,叙述流畅,是一篇合格的例文。
3.高分亮点:
短语:be gd fr,participate in,such as,and s n,get alng well with。
句型:
(1)Secnd, it’s very imprtant fr us t frm healthy eating habits.(it作形式主语)
(2)If we try t d that, we’ll be a healthier persn.(if引导条件状语从句)
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