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湖北省襄阳市2020年中考英语试题及参考答案
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湖北省襄阳市2020年中考英语试题及参考答案

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这是一份湖北省襄阳市2020年中考英语试题及参考答案,共30页。


1.— It’s said that Zhu Jielun will hld a cncert next mnth in Xiangyang.
— I’m sure the fans will be happy _______ it’s true.
A.untilB.althughC.befreD.if
2.— Maybe I can’t pass the English test this time, Mum.
— Dn’t wrry. Believe in ___________.
A.itB.usC.yurselfD.yurs
3.— Wang Lin did ___________ in the final exam this term again.
— That’s nt strange. He always gets full marks in all f his subjects.
A.wrstB.wrseC.bestD.better
4.— What’s yur brther’s ___________?
— It’s abut 1.75 meters. He’s the tallest in his class.
A.ageB.addressC.weightD.height
5.— Let’s divide the rubbish int different kinds befre thrwing it away.
—OK. It’s ___________ us t use sme f it again.
A.thankful tB.gd frC.similar tD.painful fr
6.— Hw ___________ yur sfa feels!
— Is it like a sft bed? I ften lie n it fr a shrt break at nn.
A.terribleB.cmfrtableC.humrusD.dangerus
7.— Can yur little brther ___________ frm 1 t 100?
— Yes. He began t learn t say the simple numbers at the age f ne.
A.cuntB.hearC.guessD.spread
8.— Is the weather still ht and dry these days?
— Yes. It will ___________ rain this week.
A.hardlyB.actuallyC.mstlyD.recently
9.— Hw des the banana milk shake ___________?
— Delicius. I’d like t have anther glass.
A.lkB.smellC.tasteD.sund
10.—Have yu ever seen the 3D film?
—Yes. It can make yu ___________ being in the real situatin.
A.grw upB.lk verC.shw upD.feel like
11.—Must the children get up at six tmrrw mrning?
—N, they _____________. Let them have a gd sleep n weekends.
A.can’tB.needn’tC.mustn’tD.may nt
12.—T the students, what shuld the teacher ___________ at schl?
—Of curse the ways they study, I think.
A.give upB.part withC.care abutD.clear ut
13.— Has Jack slved the difficult math prblem?
— Nt yet. But I believe he ___________ in a few minutes.
A.has wrked it utB.will wrk it utC.was wrking it utD.wrks it ut
14.— Why have I never seen this kind f 5G mbile phne?
— Because it ___________ by Huawei last week.
A.was prducedB.wuld prduceC.have prducedD.was prducing
15.— D yu knw ___________?
— Yes. They’ll g there by train at 8:30 tmrrw mrning.
A.hw wuld they leave fr Beijing
B.hw will they leave fr Beijing
C.hw they wuld leave fr Beijing
D.hw they will leave fr Beijing
My dad had t leave high schl t supprt his mm and six brthers and sisters at the age f 16. He tells my brthers and me the stries f when he was ur age.
One day, when he came hme after schl, he fund a 16 n the dr. It said that his family must mve ut f the huse at nce.
Smking and drinking 17 all his dad’s mney, but my dad wasn’t angry abut it. Instead, when he remembered the happy times he had sat with his father enjying ftball matches, he felt a little 18 .
My dad’s little sister wuld cry at birthday parties 19 she culd never have ne f her wn at hme. My brthers and I have had 20 every year, but we had my dad’s first birthday party when he was frty.
He tell us t wrk hard and stay in schl. We’ve heard it s much that smetimes we dn’t take it 21 But nw I ften think f his wrds: “There’s 22 yu can’t d if yu stay in schl and wrk hard.” I think my father’s fate( 命运) wuld be changed 23 if he’d had just ne persn saying thse wrds t him.
He wrks hard fr 16 hurs a day, s we can 24 a gd hme and d the things he never culd.
My dad has always tld me this, but nw it’s my turn. I am s 25 f yu, Dad.
16.A.mapB.stampC.nticeD.menu
17.A.spentB.cstC.paidD.tk
18.A.nervusB.afraidC.wrriedD.excited
19.A.becauseB.whetherC.althughD.after
20.A.theirsB.ursC.yursD.his
21.A.slwlyB.quicklyC.seriuslyD.simply
22.A.smethingB.nthingC.anythingD.everything
23.A.darklyB.plitelyC.differentlyD.carefully
24.A.catchB.lseC.jinD.wn
25.A.prudB.angryC.sadD.lucky
Bys and girls,
This term is ver, here are sme wrds fr yu. Please take yur nte hme and let yur parents knw hw great yu are. Remember t bring it back with yur parents’ wrds next term.
Wang Hai: Yu are a clever by. Yu wn the math cmpetitin this term in ur schl. Next term, please pay attentin t yur weight and keep ding sprts t keep fit.
Han Yan: I believe yu are the mst ppular girl in ur class, yu are s utging that everyne wants t be yur friend. D better in yur English, then yu’ll be much better.
Hu Fang: Yur vice is s beautiful, we all like t listen t yur singing. Dn’t be shy, try t sing in frnt f us. Als, wrk hard n yur math, maybe Wang Hai can help yu.
Sun Hua: P.E. is yur favrite, yu’ re always a star at the sprts meet. But I think Chinese is als imprtant. The mre yu read, the mre yu will learn.
26.__________ wn the math cmpetitin this term at schl.
A.Sun HuaB.Han YanC.Hu FangD.Wang Hai
27.Han Yan is weak in __________.
A.ChineseB.mathC.EnglishD.physics
28.Hu Fang feels a little __________ t sing in frnt f her classmates.
A.utgingB.shyC.ppularD.weak
29.Sun Hua can __________ t imprve his Chinese.
A.d mre readingB.d mre hmewrkC.d mre writingD.d mre sprts
30.Wh d yu think wrte these ntes?
A.The parent.B.The teacher.C.The dctr.D.The plice.
My husband Shane and I were hanging ut n the street ne evening. I was talking but he was lking ver at smene.
He walked ver t a yung girl wh was crying. As he talked t her, I culd see frm his bdy language that he was trying t calm(使平静) her dwn. When I jined them, I realized that she had been hmeless fr sme time. She tld Shane that all she wanted was t g t her sister’s huse in anther city.
Sme peple wuld have handed her sme mney, wished her lunch r maybe allwed her t make a call. Shane did much mre. He said, "Kelly, I can’t leave her here like this. Smetimes peple need smene nt nly t help them but t believe they’re telling the truth.”
It was a bit cld, s we had an idea t take her hme. When I asked her if she’d like t g hme with us, she thanked me abut a millin times with tears in her eyes.
We went hme and I gave her sme clean clthes t wear and tld her she culd use the shwer. We ate smething. Finally, she tld us her stry.
In the mrning she was finally able t get a hld f her sister, s she had a place t g. Shane drve her t the bus statin and bught her a ticket.
Smetimes what peple need is nt just mney, but peple wh will trust, listen t and understand them.
31.Kelly knew Shane was making the girl be quiet because she __________.
A.heard what they saidB.saw his bdy language
C.asked Shane what he saidD.was ding the same thing
32.Shane wanted t __________ when he knew her truble n the street.
A.give the girl sme mneyB.let the girl use his phne
C.have a lunch with the girlD.take the girl t their hme
33.Chse the true sentence accrding t the furth paragraph.
A.The girl was s hungry that she began t cry.
B.The girl didn’t believe in Shane and Kelly at all.
C.The girl agreed t g with Shane and Kelly sn.
D.Kelly felt unhappy when she heard what Shane said.
34.The phrase “get a hld f” in the sixth paragraph means“__________”in Chinese.
A.联系B.抓住C.看到D.控制
35.Frm this article we knw __________.
A.Shane drve the girl t her sister’s hme
B.Shane and Kelly met the girl’s sister at last
C.the girl’s sister and Shane lived in the same city
D.the girl went t the city her sister lived in by bus
February 29th cmes up n the calendar nly every fur years. A year with a February 29th might be gd news if yu are paid by the day r the week. But it might be bad news if yu were brn n a February 29th. Yu have t wait three years in between birthdays!
American English has an expressin fr the unusual situatin. February 29th is called a leap day. And the year with a February 29th in it is called a leap year. This year, 2020, is such a year.
As a verb, the wrd “leap” means t jump, r t mve quickly. “Leap” can als be a nun, meaning a jump, r a sudden mve.
In a leap year, the dates jump ver ne day f the week. Let me explain. In 2017, the last day f the year, December 31th, fell n a Sunday. In 2018, it fell n a Mnday. In 2019, it fell n a Tuesday. But in 2020, December 31th will fall n a Thursday. It jumps right ver Wednesday.
The reasn fr a leap day r a leap year is because ur calendar des nt fllw the Earth’s rbit(轨道) arund the sun exactly. Each year, we have a little time left ver. S every fur years, we put all that time tgether int an extra(额外的)day.
Sme peple chse t marry n February 29th because it is an unusual date. But sme ancient peples wuld likely tell cuples nt t d it. Leap years were believed t be difficult, and leap days were unlucky. T be hnest, these have n scientific basis(依据).
36.A 20-year-ld persn has __________ birthdays if he/she was brn n a February 29th.
A.20B.15C.10D.5
37.A leap year means ne mre __________ is added in the calendar f the year.
A.mnthB.yearC.dayD.week
38.The last day f 2021 will fall n __________ accrding t this article.
A.SaturdayB.FridayC.SundayD.Mnday
39.Sme peple chse t marry n February 29th because __________.
A.it’s quite a special dateB.it’s quite an unlucky day
C.it can save mre mneyD.it’s a traditinal custm
40.Which f the fllwing sentences is nt true accrding t this article?
A.Scientists tell cuples nt t marry n a leap day.
B.The leap year r leap day cmes nce every fur years.
C.Sme ancient peples believed that leap days were unlucky.
D.We have a little time left each year befre a leap year cmes.
Here are sme gd suggestins fr yu t learn English well.
41. Even if there is n ne arund t speak t, talk t yurself. Name things as yu pass them. This simple language learning skill will help yu understand these everyday wrds.
Talk t yur friends yu knw in English. 42. They may understand yu even if they dn’t speak it. Simple expressins like “Gd mrning!” in English will make thse sentences mre natural t yu. Yur friends may even start t learn a few sentences as well.
43. Yu’ll hear the language used in a real situatin and this will help yu judge(判断) the prnunciatin even better. Yn will als cme t further understand and better enjy the culture behind the language.
The easiest language learning skill is t try! Dn’t be afraid t make mistakes when yu speak and write English. In fact, yu will learn as much frm yur mistakes as yu will learn frm yur success. 44. .
It’s a gd way t find an English club. It’s helpful t speak with ther peple wh are still ging thrugh the curse f learning English. 45. .
A.Explain t them yu are practicing it.
B.They will give yu lts f learning skills.
C.Yu can speak Chinese with yur friends.
D.Listen t English sngs when yu are free.
E.The best way t get better at English is t speak it.
F.Never let the fear f making any mistakes hld yu back.
46.我妹妹对地理感兴趣。(be)
My sister ________________________________ .
47.当我们走进社区的时候,志愿者们正在分发一些新鲜蔬菜,(give)
When we came int the cmmunity, the vlunteers ________________________.
48.出于新冠肺炎的影响,老师们决定工作日在线上教英语。(decide)
Because f the COVID-19 the teachers ________________________ .
49.那位著名的作家说他已经创作完成了第五部科幻小说。(finish)
The famus writer says ________________________.
50.任何有发烧症状的人必须尽快与其他人彻底隔离。(separate)
________________________ thers as sn as pssible.
Scientists have lng wndered hw Australia’s kalas get enugh water t live. A new study p51. an answer.
The lead writer f the new reprt n kalas is Valentina Mella f the University f Sydney. It was earlier t52. , she explains, that the animals gt mst f the water they needed in the leaves they ate.
In the wild, kalas get water frm the plant leaves they eat. But they als get it frm water r53. dwn frm the trees during it rains.
Mella and ther scientists w54. kalas in the wild every year. They find that kalas are a55. at night. They live in trees and depend n them fr fd, drinking and als fr resting places.
Kalas spend mst f the time high up in the trees. They eat lts f leaves. An adult kala n56. eats between 0.5 and 0.8 kg f leaves a day, Kalas sleep abut 20 hurs a day.
Mella ntes that a kala usually spends 98% f its 57. in trees. She als ntes that the nly time they cme dwn t the grund is t d58. anther tree with better leaves.
In fact, the wrd “kala” means “n drink” in the 59. language. Kalas did nt g dwn nt the grund very ften. S it was cnsidered that they had n need t drink water.
The kalas’ living e60. is getting wrse nw because the fires frm September 2019 t January 2020 in Australia have burned abut 30% f the frests where they live.
61. “来时严冬,归时援春,襄阳人民永感恩!”在今年的抗“疫”战斗中,援襄医护工作者为襄阳人民做出了牺牲,同时他们的家人也为襄阳人民默默地奉献着。你的笔友刘杰是一位中学生,他在家中用自己的行动支持妈妈的援襄工作。假如你是张华,请你用英语给刘杰写一封邮件,表达你衷心的谢意。
1.要点提示:
(1)列出刘杰所做的支持他妈妈工作的两件事情。
(2)写出你将邀请刘杰一家参加的两项活动,以示谢意。
(3)简要表达你对刘杰一家人的祝愿或期盼。
2.注意事项:
(1)90词左右。
(2)行文应连贯流畅。
(3)文中不得出现真实姓名和学校名。
Dear Liu Jie,
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
ZhangHua
参考答案
1.D
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:——据说周杰伦下个月在襄阳举办音乐会。——如果是真的,我确定粉丝会很开心。
考查连词。until直到;althugh尽管;befre在。之前;if如果。此处表示条件“如果是真的”用连词if引导条件状语从句,故选D。
2.C
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:——妈妈,或许这次我不能通过英语考试。——不要担心。相信你自己。
考查代词辨析。it它;us我们;yurself你自己;yurs你的/你们的。根据Maybe I can’t pass the English test this time, Mum及Dn’t wrry,可知,此处是安慰对方不要担心,要相信自己,用反身代词neself表示“某人自己”,所以空格处填yurself。故选C。
3.C
【解析】
【详解】
句意:——王林这学期期末考试考得又是最好的。——这并不奇怪。他所有科目总是得满分。
考查情景交际及最高级。wrst最差的,最高级;wrse更差的,比较级;best最好的,最高级;better更好的,比较级。根据答语“He always gets full marks in all f his subjects”可知,王林所有科目都是满分,所以他期末考试考得最好,故应用最高级best。故选C。
4.D
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:——你哥哥的身高是多少?——大约1.75米,他是他班上最高的。
考查名词。age年龄;address地址;weight重量;height高度。根据“It’s abut 1.75 meters. He’s the tallest”可知此处讲述的是身高,用名词height。故选D 。
5.B
【解析】
【详解】
句意:——在把垃圾扔掉之前,让我们把垃圾分成不同的种类。——好的。再次使用它对我们有好处。
考查形容词短语辨析。thankful t感谢;gd fr对。有好处;similar t与。相似;painful fr对。痛苦。根据语境可知,扔垃圾之前进行垃圾分类,再次使用对我们有好处。故选B。
6.B
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:——你的沙发感觉好舒服!——它是不是像沙发床?我经常中午躺在上面休息一会儿。
考查形容词。terrible糟糕的;cmfrtable舒服的;humrus幽默的;dangerus危险的。根据“I ften lie n it fr a shrt break at nn”可知此处用形容词cmfrtable表示“舒服的”。故选B。
7.A
【解析】
【详解】
句意:——你弟弟能从1数到100吗?——可以。他一岁时就开始学习说简单的数字。
考查动词辨析。cunt数;hear听;guess猜;spread传播。根据“say the simple numbers”可知,问句是询问能否从1数到100,故应用动词cunt。故选A。
8.A
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:——这些日子天气仍然很干热么?——是的,这周几乎没有雨。
考查副词。hardly几乎不;actually事实上;mstly一般;recently最近。根据Yes可知天气干热,此处表示的是否定意义“几乎没有雨”,用副词hardly。故选A。
9.C
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:——香蕉奶昔品尝起来怎么样?——美味。我想要再来一杯。
考查感官动词。lk看起来;smell闻起来;taste品尝;sund听起来。根据“Delicius. I’d like t have anther glass”可知此处用taste表示“品尝”。故选C。
10.D
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:——你看过3D电影吗?——是的。它能让你感觉身处真实的环境中。
考查动词短语。grw up长大;lk ver检查;shw up露面;feel like给。的感觉,感受到。根据题干中“the 3D film”提到3D电影,结合常识可知是让人感觉身处真实环境中,用feel like符合题意。故选D。
11.B
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:——孩子们明天早上必须六点起床吗?——不,他们不需要。让他们在周末睡个好觉。
考查情态动词。can't不能;needn't不必;mustn't禁止;may nt可能不。根据题干中“Must the children get up at six tmrrw mrning?”可知这是以Must开头的一般疑问句,否定回答用:N, sb. needn't/dn't have t. 此处用needn't符合题意。故选B。
12.C
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:——对学生来说,老师在学校应该关心什么?——当然是他们学习的方式,我想。
考查动词短语。give up放弃;part with与。分开;care abut关心;clear ut清理,丢掉。根据答句“Of curse the ways they study, I think.”讲到当然是学生们的学习方式,可推出此处是问老师们应该关心什么,用care abut符合题意。故选C。
13.B
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句意:——杰克解决了这道数学难题了么?——还没有。但是我相信他几分钟之后就能解出来。
考查动词的时态。has wrked it ut动词短语的现在完成时;will wrk it ut动词短语的一般将来时;was wrking it ut动词短语的过去进行时;wrks it ut动词短语的一般现在时的第三人称单数。根据“in a few minutes”几分钟之后表示的是将来的动作,用一般将来时will wrk it ut。故选B。
14.A
【解析】
【详解】
句意:——为什么我从来没见过这种5G手机?——因为它是上周由华为生产的。
考查动词时态及被动语态。was prduced一般过去时的被动语态;wuld prduce过去将来时的主动语态;have prduced现在完成时的主动语态;was prducing过去进行时的主动语态。“手机”和“华为”之间是被动关系,即手机被华为生产,故本句为被动语态。根据句中last week可知,本句时态为一般过去时,即一般过去时的被动语态。故选A。
15.D
【解析】
【详解】
句意:——你知道他们什么时候出发去北京吗?——知道。他们明天早上8:30乘火车去那里。
考查宾语从句。hw wuld they leave fr Beijing过去将来时,疑问句语序;hw will they leave fr Beijing一般将来时,疑问句语序;hw they wuld leave fr Beijing过去将来时,陈述句语序;hw they will leave fr Beijing一般将来时,陈述句语序。根据答语中“at 8:30 tmrrw mrning”可知,问句时态应为一般将来时,且问句为宾语从句,应为陈述句语序。故选D。
16.C
17.B
18.D
19.A
20.B
21.C
22.B
23.C
24.D
25.A
【解析】
【分析】
这是一篇记叙文,文章主要讲述作者的父亲在作者的年龄时的艰难的经历。
16.
句意:一天,当他放学回家,看到了门上的通知。
map地图;stamp邮票;ntice通知;menu菜单。根据“It said that his family must mve ut f the huse at nce.”可知此处表达“通知”,用名词ntice。故选C。
17.
句意:抽烟和喝酒花光了他父亲的钱,但是我父亲没有对此生气。
spent某人花时间在某物上或做某事;cst某物花费多少钱;paid某人付款;tk做某事花费多少时间。此处主语是smking and drinking,动词用cst表示花费。故选B。
18.
句意:相反,当他记起他和父亲坐在一起享受足球比赛的幸福时光,他感到有点兴奋。
nervus紧张的;afraid害怕的;wrried担心的;excited兴奋的。根据“the happy times he had sat with his father enjying ftball matches”可知此处用形容词excited表示“感到兴奋的”。故选D。
19.
句意:我的姑姑在生日聚会上哭泣,因为在家她永不会有一个属于自己的生日聚会。
because因为;whether是否;althugh尽管;after在。之后。此处表示原因,用连词because引出原因状语从句。故选A。
20.
句意:我的哥哥和我每年都有我们自己的(生日聚会),但是我父亲40岁的时候我们给父亲开了第一个生日聚会。
theirs他们的东西;urs我们的东西;yurs你的东西;his他的东西。四个选项都是名词性物主代词,根据“My brthers and I”可知此处用urs表示“我们自己的聚会”。故选B。
21.
句意:我们有时听到他说的太多我们都没认真对待这件事。
slwly慢;quickly快;seriusly严肃;simply仅仅,简单地。此处用短语take sth. seriusly表示“认真对待某事”。意为父亲说的遍数太多,导致我们没有认真对待。故选C。
22.
句意:如果你在学校学习努力没有什么是你不能做成的。
smething某样东西;nthing没有东西;anything任何东西;everything每样东西。根据“if yu stay in schl and wrk hard”可知此处用不定代词nthing表示“没什么事”,表示父亲认为努力学习终归会有好的前途。故选B。
23.
句意:如果以前有人给他说这些话,我认为我父亲的命运会发生变化。
darkly黑暗;plitely礼貌;differently不同;carefully小心。根据changed可知此处用副词differently表示“变得不同”,父亲如果能够上学,命运就会不一样。故选C。
24.
句意:他的工作一天16个小时,因此我们能拥有一个好的家能做他绝不会做到的事。
catch捉住;lse失去;jin加入;wn拥有。根据“a gd hme”可知此处用动词wn表示“拥有”。故选D。
25.
句意:爸爸,我因你而自豪。
prud自豪的;angry生气的;sad悲伤的;lucky幸运的。根据前文讲述父亲工作一天16个小时,因此我们能拥有一个好的家能做他绝不会做到的事,可知作者此处因他而自豪,用形容词prud。故选A。
26.D
27.C
28.B
29.A
30.B
【解析】
【分析】
这是一篇应用文,主要介绍的是老师在学期末写给四位学生的评语。
26.
细节理解题。根据“Wang Hai: Yu are a clever by. Yu wn the math cmpetitin this term in ur schl”可知王海这学期赢了数学比赛。故选D。
27.
细节理解题。根据“D better in yur English, then yu’ll be much better.”可知韩燕的英语弱一点。故选C。
28.
细节理解题。根据“Hu Fang…Dn’t be shy, try t sing in frnt f us”可知胡芳在班上同学面前唱歌有点害羞。故选B。
29.
细节理解题。根据“The mre yu read, the mre yu will learn.”可知阅读的越多,语文就能提高。故选A。
30.
推理判断题。根据第一段“here are sme wrds fr yu. Please take yur nte hme and let yur parents knw hw great yu are”可知来自于老师。故选B。
31.B
32.D
33.C
34.A
35.D
【解析】
【分析】
本文是一篇记叙文,主要讲述了作者和丈夫将一个无家可归的小女孩带回家,倾听她的故事并帮她找到了自己姐姐的故事。文章借此告诉我们人们需要的不仅是金钱,更多的则是信任,倾听和理解。
31.细节理解题。根据第二段“I culd see frm his bdy language that he was trying t calm her dwn”可知,凯莉从肖恩的肢体语言中看出他想让小女孩平静下来。故选B。
32.细节理解题。根据第三,四段“Kelly, I can’t leave her here like this…s we had an idea t take her hme”可知,当肖恩知道小女孩的困境时,他想把女孩带回自己的家。故选D。
33.推理判断题。根据第四段“she thanked me abut a millin times with tears in her eyes”可知,当作者和丈夫问女孩是否愿意和他们回家时,女孩含泪道谢,由此可见女孩同意和凯莉,肖恩回家。故选C。
34.词句猜测题。根据倒数第二段“In the mrning she was finally able t get a hld f her sister, s she had a place t g”可知,小女孩联系上了自己的姐姐,所以她有地方去了。故划线部分 get a hld f 意为“联系”。故选A。
35.细节理解题。根据倒数第二段“ Shane drve her t the bus statin and bught her a ticket”可知,小女孩乘公交车去了她的姐姐居住的城市。故选D。
36.D
37.C
38.B
39.A
40.A
【解析】
【分析】
本文介绍了闰年的情况及闰年形成的原因。
36.
推理判断题。根据But it might be bad news if yu were brn n a February 29th. Yu have t wait three years in between birthdays,可知,出生在2月29日的人,生日之间要等三年,这意味着出生在这一天的20岁的人已经过了5个生日。故选D。
37.
推理判断题。根据February 29th cmes up n the calendar nly every fur years 及Each year, we have a little time left ver. S every fur years, we put all that time tgether int an extra(额外的)day,可知,每四年是一个闰年,而闰年是将所有的时间都放到了额外的一天里,由此可推断,闰年意味着多了一天。故选C。
38.
推理判断题。根据In a leap year, the dates jump ver ne day f the week. Let me explain. In 2017, the last day f the year, December 31th, fell n a Sunday. In 2018, it fell n a Mnday. In 2019, it fell n a Tuesday. But in 2020, December 31th will fall n a Thursday. It jumps right ver Wednesday,可知,2017年的最后一天是星期日,2018年最后一天是星期一,2019年最后一天是星期二,因为闰年多了一天,所以2020这个闰年的最后一天是星期四,那么2021年的最后一天应该是星期五。故选B。
39.
细节理解题。根据Sme peple chse t marry n February 29th because it is an unusual date,可知,一些人选择在2月29日结婚是因为这一天很特别。故选A。
40.
推理判断题。根据But sme ancient peples wuld likely tell cuples nt t d it…T be hnest, these have n scientific basis,可知,古人告诉夫妇不要在这一天结婚,这是没有科学依据的,所以A选项错误。根据February 29th cmes up n the calendar nly every fur years,可知,闰年每四年一次,所以B选项正确。根据But sme ancient peples wuld likely tell cuples nt t d it. Leap years were believed t be difficult, and leap days were unlucky,可知,一些古人认为闰年不吉利,所以C选项正确。根据Each year, we have a little time left ver,可知,在闰年来临前,每年我们都有一些剩余的时间,所以D选项正确。故选A。
41.E
42.A
43.D
44.F
45.B
【解析】
【分析】
本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍了英语学习的几点建议。
41.句意:提高英语水平的最好办法就是说英语。
根据下文“Even if there is n ne arund t speak t, talk t yurself”可知,要学好英语,首先就要说英语,故“提高英语水平的最好办法就是说英语”符合此处语境。故选E。
42.句意:向他们解释你在练习。
根据上下文“Talk t yur friends yu knw in English…They may understand yu even if they dn’t speak it”可知,本段主要介绍和朋友用英语交谈,向他们解释你在练习英语,即使他们不说也会理解你。故选A。
43.句意:有空的时候听英文歌。
根据下文“Yn will als cme t further understand and better enjy the culture behind the language”可知,本段主要介绍学习英语可以先了解英语背后的文化,故“听英文歌”符合此处语境。故选D。
44.句意:不要因为害怕犯错误而退缩。
根据上文“Dn’t be afraid t make mistakes when yu speak and write English”可知,本段主要介绍学习英语不要怕犯错误,要勇于尝试,故“不要因为害怕而退缩”符合语境。故选F。
45.句意:他们会给你很多学习技巧。
根据上文“It’s helpful t speak with ther peple wh are still ging thrugh the curse f learning English”可知,本段主要介绍学英语可以找个英语俱乐部,俱乐部的人会给我们很多英语学习的技巧。故选B。
46.is interested in gegraphy
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
根据句意可知,这里考查“对。感兴趣”这一短语,be interested in…,主语My sister是第三人称单数,be动词用is;gegraphy是名词“地理”。故答案为is interested in gegraphy。
47.were giving ut sme fresh vegetables
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
根据came可知讲述的是过去的事,主语是复数名词,表示“分发”用动词短语give ut,表示“过去某个时间点正在做某事”用过去进行时were giving ut,宾语是“一些新鲜蔬菜”用sme fresh vegetables。故答案为were giving ut sme fresh vegetables。
48.decided t teach English nline n weekdays
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
句子的谓语是“决定做某事”用动词短语decide t d,句子用一般过去时, “教英语”用teach English,“在线上”用nline,时间状语“工作日”用介词短语n weekdays。故答案为decided t teach English nline n weekdays。
49.he has (already) finished creating the fifth science fictin nvel
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
根据题干中汉英对比可知要翻译“他已经创作完成了第五部科幻小说”。题干中主句是一般现在时,主现从不限,从句根据汉语意思要用现在完成时,其结构为have/has dne。他he,主语是第三人称单数,助动词用has;已经完成has (already) finished;完成做某事finish ding sth.;创作create;第五部科幻小说the fifth science fictin nvel。故答案为he has (already) finished creating the fifth science fictin nvel。
50.Anyne wh gets a fever must be separated cmpletely frm
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
根据题干中汉英对比可知要翻译“任何有发烧症状的人必须”,“与。彻底隔离”。定语从句表示“任何有发烧症状的人”,任何人anyne,先行词指人,用关系代词wh,发烧get a fever,先行词anyne,get用第三人称单数形式gets;必须must;此处是说主语被隔离,用被动语态,与。隔离be separated frm;彻底cmpletely。句子开头首字母要大写。故答案为Anyne wh gets a fever must be separated cmpletely frm。
51.prvided
52.thught
53.running
54.watch
55.active
56.nrmally
57.life
58.discver
59.lcal
60.envirnment
【解析】
【分析】
本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍了澳大利亚的考拉是怎样获取生存所需要的水分的,以及介绍了它们的生活习性等。
51.句意:一项新的研究提供了答案。
根据上文“Scientists have lng wndered hw Australia’s kalas get enugh water t live”可知,科学家很久以来就想知道考拉是怎样得到生存需要的水的,于是一项研究提供了答案。prvide提供,动词,其中“提供答案”这件事发生在过去,故此处应用其过去式。故答案为prvided。
52.句意:这是一个早期的想法,她解释说,这种动物从它们吃的树叶中得到了大部分它们所需要的水。
根据“that the animals gt mst f the water they needed in the leaves they ate”可知,考拉从它们吃的树叶中得到了大部分水分是一种早期的想法。thught想法,不可数名词。故答案为thught。
53.句意:但是它们也能从下雨时从树上流下来的水里得到水分。
根据“But they als get it frm water r____dwn frm the trees during it rains”可知,考拉也能从树上流下来的雨水中获取水分。run dwn frm…从。中跑下来,固定短语,跟在句中water后面作后置定语,所以应用其现在分词形式running表主动关系,即滴落下来的水。故答案为running。
54.句意:梅拉和其他科学家每年都在野外观察考拉。
根据下文“They find that kalas…”可知,科学家们每年都会在野外观察考拉。watch观察,动词,根据句中every year可知,本句时态为一般现在时,且主语Mella and ther scientists为复数形式,故此处应用其原形。故答案为watch。
55.句意:他们发现考拉晚上很活跃。
根据首字母及生活常识可知,考拉晚上非常活跃。active活跃的,形容词,在句中作表语。故答案为active。
56.句意:一只成年考拉通常每天吃0.5到0.8公斤的树叶。
根据首字母及语境可知,一只成年考拉通常每天吃0.5到0.8公斤的树叶。nrmally通常,副词,在句中修饰动词eat。故答案为nrmally。
57.句意:梅拉指出,考拉一生中98%的时间都在树上度过。
根据下文“She als ntes that the nly time they cme dwn t the grund…”可知,考拉一生中大部分时间都在树上度过。life一生,可数名词,根据句中its可知,此处用其单数形式。故答案为life。
58.句意:她还指出,它们唯一一次落到地上是为了发现另一棵叶子更好的树。
根据首字母及语境可知,考拉唯一一次到地面上是为了发现树叶更好的树。discver发现,动词,用在t后面表目的,用其原形。故答案为discver。
59.句意:事实上,“考拉”一词在当地语言中的意思是“不喝水”。
根据语境可知,单词“考拉”在当地语言中意味着“不喝水”。lcal本地的,形容词,作定语形容名词language。故答案为lcal。
60.句意:由于2019年9月至2020年1月在澳大利亚发生的大火烧毁了考拉所居住的约30%的森林,考拉的生存环境正在变得越来越糟糕。
根据“the fires frm September 2019 t January 2020 in Australia have burned abut 30% f the frests where they live”可知,考拉的居住场所几乎被大火烧毁,所以它们的生存环境越来越糟。envirnment环境,不可数名词。故答案为envirnment。
61.例文:
Dear Liu Jie,
Hw is everything ging? I heard that yur mther with ther medical team members rushed t Xiangyang, a city thusands f miles away, t help Xiangyang win the epidemic.
T let yur mther cncerntrate n her wrk, yu stayed at hme, studying hard and ding husewrk by yursef. I am prud f yu and thankful t yur supprt. I will invite yur family t attend a party t share all kinds f delicius fd. I will als hpe yu can visit the medical museum where yu can appreciate the develpment f Chinese traditinal medicine.
I'm lking frward t yur reply.
ZhangHua
【解析】
【分析】
【详解】
1.题干解读:该题目属于记叙文写作,写作时要按记叙文格式写。开头介绍得知刘杰的妈妈去支援襄阳战胜疫情;接下来介绍刘杰在家做的事以及想要邀请他一家参加的活动;最后期盼他的回复。
2.例文点评:例文采用三段式;用第一或第二人称来叙述故事内容;时态采用一般过去时,用一般将来时来介绍我想要邀请他一家参加的活动,介绍全面,条理清晰,用连词连接并列成分,文章前后连贯。
3.高分亮点:
短语:rush t;cncentrate n;be prud f;invite sb t d sth;lk frward t。
句型:that引导的宾语从句,where引导的定语从句。
【点睛】
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