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【中考真题】2018年中考英语真题 广西省北部湾经济开发区(word版,含答案,含听力)
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【中考真题】2018年中考英语真题 广西省北部湾经济开发区(word版,含答案,含听力)

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这是一份【中考真题】2018年中考英语真题 广西省北部湾经济开发区(word版,含答案,含听力),文件包含广西北部湾经济开发区2018年中考英语试题word版含解析doc,2018广西北部湾中考英语听力mp3等2份试卷配套教学资源,其中试卷共28页, 欢迎下载使用。

注意事项:
1. 试卷分为试题卷和答题卡两部分,答案一律填写在答题卡上,在试题卷 上作答无效.
2. 答题前,请认真阅读答题卡上的注意事项。
3. 考试结束后,将本试题卷和答题卡一并交回。
第Ⅰ卷(共 90 分)
一,听力测试 (共 30 小题,每小题 1 分,共 30 分)
(一) 听句子,选图片。(共 5 小题,每小题 1 分,共 3 分) 你将听到五个句子,请在下列六幅图中,选出与所听句子内容相符的图片,
并在答题卡上将选定答案的字母标号涂黑。每个句子读一遍。
ABCDEF
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
【答案】1.C2.A3.B4.D5.F
听力原文:
There is a clck n the desk.
Lk, hw large the elephant is!
Bb is gd at playing the vilin.
The strng man is excited t ride a hrse.
Turn right, and yu can find the bkshp.
(二)听句子,选答语。(共 5 小题,每小题 1 分,共 5 分)
你将听到五个句子,请根据句子内容,选择恰当的答语,并在答题卡上将选定答 案的字母标号涂黑。每个句子读两遍。
A. Beijing duck.B. Orange juice.C. Ice cream.
【答案】B
听力原文:What wuld yu like t drink?
A. I'm fine, thanks.B. I'm thirteen.C. I'm tall.
【答案】A
听力原文:Hw are yu these days?
A. Gd idea.B. Never mind.C. Yu're welcme.
【答案】B
听力原文:Srry, I brke yu cup.
A. Dn't mentin it.B. Nt at all.C. Thank yu.
【答案】C
听力原文:Yu lk s beautiful in the red dress.
A Tw days ag.B. Fr a mnth.C. Twice a week.
【答案】C
听力原文:Peter, hw ften d yu g t the library.
(三)听对话,选择最佳答案。(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,共 10 分)
你将听到三段对话,请根据对话内容,选出每个问题的最佳答案,并在答题卡上 将选定答案的字母标号涂黑。每段对话读两遍。
请听第一段对话,回答第 11-13 小题。
Where des Lily g with her dad?
T their ld huse.B. T their new hse.C. T her schl.
Which rm is big?
The kitchen.B. The living rm.C. The bedrm.
What clur des Lily like best?
Pink.B. Yellw.C. Blue.
【答案】11-13 BBC
听力原文:
A: Lily, w uld y u like t se e ur ne w h use? B: Great,is it far frm ur new huse, Dad?
A: N, it’s next t yur schl. Let’s walk there.
B: Ww, it’s wnderful! The garden is very beautiful. A: Let’s g in.
B: The living r m is s b ig.
A: Yes, but the kitchen is quite small. B: Which is my bedrm?
A: This ne, and it is y ur fa vrite c lr, b lue. B: Thank yu, Dad!
请听第二段对话,回答第 14-16 小题。
What's the girl ding in the city?
Lking fr a jb.B. Lking fr a huse.C.Lking fr a farm.
What did the girl's father advise her t d?
T live in the city.B. T g back t schl.C. T wrk nhis farm.
What's the relatinship between the tw speaker?
Teacher and student.B. Friends.C. Brther and sister.
【答案】14-16 ACB
听力原文:
A: Hi, Lucy! Yu dn’t lk happy. What is the prblem?
B: I ha ve bee n lk ing fr a jb f r ha lf a yea r, b ut I ha ve n’t g t ne yet.
A: I knw hw sad yu feel, but if yu dn’t keep n lking yu will never get a jb. B: O ur fa ther ad vised me t be a farmer.
A: But yu did nt want t be a farmer as him, right?
B: Yes, s I was ging t find a gd jb in the city.
A: Yu knw, it is nt easy t find a jb in a big city.
B: That’s true. It is t crwded and t nisy.
A: Well, are yu ging back t the farm?
B: If I cannt find a jb this mnth, I will return t father’s farm.
A: Gd luck!
B: Thank yu!
请听第三段对话,回答第 17-20 小题。
What day was great fr Mike?
Saturday.B. Sunday.C. Saturday and Sunday.
Where did Mike vlunteer n Sunday afternn?
In an ld peple’s hmeB. In the Sprts Center.C. In his friend’s huse.
19.What did Mary d n Saturday mrning?
A. She went t a party.B. She studied fr a test.C. She cleaned her rm.
What time did the party start?
A. At 7:00a.m.B. At 9:00a.m.C.At 12:00a.m.
【答案】17-20 BACB
听力原文:
W: Hi, Mike. Hw was yur weekend?
M: Saturday was nt gd. I stayed at hme and did my hmewrk.
W: Hw ab ut S unda y?
M: It was great.
W: What did yu d?
M: In the mrning, I played tennis with my brther in the Sprts Center. In the afternn, I vlunteered in an ld pep le’s h me. What abut yu, Mary?
W: Well, n Saturda y mrning, I c lea ned my r m.
M: That des nt sund fun.
W: Then in the afternn, I studied fr the math test. But my Sunday mrning was really interesting.
M: Did yu g t the cinema?
W: N, I went t my friend’s huse fr a party. It sta rted a t 9 a. m. And ended at 12 a.m.
M: Did yu enjy yurself? W: Yes, and s did my friends.
(四)听短文,选择最佳答案。(共 5 小题,每小题 1 分,共 5 分)
你将听到一篇短文,请根据短文内容,选出每个问题的最佳答案,并在答题
卡上将选定答案的字母标号涂黑。短文读两遍。
Hw ld is David?
A.13.B.14.C.15.
Where des David ften discuss TV prgrams with his friends?
In the Students' Club.B. At Sarah's hme.C. In CCTV.
What des Sarah like very much?
Talk shws.B. Game shws.C. Cartns.
Wh wants t becme a reprter?
David.B. Sam.C. Sarah.
What kind f cartns des David like?
Relaxing cartns.B. Exciting cartns.C. Humrus cartns.
【答案】21-25 CAABC
听力原文:Hell!My name is David. I’ m fiftee n. (21 题答案)I like watching TV. I fte n ha ve d isc ussi ns ab ut TV p r gra ms with my frie nds in the S tude nts’C lub.(22 题答案) Sarah is furteen and she likes Ta lk sh ws(23 题答案) very much. Because she thinks they are interesting and it is a gd way t relax. But Sam finds them bring. Like many bys, Sam’s favurite prgram is Game shws. He thinks Game shws are quiet exciting. He als likes the news. Sa m wa nts t bec me a rep rter in CCTV(24 题答案). He says watching news helps us learn a lt frm the reprters and knw what’s ging n in the wrld. We ll, I like watc hing Humr us cart ns best(. 25 题答案)I can’t help laughing when I see them. What abut yu?
(五) 听短文,填信息。(共 5 小题,每小题 1 分,共 5 分)
你将听到一篇短文,请根据短文内容。将所缺信息填入答题卡对应的横线上,
没空一词。短文读两遍。
End f Term Reprt Zhang Xing
English
Mr. Dickens
He fund that studying English was very 26 His 27is better.
He can have English 28 with his friends and with me. He can answer my questins in English 29
If he 30 like this, he will d much better.
Student’s name Subject Teacher
At the beginning f this term In writing
In speaking
Next term
【答案】26.difficult27.spelling28.cnversatins29.quickly30.cntinues
听力原文:
Zhang Xing has always been a hardwrking student. At the beginning f this term, he f und that stud ying English was ve ry d iffic ult.(26 题答案) But nw his English has imprved greatly in all parts. In writting, his spe lling is b etter.(27 题答案)He is
able t crrect his wn wrk and help with ther students. In speaking, he ca n ha ve English c nversati ns(28 题答案)with his friends and with me. He takes part in grup wrk and he is nt afraid t speak any mre. When I ask him questins in English, he smiles a nd ca n a nswe r the m q uick ly(29 题答案) . He can understand texts mre easily in reading. I think, if he c ntinues like this(30 题答案) , he will d much better next term.
笔试部分
二.单项选择(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,共 10 分)
从下列每小题所给的 A,B,C,D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选 项,并在答题卡上将选定答案的字母标号涂黑。
31.——Happy New Year!
——.
A. That’s OK. B. The same t yu. C. It desn’t matter. D. Yu’re welcme.
【答案】B
【解析】此题考查情景交际及其回答。题目的意思是:新年快乐!选项 A:没关系。B:你也一样。C:也可以表达没关系的意思。D: 不客气。由问题推出逻辑可知答案为 B 选项。
My uncle wrks in a hspital. He is a/an.
singer B.farmer C.actr D.dctr
【答案】D
【解析】此题为名词辨析考点。选项 A 的意思是歌手,B 是农民,C 是演员,D 是医生。题目句意为:我的叔叔在医院工作。由此可推断他是一名医生,所以答 案选 D。
The strawberriesdelicius. Yu can have a try.
eatB.drink C.taste D.sund
【答案】C
【解析】此题为感官动词考点。选项 A 的意思是吃,
B 是喝,C 是尝起来,D 是听起来。题目中的主语是 strawberries(草莓),delicius
(美味的)是形容词,只有选项 C 和 D 这两个感官动词后可以跟形容词,再加 上句意的理解:草莓尝起来是美味的。所以答案选 C。
Tny always wrks hard. Of all the students, he did in this exam.
A. gd B.well C.better D.best
【答案】D
【解析】此题为副词的最高级考点。f+复数使用最高级,题目中的 f all the students ,可以判断得出选最高级,在四个选项中只有 D 是最高级的形式。
Dn’t wrried. This girl is ld enugh t lk after .
herself B.her C.hers D.she
【答案】A
【解析】此题为代词考点。题目中的 lk after(照顾)后面常接反身代词。再 加上句意也符合:不用担心,她的年龄够大了,足以照顾她自己。所以选 A。
the map and tell me where Shanghai is.
Lk arundB.Lk likeC.Lk at D.Lk ut
【答案】C
【解析】此题考查的是动词短语辨析。lk arund 译为往四周看,lk like 译为看起来像,lk at 译为看着某处,lk ut 译为往 外看。句意为:看着地图,然后告诉我上海在哪里。所以选 C。
37.——Is this yur camera?
——Yes, Iit fr tw weeks.
A. bught B. hadC.have hadD. have bught
【答案】C
【解析】此题为现在完成时考点。题目中的 fr tw weeks 说明用的是现在完成时,可以排除选项 A 和 B。剩下的选项 C 和 D 中, 由于 buy(买)是瞬间动词,在现在完成时中,瞬间动词不能够与一段时间连用,
需要转换成相对应的延续性动词 have,所以答案选 C。
38.The wman in a hat isaunt.
A. Jack and Jhn B.Jack’s and Jhn C.Jack’s and Jhn’s D.Jack and Jhn’s
【答案】D
【解析】此题为名词的格考点。题目中的 wman 是单数,表明是一个人,所以 可以知道 Jack 和 Jhn 是同一个阿姨,新东方英语课程里复习过,在名词所有 格里,表示共同拥有时,选项 D 的表达才是正确的。
Our teacher ften tells us in the river. It’s dangerus.
A. nt swim B nt t swim C.t swim D.swimming
【答案】B
【解析】此题为不定式的考点。题目中的 tell(告诉)是谓语,句子在连接第二个动词时,需要用 t 来连接,将其非谓语化,既不 定式:t +动词原形。可以排除 A 和 D。根据句意:游泳是危险的。所以可以推断出老师是告诉我们不要去游泳。因此选择不定式的否定形式,即 B 选项。
As sn as shein Nanning, she will call yu.
A.arrives B.arrive C.will arrive D.arrived
【答案】A
【解析】此题为时态的考点。题目是由 as sn as 引导的状语从句,该类从句要遵从“主句用将来时,从句用一般现在时” 的原则。所填的部分为从句,所以用一般现在时,可以排除 C 和 D。再加上从 句的主语是第三人称 she,谓语需要三单形式,所以答案选 A。
三.完形填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,共 10 分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的 A,B,C,D 四个选项中 选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将选定答案的字母标号涂黑。
One day, the students f Class 6 were reading in the classrm.Mrs. Brwn came in and tld the whle class they wuld have t change the 41 the next week. All f the students disagreed 42 Mrs. Brwn, s they shuted when Mrs. Brwn said it was because a new student wuld 43 the class.“Why must we mve t anther classrm just because smene new is cming?” One f them asked 44 . Mrs. Brwn std there withut saying anything. After a few minutes, she tld them t be 45 t their new classmate and then she left.
The fllwing week, the head teacher, Mr.White himself brught the new student t their class. 46 he pushed the new student t the class because the student was in a wheelchair(轮椅). Mr. White intrduced the new student Jeff t the class. He said that Jeff nw was a 47 f the class and they shuld wrk tgether. He added, “Helping each ther is very imprtant.” 48culd fully understand what Mr. White meant at first.
Over time, they began t understand the reasn. Jeff was a 49 student and ften helped the students wh didn’t understand their wrk. The c lass felt very thankful t him. They tk care f him because they knew that when smene did smething fr yu, yu shuld d smething 50 in return.
A. classmates B. lessnsC. teacherD. classrm
42.A. frB. fC. withD. frm
A. leaveB. jinC. helpD. visit
A. plitelyB. terriblyC. angrilyD. happily
45.A. kindB. usefulC. hnestD. careful
46. A. S farB. Abve all C.As usual D. In fact
47.A. hpeB. member C. mnitrD. symbl
A. NbdyB. Smebdy C. Anybdy D. Everybdy
A. luckyB. funnyC. cleverD. strict
A. utB. dwnC. ffD. back
参考答案及解析
41.【答案】D
【解析】考查名词词义。A. classmates 同学们 B. lessns 课程 C. teacher 老师 D. classrm 教室。根据下文学生们问的“Why must we mve t anther classrm just because smene new is cming?”可知他们将要搬去新的教室,所以选 D。
42. 【答案】C
【解析】考查介词。All f the students disagreed 42 Mrs. Brwn, s they
shuted...意思是学生们不同意 Brwn 老师的说法。agree/disagree 固定搭配介词
with。所以选 C。
43. 【答案】B
【解析】考查动词词义。A. leave 离开 B. jin 加入 C. help 帮助 D. visit 看望。根 据本句 it was because a new student wuld 43 the class.可以知道是“新”学 生,以及下文“Why must we mve t anther classrm just because smene new is cming?”可知这个新生将加入这个班级。所以选 B。
44. 【答案】C
【解析】考查副词词义。A. plitely 礼貌地 B. terribly 糟糕地 C. angrily 生气地
D. happily 快乐地。根据上文 All f the students disagreed 42 Mrs. Brwn, s they shuted when Mrs. Brwn said it was because a new student wuld 43 the class.“Why must we mve t anther classrm just because smene new is cming?”..句意逻辑可以知道,学生们对着 Mrs. Brwn“喊叫”,质疑为什么 新生到来要让他们搬去另一个教室,这时候他们的态度是不够友好而且生气的, 所以选 C。
45. 【答案】A
【解析】考查形容词词义。 A. kind 善良的 B. useful 有用的 C. hnest 诚实的 D. careful 小心的。根据上文 they shuted when Mrs. Brwn said it was because a new student ...以及学生们不友好的反应,可以推断老师让学生们要对新生们友好 一些。be kind t sb.短语意思是“对某人友好”,所以选择 A。
46. 【答案】D
【解析】考查短语辨析。 A. S far 到目前为止 B. Abve all 最重要的是 C.As usual 像往常一样 D. In fact 事实上。根据上文 The fllwing week, the head teacher, Mr. White himself brught the new student t their class.“接下来的一周,校长怀特 先生亲自带着新生来到了他们的班里”和本句 46he pushed the new student t the class because the student was in a wheelchair(轮椅).句意是“他推着 新学生来到了教室因为这个学生是坐在轮椅上的”,之间的衔接和逻辑应当选 D。
47. 【答案】B
【解析】考查名词词义。 A. hpe 希望 B. member 成员 C. mnitr 班长 D. symbl
标志。根据句义逻辑 He said that Jeff nw was a 47 f the class and they
shuld wrk tgether.提到了“wrk tgether 一起学习”,可以知道 Jeff 成为了他 们班的一员,所以选择 B。
48. 【答案】A
【解析】考查不定代词词义。A. Nbdy没有一个人 B. Smebdy 某人 C.Anybdy 任何人 D. Everybdy 每个人。根据本句48culd fully understand what Mr. White meaning first. “没有人能完全明白怀特先生一开始说的 意思。”以及下文 Over time, they began t understand the reasn.“随着时间过去, 他们逐渐明白了原因。”可以知道,学生们起初没有人明白校长怀特先生的用意。 所以选择 A。
49. 【答案】C
【解析】考查形容词词义。A. lucky幸运的 B. funny 有趣的 C. clever聪明的 D. strict 严格的。根据句子 Jeff was a 49 student and ften helped the students wh didn’t understand their wrk. “杰夫是一个的学生并且经常帮助那些弄不 懂学业内容的学生。”可以知道,杰夫在学习上很聪明。所以选 C。
50. 【答案】D
【解析】考查副词词义。根据句子 They tk care f him because they knew that when smene did smething fr yu, yu shuld d smething 50 in return. “他们照顾着他,因为他们知道,当别人为你做了一些事情,你也应该做一些事 情作为回报。”d smething back in return 意思是“做某事作为回报”。所以选 D。
四,阅读理解(共 20 小题,51-55 每小题 1 分,56-70 每小题 2 分,共 35 分)
A
We all learn freign languages tday. They pen up ur eyes t the wrld. They may help us live and wrk in ther cuntries. They may als make us mre successful in the future.
Because f this, Chinese is nw a ppular freign language fr Russian students. Nw, 123 primary and middle schls in the cuntry have Chinese classes, accrding t Sputnik(俄罗斯卫星通讯社). The Russian students like learning Chinese languages in class.
This year, Russian middle schl students will have sme Chinese textbks. Peple’s Educatin Press(出版社)in China helped a lcal press make them. Students will use the textbks t learn Chinese in class. Fr students in the 9th grade, a Chinese language test will be in their exams in 2018.
“Our cperatin with China is grwing.” said an educatin fficer in Russia. “And the Chinese language becmes mre imprtant.”
根据上述内容,判断下列句子正误,正确的在答题卡上将“T”涂黑,错误
的在答题卡上将“F”涂黑。
Learning freign languages may help us live and wrk in ther cuntries.
Russian is nw a ppular freign language fr Chinese students.
The Russian students like learning Chinese in class.
Fr students in Grade 8, a Chinese language test will be in their exams in 2018.
The Chinese language becmes less imprtant in Russia.
参考答案及解析
51:【答案】T
【解析】细节题,在文中第一段可以找到相同表达的句子 They may help us live and wrk in ther cuntries. 与原文的表达一致,因此本题为 T。
52:【答案】F
【解析】细节题,文中第二段开头说到 Chinese is nw a ppular freign language fr Russian students.本句与原文正好相反,因此本题为 F。
53:【答案】T
【解析】细节题,在文中第二段倒数第一句话可以找到相同表达的句子 The Russian students like learning Chinese languages in class. 与原文的表达一致,因此 本题为 T。
54:【答案】F
【解析】细节题,文中第三段最后一句话说到 Fr students in the 9th grade, a Chinese language test will be in their exams in 2018.本句的 Grade 8 与原文 9th grade 不符,因此本题为 F。
55.【答案】F
【解析】细节题,文中最后一句话说到 And the Chinese language becmes mre imprtant.本句与原文正好相反,因此本题为 F。
B
Dear students,
An English talk will be held in the schl hall frm 4 t 6 p.m. n March
7. It will be given by
Dear all students, March12
Fund
is
Tree have plant
Planting Day. We decided t g and
A jacket was fund n the playgrund n the afternn f March 1. It is a new black jacket. There is a key in the pcket. The wner can cme t Rm 201, Building 3 t get it.
treesthat day.Allthe
prfessr Li Ping Peking University. abut “ Hw t
frm It is learn
students
in
ur schl part in this are ging t
shuld take activity. We
English well”. Yu may take ntes if yu like. And yu may ask questins
meet at the schl gate at 7:00 tmrrw mrning. And then, we will take ur schl bus t West Hill. Please dn’t be late r absent. Pay attentin t safety during the planting. Please wear sprts shes as well.
Students’ Unin March 11, 2018
abutlearning
English
during the break. If yu
are
interested,
please
attend the talk n time.
Chen Dng Class 3, Grade 8
March 2, 2018
English Club March 3, 2018
根据文章内容,请选择最佳选项,并在答题卡上将选定答案的字母标号涂黑。
When will the English talk be held?
On March 1.B. On March 7. C. On March 11. D. On March 12.
Hw will the students g t West Hill?
By busB. By ship C. By bikeD. By train
Where was the jacket fund?
In the schl hall.B. At the schl gate.
C. On the playgrund.D. In Rm 201, Building 3.
Wh fund the jacket?
Prfessr Li Ping. B. Chen Dng.
C. A student f the Unin.D. A student f the Club.
What d we knw abut the three ntices?
All students have t attend the English talk.
English Club rganizes the tree planting activity.
A pair f sprts shes was fund n the schl bus.
Chen Dng is a students in Class 3, Grade 8.
参考答案及解析
56.【答案】B
【解析】细节题,根据题目关键词“ English talk”定位在第一表格的第一句话,可 知在 3 月 7 日举行,选出答案 B。
57. 【答案】A
【解析】细节题,根据题目 “ Hw”可知问的是方式,关键词“West Hill” 定位在 第二个表格中的第四句话“ take ur schl bus” 选出答案 A。
58.【答案】C
【解析】细节题,根据题目关键词“fund”定位在第三个表格中的第一句话,可 选出答案 C。
59. 【答案】B
【解析】细节题,定位在第三个表格的署名“Chen Dng”可选出答案 B。 60. 【答案】D
【解析】推断题,A 选项在文中提到的是“If yu are interested, please attend the talk n time.”如果感兴趣可以参加这次的英语讲座,与选项的“all students” 所有的学 生都必须参加不符;B 选项应该是“ Students’ Unin”举办的,而不是“ English Club” 故排除 B;C 选项,文章为“A jacket was fund n the playgrund.”可知被找到的 是夹克衫,而不是选项的“ a pair f sprt shes”,故排除 C。 D 选项,根据第二个 表格中的署名可知“Chen Dng is a students in Class 3, Grade 8.”为正确答案。
C
Once there was a famine(饥荒).A rich ck sent fr twenty f the prest children in the twn and said t them, “In this basket there is a piece f bread fr each f yu.Take it and cme back t me every day at this hur fr mre.”
In a hurry the hungry children gt tgether arund the basket,and fught ver the bread because each wanted the largest piece.At last they went away withut even thanking the gd ck. Mary, a prly-dressed girl, did nt fight with the ther children,but std quietly in distance.When the badly-behaved children had left,Mary tk the smallest piece,which was all left in the basket.She kissed the ck’s hand and went hme.
The next day the children were as badly-behaved as befre. Mary gt a piece f bread almst half the size f the ne she gt the first day.When she came hme,her mther cut the bread pen. Many new, shining pieces f silver fell ut f it.
Her mther was very wrried ,and said, “Take the mney back t the ck at nce.The silver must have fallen int the dugh(面团)by accident. Hurry up, Mary” When the little girl gave the rich man her mther ’s message, he said, “It was n mistake.I had the silver pieces put int the smallest bread fr yu as a prize. Always be as satisfied, peaceable and thankful as yu nw are.
G hme nw, and tell yur mther that the mney is yurs.”
根据短文内容,选择最佳选项,并在答题卡上将选定答案的字母标号涂黑。
What did Mary d while the thers fught ver the bread?
A.She std quietly in distance.
B.She fught ver the bread.
C.She went hme.
D.She sent fr her mther.
Hw did the girl express her thanks t the ck?
A.She left quietly withut a wrd.
B.She kissed the ck’s hand.
C.She gave mney t the ck.
D.She behaved as badly as the ther children.
Why did the ck put the silver pieces int the bread?
Because he wanted t give them t the prest child.
B.Because Mary’s mther was very wrried.
C.Because he wanted t give them t Mary as a prize.
D.Because Mary’s family was pr.
What d yu think f Mary’s mther?
A.She was very rich.B.She was peaceable.
C.She was flish.D.She was very hnest.
What is the passage mainly abut?
A.Sme pieces f breadB.Sme pieces f silver
C.A gd girlD.A rich ck.
参考答案及解析
61.【答案】A
【解析】本题为细节题。首先,进行定位:根据题目 What did Mary d while the thers fught ver the bread?可定位在文中的第二段的第三句:Mary, a prly-dressed girl, did nt fight with the ther children, but std quietly in distance.因此可以得出答案 A。中文句意为“一个穿着破烂名叫玛丽的小女孩并 没有和其他孩子争抢,而是静静地站在远处。”本题出现中考高频转折连词“but ”.答案出现在这个连词后面。
62.【答案】B
【解析】本题为细节题。根据题目“Hw did the girl express her thanks t the ck?”
可以定位到文中的第二段最后一句进行理解,“She kissed the ck’s hand and went hme.”她亲吻了这个厨师然后回了家,因此答案选 B.其中考生需知道 express 为“表达”的含义。
63.【答案】C
【解析】本题为细节题。根据题目“Why did the ck put the silver pieces int the bread?”可到文中定位到第五段第二句“I had the silver pieces put int the smallest bread fr yu as a prize”.可知富人放了银片放在最小的一片面包里给玛丽的作为 奖励。因此答案选 C.
64.【答案】D
【解析】本题为细节理解题。根据文中第四段第一句她的妈妈让她快点把银片还 回给富人“Take the mney back t the ck at nce.”可知妈妈是非常诚实的一个人, 文中并没有出现跟诚实有关的词汇,需要考生对这句话进行理解之后才能选出正 确答案。答案选 D。
65.【答案】C
【解析】本题是结合了事实推理的主旨大意题。本文为故事类阅读,此题要纵观 全文进行理解,其中 A 选项为一些面包,B 选项为一些银片,C 选项为一个好女
孩,D 选项为一个富有的厨师。结合主题为王的解题方法,答案选 C
D
Imagine a perfect day: the weather is gd and everything seems fine. When, suddenly, yur mbile phne lses its signal , the televisin has n prgrams, and yu can’t get nline with yur cmputer.
What has happened? These are just the types f prblems a slar strm(太阳风 暴)might cause. Yu may nt think f strms as putting ur sciety in danger. But tday, a slar strm is as serius as ther bad events, such as earthquakes.
A slar strm is caused by slar flares(太阳耀斑): large explsins(爆炸)near the sun that can give ff lts f energy. The strng energy can stp the satellite systems(卫星系统)that cntrl ur cmputers, telecm netwrks and s n. These strms can even cause the pwer t g ut fr weeks r mnths.
In the past few mnths, scientists have recrded sme f the strngest sun flares in years. The mst recent ne happened arund Valentine’s Day, 2011. It caused radi and satellite signals t g dwn in sme nrthern cities in China.
“Slar flare activity is ging t be much wrse than what we’ve seen in the past. We’re nt talking abut a few cities lsing pwer, it culd be half f the cuntry, maybe mre.” Slar Strm Warning.cm, a US website abut space weather, warned.
Scientists say that little can be dne t predict such a strm. Gvernments arund the wrld are trying t wrk tgether befre the next strm, althugh they are nt sure when that may happen. 根据短文内容,选择最佳选项,并在答题卡上将选定的答案字母标号涂黑。
Accrding t the passage, a slar strm can cause many prblems EXCEPT that .
earthquakes happen
mbile phnes have n signals
peple cannt get nline
the pwer may g ut
Accrding t the passage, slar flares are.
telecm netwrksB. slar strms
C. large explsins near the sunD. US websites
Frm the passage, the right rder f the fllwing is.
slar flares give ff lts f energy
peple can’t get nline with their cmputers
slar strms happen
satellite systems are stpped
a-b-c-dB. a-c-d-bC. c-a-b-dD. c-b-a-d
The writer wrte the passage mainly t.
call fr scientists t predict when the next slar strm will happen
tell peple hw t slve the prblems caused by slar strms
intrduce what slar strms are t peple
ask peple t wrk t prevent the slar strm frm happening
In Paragraph 1, the underlined wrd “signal ” means.
A. 电池B. 标志C. 力量D. 信号
参考答案及解析
66. 【答案】A
【解析】本题属细节题。定位到文章第一段“yur mbile phne lses its signal”, “yu can’t get nline with yur cmputer”, 以及文章第三段”These strms can even cause the pwer t g ut fr weeks r mnths.”可知选项 B,C,D 均是太阳风暴可 能造成的后果,而 A 选项“地震”不是,故选 A。
67. 【答案】C
【解析】本题属细节题。根据关键词”slar flares”定位到文章第三段“A slar strm is caused by slar flares: large explsins near the sun that can give ff lts f energy.” 可知:“太阳风暴是由太阳耀斑造成的,(太阳风暴)是在太阳附近的巨大的爆 炸,它可以释放出许多能量”,只有 C 选项符合对关键词”slar flares”的解释, 故选 C。
68. 【答案】B
【解析】本题属细节题推理题。a:太阳耀斑释放出许多能量。b:人们的电脑无法 上网。c:产生太阳风暴。d:卫星系统瘫痪。根据文章第三段,事件发生的顺序为 a-c-d-b,故选 B。
69. 【答案】C
【解析】本题属主旨大意题。根据文章最后一段可知太阳风暴无法预测,因此 A
错误;文章没有指出任何能解决太阳风暴造成后果的方法,因此 B 错误;文章 没有呼吁人们预防太阳风暴发生,因此 D 错误;结合全文,可知文章是介绍太 阳风暴及其后果,故选 C。
70. 【答案】D
【解析】本题属单词推断题。根据关键句”yur mbile phne lses its signal”,“你 的手机失去它的”,可知应选 D。
五,情景交际(共 5 小题,每题 1 分,共 5 分)
根据对话内容,从下面方框中选出适当的句子补全对话,并在答题卡上将选定答 案的标号涂黑。
A:Hey,Alex. The Winter Olympics will be held in Beijing in 2022.71.
B: Yes, I really like watching the Winter Olympics.
A: Me t. And I like the Olympics trch(火炬).
B:72.
A: I am lking frward t it.
B:73.
A: I lve t watch team events.
B: I enjy watching the men’s and wmen’s skating. The skaters are s amazing.
A:74.
B: I knw. And they lk s beautiful and cl n the ice.
A:75.
B: OK. See yu in Beijing.
What are yur favurite events?
Yu can see it at the pening ceremny.
Are yu ging t watch sme games?
I can’t wait t see them.
They train hard fr the Olympics.
解题思路和步骤:
第一步,通读对话内容,了解大概对话中心内容 第二步,通读选项内容,并在脑海中大致翻译 第三步,看对话上下句或者本句依据配相应选项补全对话。
通读对话内容,从这些关键词“the Winter Olympic, the Olympic trch, men’s and wmen’s skating, the pening ceremny ”中可以推断,此情景交际的内容是关于谈 论奥林匹克运动会的内容。
(一)对话翻译
A:嗨,Alex。2022 年,冬季奥运会将要在北京举办了。你打算看去观看比赛吗?
B:当然了,我很喜欢看冬季奥运会。
A:我也是,我喜欢奥林匹克的火炬。
B:你能在开幕式时候看到它。
A:我很期待看到火炬。
B:你最喜欢看什么比赛项目?
A:我喜欢看团队赛。
B:我喜欢看男子滑冰和女子滑冰,这些滑冰运动员都棒极了!
A:他(她)们为了奥运会做了很艰苦的训练。
B:我知道,他(她)们在冰场上看起来很漂亮,很酷。
A:我迫不及待想看他(她)们的比赛了。 B:好的,我们北京见。
(二)选项翻译
A.你最喜欢看什么比赛项目?
B.你能在开幕式时候看。
C.你打算看去观看比赛吗?
D.我迫不及待想看他(她)们的比赛了。
E.他(她)们为了奥运会做了很艰苦的训练。
(三)参考答案及解析
71. 【答案】C
【解析】根据下文“Yes,I really like watching the Winter Olympics.”可知本句为一 般疑问句的回答“Yes”,故只有 C 符合题意。
72. 【答案】B
【解析】由下文的关键词:“it”指代“火炬”。可知需要选择内容中对应有“it ” 的句子,与此意相关的句子只有 B。
73. 【答案】A
【解析】根据紧接下句提到“”可根据关键字找到“favurite events”, 结合逻辑可选出答案 A。
74. 【答案】E
【解析】从上句“The skaters are s amazing.”的赞叹,紧接着就是说明运动员获 得赞美背后的付出,“They train hard fr the Olympics.”,答案为 E。
75. 【答案】D
【解析】由上句的赞美“ s beautiful and cl n the ice.”,可得知“迫不 及待”的心情。同时,根据下句的“see”可对应找到“I can’t wait t see them.”, D 项。
第二卷(共 30 分)
六,综合填空(共 20 小题,每小题 1 分,共 20 分)
(一)单词拼写(每小题 1 分,共 5 分)
根据括号内所给的中文提示,正确拼写单词,并将答案写在答题卡对应的横线上。
Our summer vacatin always starts in(七月).
We are ging t(采访)the famus writer next week.
I have(已经)finished my hmewrk. Let’s play ftball.
Mid-autumn Day is a(传统的)festival in China.
Xia Liu put his umbrella in the(角落)f the rm.
(二)词形变换(每小题 1 分,共 5 分)
根据句意,用括号中所给的单词的正确形式填空,并将答案写在答题卡对应的横 线上。
He is t weak. It’s(pssible) fr him t mve the heavy bx.
My cusin has a pet dg.(it) name is Wangwang.
I(frget) t turn ff the light when I left my rm yesterday.
Yang Liwei is ne f the natinal(her). We shuld learn frm him.
Everyne was(surprise) t see her at the party last night.
参考答案及解析:
(一)单词拼写
76.【答案】July
【解析】该题考查名词的单词拼写。
77.【答案】interview
【解析】该题考查动词的拼写以及一般将来时的用法,be ging t 后面加动词原形,故填的是 interview。
78.【答案】already
【解析】该题考查的是副词的拼写。already 常用于完成时肯定句当中。
79.【答案】traditinal
【解析】该题考查的是形容词的拼写。
【答案】crner
【解析】该题考查的是名词的拼写。
(二)词形变换
81.【答案】impssible
【解析】句意:他太虚弱了。对他来说去移动这个笨重的盒子是完全不可能的。 把 pssible(adj. 有可能的)改成 impssible(adj. 不可能的)。
82.【答案】Its
【解析】句意:我的堂姐有一只宠物狗。它的名字叫做旺旺。考查形容词性物主 代词,空格后面是 name 名词,由此可知这里应该用形容词性物主代词修饰名词, 把 it 改为 its,表示它的名字。
83.【答案】frgt
【解析】句意:我昨天离开房间的时候忘记关灯了。考查时间状语从句中,主句 和从句的时态问题。通过从句中的 yesterday 可知 从句是一般过去时,则主句应该相对应的使用一般过去时,故 frget 要改为 frgt。
84.【答案】heres
【解析】句意:杨利伟是我们的一个民族英雄。我们都应该向他学习。考查名词 的复数。ne f 后面加名词复数。her 的复数形式 是加 es。
85.【答案】surprised
【解析】句意:昨天晚上每个人都很惊讶会在聚会上见到她?考查形容词的使用, 人做主语用形容词的 ed 形式,everyne 每个人, 故应该用 surprised。
(三)选词填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,共 10 分)
根据短文内容,从方框中选择恰当的词填空,并将单词写在答题卡对应的横
线上,每个单词只能用一次,没空一词。
befreparks
mney usual
pllutin
ging
be carry
nes
slwer
A kind f little cars may sme day take the place f tday’s big nes. Peple will like this kind f small cars mre and mre. The car is as small as a bike but can 86tw peple in it. Everybdy can drive it, just like riding bike. Even children and ld peple can drive them t schl and 87 .
If everyne drives such a car in the future, there will be less 88 in the air. There will als 89 mre space fr all the cars in cites, and the street will have mre space fr peple t walk. Three such cars can fit in the space nw needed fr ne car f the 90 size.
The little cars f the future will cst much less __91 t wn and t drive. And they can g nly 65 kilmeters an hur, s driving will be safer, t.
The cars f the future will be fine fr 92 arund a city, but they will nt be useful, fr a lng trip.
This kind f cars can save a lt f gasline (汽油).They will g 450 kilmeters
93needing t stp fr mre gasline.
If big cars are still used alng with the small f 94 , tw sets f rads will be needed in the future. Sme rads will be needed fr the big, faster cars and ther rads will be needed fr the small, 95 cars.
参考答案及解析
第一步:根据前后文,判断应填单词的词性,缩小选择范围。
第二步:正确翻译词汇,放入适当单词,使句子符合逻辑。
86【答案】carry
【解析】通过前文 can 可判断,此空应填动词原形,可猜出句子的意思为“这种 汽车和单车一样小,但是车内可以载两个人”。carry 有运载的意思,放入句子 中符合句意,故选 carry。
87【答案】parks
【解析】根据 and 前面的 schls 可知 and 的后面应该跟着一个复数名词,在单 词列表中只有 parks 符合题意。这句话翻译为“甚至老人和小孩可以开着他们去 学校和公园”,符合题意故选 parks。
88【答案】pllutin
【解析】根据后面的 in the air 并结合句意可知这里指的是空气中污染,所以应用 pllutin。句意为“如果将来每个人都开这样的车,空气中的的污染就会变少”。
89【答案】be
【解析】此空考查 there be 句型,表示“某地有某物”,句意为“在城市中也会 有更多的空间给这些车”,并且 will 情态动词后面接动词原形,所以此空填 be。 9
0【答案】usual
【解析】根据句意以及上下文可知,此处是将新型的汽车和普通的汽车进行对比, 句意为“普通车子的所占的车位大小能够容下三辆新型的车子”,此空应该填“普 通的”,即为 usual。
91【答案】mney
【解析】根据前文的 cst 可知此处应指花钱,句意为:“未来的小车花很少的 钱就能拥有一辆来开”,所以这题应填 mney。
92【答案】ging
【解析】根据后面 arund the city,可知此处指的是在城市当中四处走动,g arund 有四处走动的意思,因为 fr 是介词,所以 g 要变成 ging。句意为:未 来的小车可以所以在城市当中四处走动。
93【答案】befre
【解析】根据句意:在它停下来需要加汽油之前它能够行驶 450 千米。befre 表 示“在...之前”。
94【答案】nes
【解析】small 是形容词,后面接名词,所以应选 nes,并且句意为“如果大车 和小车继续一起用的话,那么将需要两条道路”。
95【答案】slwer
【解析】根据前面的 big 和 faster,以及后面的 small,可知此空应对应的是 faster 的反义词,即 slwer。句意为:大的快的车会需要一些道路,而小的慢的车会需 要另一些道路。
七,书面表达
假如你是李华,是向阳中学九年级(1)班的一名学生,你的初中生活即将结束, 请你以“My suggestins”为题写一篇 80 词左右的短文,在学习,生活,校园活 动,同学关系这几个方面给七年级的新生提几点建议,并提出你的希望和祝愿。 写作要求:1,内容必须包含所给的信息,可适当发挥,使行文连贯。
2,语篇完整,语句通顺。语法正确,书写规范。
3,文中不能出现除题目以外的个人信息,否则一律不予评分。
4,开头已给出,不计入总词数。
点评:从作文的话题来看,今年的作文题延续了往年常考的校园类型作文, 为中学生所熟悉,贴近学生生活的实际,让考生有话可写。从命题的形式上,今 年仍然是常见的“提纲式”作文,给出要点提示,给考生留下足够的自主发挥空间, 同时也有效防止考生“直译”要点,对写作能力的要求在不断提高。从写作类型上 来看,本次作文属于表建议类型作文。在写作的得分点要求上,只要同学们能按 老师平时要求的注意事项去把握好作文的四大得分点:1:书写工整 2:要点齐 全且有逻辑 3:语法正确 4:句式多样。特别是在句式多样性方面,我们切忌使 用重复的句型,要有意识地使用以往在八年级上册 Mdule1 学过的表建议类型 的句子,来达到句式多样性要求。若能根据每个得分点去对应写作,相信会获得 满意的作文分数。
提建议得分点: I think yu shuld d …我认为你应该
Yu’d better (nt)d…最好(不)做
It’s a gd idea t d…做..是个好主意 Hw abut ding… ..怎么样?
Why nt d…/ Why dn’t yu d…?为什么不..
I suggest / advice that yu shuld d 我建议你做… Let’s d... 让我们..
参考词汇:advice 建议(不可数)suggestin 建议
take part in 参与activity 活动
develp 发展habit 习惯
d exercise 做运动keep healthy 保持健康
make a study plan 做学习计划practice 练习
参考句型:
开头:
As a middle schl student, yu may meet all kinds f difficulties in the first year f middle schl life.
Here I’d like t sharesmeadvice n hw t live a meaningful/clurful schl life in middle schl.
It’s imprtant t develp gd learning habits in middle schl.
中间句(每一点可适当拓展)
It’s a gd idea t ask yur classmates r teachers fr help when yu are in truble.
Why nt take part in schl activities and make mre friends?
Hw abut ding exercise and practise playing kinds f balls in rder t keep healthy/fit?
Yu had better make a study plan t balance every subject.
逻辑连接词
First/Secnd/Third
First f all/Besides/Finally
On ne hand the ther hand..
结尾句:
I hpe these suggestins will help yu.
If we fllw the advice, we will be sure t make great prgress.
The mst imprtant thing is that we must believe urselves and never give up easily.
参考范文:
My Suggestins
My name is Li Hua. I’m a student in Class 1, Grade 9 in Xiangyang Middle Schl. Here I’d like t share sme advice n hw t live a meaningful and clurful schl life in middle schl.
First, We shuld make a study plan t balance every subject. It’s a gd idea t listen t the teacher carefully in class and finish hme wrk n time after class.Secnd, It’s imprtant t develp gd habits in middle schl. Hw abut ding exercise and practice playing kinds f balls in rder t keep healthy?Third, Why nt take part in schl activities and make mre friends?Last but nt least, we had better get n well with ur classmates and teachers because they will help us when we are in truble.
I hpe these suggestins will help yu. If we fllw the advice, we will be sure t make great prgress in middle schl life.
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